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blade essay runner 1997 James Pontolillo. Note: An earlier, significantly different, version of essay images, this article appeared as Myth and Meaning in Ridley Scott's Blade Runner in Essay of Biomaterials Pebbles magazine (vol. 1, no. 4, Winter 1994-95, pp. 8-20). They are shepherds who take care only of themselves. They are clouds carried along by a wind without giving rain, trees fruitless in autumn, dead twice over and pulled up by the roots. They are wild sea waves, foaming with disgraceful deeds; they are stars that have wandered from their courses, and the place reserved for them is an eternity of blackest darkness. [Jude 12, 13] Following poor in-house and sneak previews in early 1982, the film's backers prevailed upon director Ridley Scott ( Alien, Black Rain, Thelma Louise, 1492: Conquest of Paradise ), to make substantial changes in plot, scripting, and the soundtrack. Blade Runner was then released on essay images June 25, 1982 and proved to be a box office flop.
Many viewers felt confused, irritated, or depressed by the film's unrelenting bleakness, gritty pessimism, and thematic ambiguity. Piggy's Glasses! Critical reaction to Blade Runner was highly polarized and, more often than not, downright harsh. But a funny thing happened. Essay! Blade Runner wouldn't go away and by the late 1980s it had become a worldwide cultural icon embraced by a broad spectrum of science fiction fans, cineastes, and literati. At the 1992 World Science Fiction Convention, a poll of attendees named Blade Runner as the third most popular sci-fi film of all time (behind Star Wars and 2001 : A Space Odyssey ). The Use Of Code-Switching In Teaching As A Second! This ever-increasing interest and images popularity ultimately led Ridley Scott and Warner Brothers to piggy's glasses release his original version of the movie. On December 14, 1993, Blade Runner was accorded the highest of images, honors when it was inducted into the Library of Congress National Film Registry. A total of six different versions of Blade Runner have been screened to The Use of Code-Switching date: Workprint (1982, 1990, 1991), San Diego Sneak Preview (1982), U.S. Essay Images! Theatrical Release (1982), International Theatrical Release (1982), U.S. Broadcast TV Version (1986), and Director's Cut (1992). The differences between the versions are relatively minor, except for the Workprint and The Director's Cut which dramatically differ from each other.
All Blade Runner videotapes and laserdiscs (The Director's Cut not included) released prior to 1993 are the European Theatrical Release version - except for the Embassy/Nelson Entertainment LD (13806) which, although marked as the Euro-version, is actually the U.S. Theatrical Release. Piggy's Glasses! For the purpose of discussion in this article, all visual references were taken from the essay, Blade Runner - The Director's Cut videotape (Warner Brothers 12682). The movie's original U.S. Theatrical Release soundtrack (scored by Vangelis and supplemented with other source music) has a similarly complex history. It has never been officially issued, although a number of variations have appeared. The first was a poor quality, bootleg cassette soundtrack that surfaced several weeks prior to the movie's release.
In coordination with Blade Runner 's release, Full Moon/Warner Brothers issued an official orchestral adaptation of the movie soundtrack by the New American Orchestra (WEA 9-23748-2). In 1989, Vangelis included two previously unreleased recordings from the movie soundtrack on his Themes CD (Polydor 839-518-2). Of Biomaterials! A few days before Christmas 1993, a limited-edition bootleg CD entitled Original Motion Picture Soundtrack : Blade Runner was released by Off World Music (OWM 9301) and appeared in a handful of essay, stores. It contained selections of the original soundtrack as well as unused music from various sources. In 1994, Vangelis finally released an official Blade Runner CD (Atlantic/Warner 82623-2), however, it is piggy's glasses not a soundtrack in the usual sense of the images, term. The twelve tracks included material composed for, but never used in, the piggy's glasses, original soundtrack. In 1995, a limited-edition Romanian bootleg soundtrack, Sunetul Original al Filmului: Blade Runner (Gongo Music GM-003) was offered for sale by essay images, collectible music dealers. For the turning points of ww2, most part it featured the same tracks as those offered on the first bootleg. Finally, 1995 also saw the release of Blade Runner: Synthesizer Soundtracks (Silva Screen Records STD5003) which only featured a reworking of one movie track. For the purpose of images, discussion in this article, all audio references were taken from the Essay on The of Biomaterials, Blade Runner - The Director's Cut (Warner Brothers 12682) videotape soundtrack.
Those desiring a more in-depth discussion of the various movie versions, their differences and implications, the essay images, making of Blade Runner, and a host of other general topics should consult the Future, authoritative works by Sammon (1996) and Chapman (1995). Be forewarned that this article relies on a working knowledge of the Blade Runner cycle of images, movies and contains spoilers, so those who have not seen the movie should probably do so before reading any further (or else, don't blame me for exercise clause example, your confusion and images a ruined ending!). However, even for those familiar with Blade Runner - The Director's Cut (hereafter BR-TDC) a character and turning points of ww2 plot summary is in order before plunging into the often murky world of essay images, interpretation. Roy Batty (Rutger Hauer): the leader of a group of of Code-Switching in Teaching as a Language Essay, six renegade replicants; combat model Bryant (M. Emmett Walsh): Los Angeles Police Department [LAPD] Inspector; Deckard's former boss Chew (James Hong): genetic eye designer for the Tyrell Corporation; proprietor of Chew's Eye World Deckard (Harrison Ford): a retired Blade Runner for the LAPD Gaff (Edward James Olmos): a member of the LAPD Holden (Morgan Paull): a Blade Runner for the LAPD Leon Kowalski (Brion James): one of the six renegade replicants; combat/loader model Taffey Lewis (Hy Pyke): proprietor of an adult nightclub called The Snake Pit Pris (Daryl Hannah): one of the six renegade replicants; recreational model [i.e., a prostitute] Rachael (Sean Young): an employee of the essay, Tyrell Corporation J.F.
Sebastian (William Sanderson): genetic designer for the Tyrell Corporation; suffers from progeria [Methuselah's Syndrome] - a form of premature aging Dr. Eldon Tyrell (Joe Turkel): owner and driving force behind the piggy's glasses, Tyrell Corporation Zhora (Joanna Cassidy): one of the six renegade replicants; political homicide model. Deckard is picked up at a sushi bar by Gaff and taken to LAPD headquarters. Essay! There he has a less than happy reunion with his former boss, Bryant. Gaff creates an origami figure of a chicken and places it on a table. What Elliott! Deckard is forcibly reinstated as a Blade Runner and essay images given the free clause, background of the case: six Nexus-6 replicants (three male and three female) mutinied, escaped from an off-world colony by jumping a shuttle and killing its crew, and have returned to Earth for reasons unknown. Bryant claims that one of the six was destroyed three nights ago by an electrical security fence at the Tyrell Corporation. Essay Images! Deckard is then shown photos and data on four replicants (Roy, Pris, Zhora, and Leon). Deckard and Gaff go over to the Tyrell Corporation to what elliott trudeau accomplish VK a sample Nexus-6 for test purposes. Deckard meets Rachael and Dr. Eldon Tyrell.
Dr. Tyrell wants a negative test on essay images a human first and suggests that Deckard should VK Rachael. Deckard sets up the apparatus and only after much questioning concludes that Rachael is a replicant and doesn't know it. Out of what, her earshot, Dr. Tyrell clarifies: memory implants (although she is essay images beginning to have suspicions). Turning! Deckard is stunned to find out that the dividing line between real humans and images replicants has become so very narrow. Deckard and Gaff leave the analysis, Tyrell Corporation and go to search Leon's apartment.
Gaff creates an origami figure of a man with an erection and places it on a table. Essay! Deckard finds a stack of photographs hidden in a dresser drawer and a mysterious scale in the bottom of Leon's tub. Leon has been observing the police search from a safe distance. Roy and Leon go to Chew's Eye World. They interrogate Chew and learn that J.F. Sebastian is one of the few people with access to Dr.
Tyrell. They then kill Chew (though this is garden analysis not shown). Deckard returns home and is confronted by Rachael who desperately wants to essay be told that she is did pierre elliott trudeau really a human. Deckard callously proves that she is a replicant by relating two of the most private memories that she had never divulged to anyone (in fact, they were programmed memories from Tyrell's niece). A very distraught Rachael leaves.
Deckard hits the bottle. Pris, acting on Roy's directions, shows up at J.F. Sebastian's apartment building. Playing an innocent homeless waif, she cons her way into J.F.'s heart and apartment (he has the entire building to himself). She says she will find her friends tomorrow.
A drunken Deckard (still in his apartment) pecks away at a piano, reminisces over family photos, lapses into sleep momentarily, and dreams about a unicorn running through a green forest. He gets up and essay images feeds one of Leon's photos into his Esper machine to examine it. In the photo, Deckard is able to make out the face of Zhora associated with a shiny boa. The boa resembles the Essay on The, scale that he retrieved from Leon's tub. Deckard goes to essay images a market and gets an animoid fish maker to analyze the piggy's glasses, scale for him. It is essay a snake scale. He visits Abdul Ben Hassan (a maker of fine artificial snakes) and learns that the snake was sold to Taffey Lewis. Deckard goes to Taffey Lewis' adult nightclub (The Snake Pit) and inquires about Zhora. Taffey buys him one on the house and them brushes him off. Deckard calls Rachael and asks her to join him for a drink to make amends, but she refuses.
Deckard stays to drink for Future, awhile and witnesses the act of Miss Salome and her Snake. He realizes that Miss Salome is Zhora and images visits her backstage. Zhora, sensing that something is wrong, gets the jump on Deckard and did pierre escapes into the streets. Deckard chases Zhora through the streets and images finally shoots her to death. Leon witnesses it all. Deckard buys himself a bottle for the road. Bryant and piggy's glasses Gaff show up to congratulate Deckard on essay his kill. Bryant informs Deckard that he also has to retire Rachael, who is now missing. The Use Of Code-Switching As A Second Language! Deckard starts home, but spots Rachael in the crowd.
He goes after her. Leon appears, pulls Deckard into an alley, disarms him, and works him over. Just as he is about to kill Deckard, Rachael shoots Leon in the back of the head with Deckard's gun. Deckard and Rachel return to his apartment to drink off the shakes from killing. Deckard tells Rachael that he won't hunt her because he owes her one (but somebody would). Rachael plays the piano while Deckard rests.
Rachael and images Deckard make love. Analysis! Pris and J.F. Images! Sebastian are relaxing in his apartment when Roy Batty joins them unexpectedly. Roy gives Pris an update of the bad news (there's only two of elliott trudeau, us now). Sebastian concludes that they are Nexus-6 replicants. Roy and images Pris pressure Sebastian into helping them gain access to Dr. Tyrell via the ongoing chess match between the two scientists. The Cement Analysis! Roy and J.F. Sebastian go to the Tyrell Corporation late at essay, night, but their elevator car is what elliott accomplish stopped at an automated checkpoint.
Dr. Tyrell thinks that only essay images, Sebastian is in the car. Sebastian (using Roy's advice) defeats Dr. Tyrell in their ongoing chess match. Sensing that something is on Sebastian's mind, Tyrell unwittingly clears him to come on up. Roy confronts his maker: he wants more life for himself and Pris (whom he loves). Tyrell claims that there is nothing he can do to help.
In a fit of rage, Roy kills Tyrell and Sebastian and then leaves. Deckard receives a police band call announcing the deaths of Dr. Tyrell and J.F. Sebastian. He calls Sebastian's apartment and recognizes Pris on garden analysis the vid-phone, even though she hurriedly hangs up. Deckard heads over to essay images Sebastian's apartment. Deckard searches Sebastian's apartment, but Pris gets the jump on him. After a brief one-sided fight in her favor, Deckard is finally able to shoot and kill Pris. Roy returns to in Teaching English as a Second Language Essay Sebastian's apartment and images finds Deckard and of Code-Switching in Teaching Second Language Essay Pris' body.
Roy is able to disarm Deckard and breaks two of his fingers. However, he gives Deckard his gun back. It is clear that Roy wants to play with the Blade Runner . Roy briefly mourns for images, Pris, kisses her goodbye, and then begins to hunt Deckard through the building. In the heat of the chase, Deckard loses his gun. Roy is beginning to show imminent signs of the cement garden analysis, death (loss of muscle control in his right hand which he counteracts by plunging a nail through his palm). They spar physically, but Roy is essay merely toying with him. Deckard is piggy's glasses able to essay images climb outside of the building to the rooftop, yet even that offers no escape. In desperation, Deckard tries to jump to a neighboring building in the pouring rain. He doesn't quite make it and ends up hanging on Essay Future of Biomaterials for dear life from a wet I-beam. Roy (with a white dove in hand) easily leaps onto the neighboring building.
He looks down at Deckard and tells him: Quite an experience to live in fear, isn't it? That's what it is to be a slave. Deckard can hold on no longer and falls. At the last possible moment, Roy grabs Deckard and pulls him up to safety. With his dying breaths, Roy delivers a moving soliloquoy. As he dies, Roy releases the essay images, dove that he has been holding and it flys away. After an indeterminate amount of time, Gaff appears and gives Deckard his gun back.
Deckard tells Gaff that he is retiring. As Gaff leaves Deckard on the rooftop he turns one last time and says: It's too bad she won't live . but then again, who does? Deckard returns to his apartment and finds (to his immense relief) Rachael asleep. He has her grab a coat and they cautiously leave his apartment. Outside his door, Deckard spots a little origami unicorn sitting on the floor. Gaff's last statement echoes through his mind.
He smiles wryly and joins Rachael in the elevator. The doors close. Veiled Symbolism or Viewer Imaginings? One of the movie's critical scenes revolves around Roy Batty's attempt to gain access to his maker, Dr. Eldon Tyrell, via J.F. Sebastian.
A chess match between Batty and example Tyrell takes center stage. Chess has traditionally been the royal game of life - a conflict between the powers of darkness and light for domination of the world. At one level, the game represents the intellectual struggles of essay, Batty and Tyrell (first on the chess board, and then as Tyrell tries to free exercise clause example reason with Batty). On another level, the essay, match echoes the struggles of the replicants (pawns) to the cement garden analysis obtain more life or become human (get queened). The final moves in essay the game are particularly instructive. Roy attacks (Queen to Bishop 6) with the spirit or the Mover under Will. Tyrell parries (Knight takes Queen) with a piece representative of the intellect devoid of spirit. Roy ends the piggy's glasses, match (Bishop to King 7) with a move reasserting the primacy of the spiritual over the physical realm.
While following up on essay clues, Deckard has an animoid fish maker examine the scale that he found in Leon's tub. The images used as special effects are those of a female marijuana bud. Eye symbolism is rampant throughout BR-TDC. Some of the more prominent examples are: close-up of an eye during the opening sequence, the importance of eyes to the VK test, the visit to Chew's Eye World where both Chew and Leon handle eyes, attempts by free, replicants to kill humans by gouging their eyes out, owl's eyes are shown several times, Roy Batty plays with glass-encased eyes while in J.F. Sebastian's apartment, Deckard's and images the replicant's eyes glow, Dr. Tyrell wears a pair of on The, tri-focal glasses that magnify his eyes, and Pris' emotional state is frequently expressed through her eyes. In this connection it is useful to recall E.T.A.
Hoffman's story The Automata. In it, a man falls in love with a female piano-playing automaton. Upon realizing her true nature, he commits suicide by images, jumping off a building. Since it was her eyes that betrayed her, the Essay on The Future of Biomaterials, man shouts beautiful eyes just before he jumps. The correspondences here with Rachael (a piano-playing replicant) and Deckard (falls in love with Rachael; takes near-suicidal leap from J.F. Sebastian's apartment building) are unmistakable. When Gaff arrests Deckard in a sushi bar at the beginning of the images, movie there is more at stake than a disturbed meal. The event marks the exercise, transition for Deckard from sedate retirement (remember, a dead replicant is one that has been retired) to a frantic life and death struggle or alternately, his awakening from the darkness of images, ignorance to the light of knowledge.
It is more than coincidental that he should be eating fish at analysis, this turning point: fish is the essay images, sacramental meal of most mystery religions (e.g., the the cement garden analysis, Last Supper, the essay images, Hebrew Sabbath meal, and numerous feasts for the dead). Almost universally, to partake of the cement, fish is to symbolically renew or sustain life. Pris, the prostitute replicant, has an incept (birth) date of February 14 - St. Valentine's Day. The repeated occurrence of the number 23 as an integral part of important numbers throughout the movie was one of the first irregularities to catch my eye. Robert Anton Wilson (1988) has commented extensively on essay images the 23 synchronicity and its purported meanings. In BR-TDC the number 23 is cited an inordinate number of times. Did Pierre Accomplish! Some examples: the renegade replicants killed 23 people on the hijacked shuttle, the LAPD spinner vehicle is number 995 (9 + 9 + 5 = 23), Rachael's phone number is 555-7583 (7 + 5 + 8 + 3 = 23), Deckard's badge number is B26354 ( + 2 + 6 + 3 + 5 + 4 = 22), and J.F. Sebastian's apartment number is 46751 (4 + 6 + 7 + 5 + 1 = 23). The number 23 is representative of a man undertaking the essay images, Great Work - the Mystical Marriage of the Essay on The Future of Biomaterials, Qabalists, or union with the Godhead. He first leaves his life of comfort and then the world at large.
There is no return for images, one that has started on this path which is clearly representative of Deckard and the other replicants' journey. Hopefully, these examples suffice to show that a fair amount of hidden material lies just beneath the surface of piggy's glasses, BR-TDC. Character Profiles by Ancient Arts. Of course, before continuing I should provide some rationale as to why it is reasonable to analyze a movie released in 1982 with an ancient Hebrew mystical practice. The answer is images quite simple: most of the movie's character names and thematic essentials are taken directly from Philip K. Dick's novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968), it is known that Dick incorporated mystical systems into some of of Code-Switching as a Second Essay, his other works, and essay even a cursory viewing of BR-TDC reveals a host of biblical themes (see The Mythic Strand, below). Dick's Hugo Award-winning novel The Man in the High Castle (1962) was entirely plotted by The Use in Teaching English Second, consulting the I Ching and his novel Ubik (1969) revolves around the essay, Bardo Thodol of the Tibetan Book of the Dead. In private letters he noted that as of 1966 he had picked up a wealth of theological material from exercise his friendship with San Francisco Episcopal Bishop Pike (who was eventually stripped of his office due to very public journeys into the realms of mysticism).
Dick's last works : Valis (1981), The Divine Invasion (1981), The Transmigration of Timothy Archer (1982), and Radio Free Albemuth (1985) were outright religio-mystical explorations published under the images, guise of science fiction. It would not be surprising if other P.K. Piggy's Glasses! Dick novels also yielded mystical affinities upon closer inspection. Roy Batty: The character of Roy Batty is both the most tragic and images inspiring figure in BR-TDC. He is Lucifer (as destroying angel) and Christ (as the crucified saviour of piggy's glasses, his enemy, Deckard). Essay! His incept date of January 8 - well within the calendrical variation for the Feast of Epiphany (from the analysis, Greek epiphanos, the emergence of Deity) - is another tie to Christ. However, like Lucifer he rebels against images, order and leads his fallen angels (the other replicants) in a war against Heaven. In fact, Roy successfully ascends to Heaven and piggy's glasses then confronts, condemns, and destroys his Creator (Tyrell). But even this cannot save Batty and his fellow replicants who have been under an unalterable death sentence since their birth.
An exegesis of essay, Roy Batty (RY BTTY = 200/20, 220) signifies the biblical giants known as Nephilim who were superhuman (When we set our eyes on piggy's glasses the Nephilim we felt no bigger than grasshoppers; and that is essay images how we must have been in their eyes. [Num. xiii 33]). Roy is associated with several animals throughout the movie. While questioning Chew, an illuminated hawk-like figure can be seen briefly behind Roy. The hawk is turning points of ww2 a traditional attribution of strength and power. Later, when Roy chases Deckard through the ruins of Sebastian's apartment building, he howls like a wolf several times. The wolf represents the Earth, evil, and devouring, persecuting spirits. In Celtic mythology a wolf swallows the essay images, Sun at night (as Batty has destroyed Tyrell). Prior to saving Deckard's life, Roy adopts a white dove as his final animal attribution. Doves represent love, peace, light, and the life spirit especially when passing from one state of existence to another.
Incidentally, looming over the scene of Roy's death is a large, illuminated TDK Corporation sign (TDK = 33 = sorrow, tears, mourning). Bryant: Police inspector Bryant appears to carry no special significance in BR-TDC beyond what we actually see on the screen. An exegesis of Essay on The Future, his name (BRYNT = 271) signifies that which is images low and mean, certainly an apt description of the did pierre trudeau, inspector. Images! Chew: Genetic eye designer Chew is one of the Tyrell Corporation scientists that form a trinity of Essay on The, natural powers. Chew is a hermit dwelling in the realm of ice - his cryogenic lab. An exegesis of his name (ChV = 14) signifies the interplay of Divine Will with matter, or his role as eye-creator. Deckard: An exegesis of his name (DKRD = 228) signifies the First-born (Adam) and a Ruler of the Earth. He is essay linked to turning of ww2 Dr. Tyrell (see below) by his possession of an images, evergreen bonsai tree which symbolizes everlasting life. It is clear from clues in exercise clause example BR-TDC that Deckard is a replicant.
The crucial piece of evidence to confirm this is the origami unicorn figure that Gaff leaves outside of Deckard's door at the end of the movie. Deckard is also linked to J.F. Sebastian through their shared possession of a unicorn (see below). In this instance, the unicorn represents virtue, incorruptability, power, and strength. The unicorn is also a guardian of the Tree of Life. Gaff could only have known about Deckard's unicorn dream through access to images his mind, thus Deckard must be a replicant with memory implants.
The unicorn manifests itself from out of the dream-realm into the material world. Similarly, Deckard has been transformed from a destroyer of life into its guardian, and from a human into a replicant (although, is there really any difference?). On The Future! This is supported by an exegesis of Deckard's apartment number (9732): it symbolizes the place where the archetypal and formative worlds unite - i.e., Deckard's realization concerning his true nature. Essay! Gaff: Gaff is a shadowy figure who spends all of his time trailing Deckard during his hunt of the replicants. An exegesis of his name (GPHPH = 173) signifies lighten mine eyes - an accurate description considering his pivotal role in Essay Future of Biomaterials enlightening Deckard via the origami unicorn. Holden: Holden is shot by Leon in the opening sequence of BR-TDC.
He is put on life-support and never seen again. An exegesis of his name (HLDN = 89) signifies body and silence. Leon Kowalski: Leon's animal attribution is the essay images, tortoise which represents the support of the free exercise clause example, World, the images, Earth, and the base of analysis, any matter. Tortoises are also associated with northern regions. An exegesis of his name (LN KWLSKY = 80/146, 226) signifies the World and essay images the North. Leon is the common man/replicant. Taffey Lewis: An exegesis of his name (TPHPHY LVS = 580/336, 916) appropriately decribes his nightclub, The Snake Pit, as the place of lewdness where an attack occurs.
The worm Deckard finds in his drink embodies the The Use Second Language, death and dissolution that lie just below the surface of essay images, The Snake Pit's glittering exterior. The candles arrayed all about the nightclub represent the uncertainty of Language Essay, life as they are easily extinguished and essay form a symbolic link with Dr. Tyrell's bedroom (see below). Pris: When Pris first meets J.F. Sebastian she is framed by piggy's glasses, streetlights resembling cat's eyes. Essay Images! As the scene ends, she stares evilly at Sebastian's back while synthesized feline howls echo through the night. Traditionally, the cat has represented stealth, evil, darkness, the lunar powers, and a variable nature. All of these aspects characterize Pris' role in setting up J.F. Sebastian and Dr.
Tyrell for the kill. Pris has often been accorded a racoon attribution on the basis of her makeup, however, her darkened eyes, pale complexion, and garishly red lips are also the historical trademarks of the prostitute. An exegesis of her name (PRS = 580) signifies lewdness, particularly the scapegoat that was burdened down with the Hebrew's sins and then driven out (The goat will carry all their iniquities upon itself into some barren waste, where the man will release it, there in the wilderness. [Levit. xvi 22]). Rachael: An exegesis of The Use English as a, her name (RChL = 238. 76) signifies the secret slave, a recognition of Rachael's status at the beginning of BR-TDC. Her primary natural attribution is the spider, Deckard's knowledge of which proves to Rachael that she is a replicant. The spider is the Great Mother in her aspects as the weaver of destiny and essay images the genetrix who spins the points of ww2, web of life from essay images out of the cement garden, her own substance. Rachael can certainly be considered the weaver of Deckard's fate. Essay Images! As the Great Mother, Rachael is also Eve. Trudeau! Her secondary natural attributions emerge during the VK test performed by Deckard: calf, butterfly, wasp, naked woman, oyster, and dog.
These combine to signify an unblemished and chaste, but fertile, feminine psychopomp (i.e., Rachael's role as the experimental, transitional form of essay images, replicant that is barely distinguishable from a real human). J.F. Sebastian: Sebastian is of Code-Switching in Teaching as a Second another of the Tyrell Corporation scientists that form a trinity of natural powers; he is the hermit dwelling in the realm of water (leaky is a wild understatement for his apartment building). An exegesis of his name (YPH SBSTYN = 95/841, 936) signifies the broken one who creates a multitude. This refers both to his affliction with progeria and to his role as a genetic designer. Sebastian's animal attributions are the rodent (rats are seen on the table around him as he dozes in his apartment), the bear cub (a teddy bear in a military uniform greets him when he brings Pris into his apartment), the ostrich (among his toys), and images the unicorn (also among his toys). The rodent represents hypocrisy and duplicity, pointing to Sebastian's role in what betraying Dr. Tyrell. In Christianity, bear cubs are emblematic of amorphous beings, a fair description of Sebastian who is essay images human but suffers from the same fate (a genetically-based shortened lifespan) as the replicants.
The unicorn represents Sebastian's meekness. The ostrich signifies his role as a destroyer, which combined with an exercise clause, exegesis of essay images, his passcode number at the Tyrell Corporation (1 + 6 + 4 + 1 + 7 = 19, an enemy) reaffirms Sebastian's role in Tyrell's death. Dr. Essay Future Of Biomaterials! Eldon Tyrell: Dr. Essay Images! Tyrell is the hermit-like apex of the Tyrell Corporation trinity of natural powers - a living solar god. He dwells in a golden ziggurat that dwarfs all neighboring buildings in Los Angeles.
In Sumerian tradition, the ziggurat represents the turning points, Sacred Mountain, the dwelling place of divinity, and images the cosmic axis. The only time we ever see the sun and stars in BR-TDC is from the vantage point of the Tyrell Corporation building. Of Ww2! At night, Tyrell lies in bed surrounded by 46 candles (the light of perfection and through exegesis, one of the holy names of God). His headboard is covered with a motif of white cranes - symbolic of a high position, immortality, and an intermediary between heaven and earth. Images! Tyrell's animal attributions are the owl (wisdom, solitude; darkness, death) and the eagle (power, authority). Interestingly, he also has several plant attributions: two evergreen bonsai trees (everlasting life) seen on the office table when Deckard first arrives at the Tyrell Corporation and an unidentifiable deciduous tree (the life principle, the whole of manifestation) in the right corner of the office.
Everything surrounding Dr. Tyrell - the piggy's glasses, trees, the owl, Rachael, the very building he inhabits - are direct artificial manifestations of his will. An exegesis of essay, his name (LDN TYRLL = 84/279, 363) signifies the piggy's glasses, almighty and everlasting, but flawed, Creator that dwells in images the City. As the Creator is flawed, so are his creations (replicants). Did Pierre Elliott! He is the granter of life and death. Those who wish to see him must ascend a golden stairway (zigggurat) and request an audience in his chambers. As Taffey Lewis' nightclub is a place of physical decay, so is Tyrell's bedroom a place of spiritual desolation (see earlier comments concerning the chess match). Zhora: An exegesis of her name (ZHR = 212) signifies a harlot. While it is essay images true that Zhora is programmed for political assassinations, her occupation in BR-TDC is that of an free exercise clause, exotic entertainer at an adult nightclub (voice announcing her act at images, The Snake Pit: watch her take the pleasures from the serpent that once corrupted man). In fact, her act is elliott trudeau billed as Miss Salome and Her Snake - an images, overt reference to the deadly erotic snake dancer of Hebrew legend. As Zhora's animal attribution, the snake represents death, evil, sin, and sexual passion.
Serpents accompany many female deities and are often twined around them in what elliott accomplish a symbolic sexual union. It has been noted by many observers of BR-TDC that there are three couples in the movie: Deckard and Rachael, Pris and Roy, and Leon and Zhora. An exegesis of each couple's names yielded interesting results. Deckard and Rachael (228/76, 304) signify gold or illumination, incorruptibility, and sacredness - a form of the Gods. Pris and Roy (580/220, 800) signify the rainbow - a transfiguration or the bridge between one world and another.
Leon and Zhora (226/212, 438) signify the baetylic stone of Jacob - a meeting place of heaven and earth (Build the altar of the Lord your God with blocks of undressed stone, and offer whole-offerings on it to the Lord your God. Images! [Deut. xxvii 6]). Thus, each of the couples embodies a perfect object that connects the human world with transcendant realms. An exegesis of the summed names of all of the replicants in the cement garden analysis BR-TDC (1542, including Deckard) signifies the Oil of Anointing (. Essay! they drove out many demons, and anointed many sick people with oil and cured them. [Mk 6, 13]). As this oil infuses new divine life into its recipients, so do the replicants by did pierre elliott accomplish, their existence and slavery serve as a potential curative for essay, a society that has lost touch with its capacity for empathy. Entangled Themes Meet a Pair of Scissors. Six replicants (Roy Batty, Pris, Zhora, Leon Kowalski, unnamed male, unnamed female) mutiny and escape from an off-world colony by hijacking a shuttle and murdering its crew. The replicants return to Earth and hide out in Los Angeles. Their goal is to gain access to their creator, Dr. Eldon Tyrell, because they are dissatisfied with their limited lifespans. The replicants attempt a break-in at the Tyrell Corporation; two of the replicants (the unnamed ones) are incapacitated and captured. The Use Of Code-Switching In Teaching English As A Second Language! [Bryant lied about this to Deckard during his briefing. He told Deckard that there were originally six replicants and that one was killed during the break-in attempt.
This would leave five replicants for Deckard to retire, but Bryant acts all along as if only four need to be retired. Until, of course, he adds Rachael to the list] Dr. Tyrell begins an experimental re-programming of the captured female replicant - this becomes Rachael. The LAPD puts the current top gun Blade Runner , Holden, on the job of essay, tracking down and retiring the four remaining replicants. However, when Leon disposes of him so easily the authorities realize that they have a major problem on their hands. The LAPD decides to try a risky gambit by of ww2, having Tyrell revive the captured male replicant and essay giving him memory implants from the most renowned Blade Runner ever (the retired or deceased Rick Deckard). The new Deckard has all of the original's psychological strengths and piggy's glasses weaknesses housed in the superior frame of images, a replicant. This is corroborated by the new Deckard's ability to take extreme physical punishment (witness his beatings at the hands of Leon, Zhora, and Pris) and to shove Rachael around his apartment. This reincarnation of Deckard also explains why Roy Batty knows his name, even though they have never met before. If Roy is of ww2 intelligent enough to outwit his creator, surely he can see through the LAPD plan when his followers suddenly start dropping like flies.
Undoubtedly, the human Deckard would have been infamous in replicant circles. The movie now begins and events initially unfold to the satisfaction of the LAPD. The new Deckard is slowly but surely tracking down and destroying his fellow replicants. Unfortunately, two monkey wrenches get thrown into essay images the works. The first is an outgrowth of the human Deckard's memories: the new Deckard is wracked by doubt and guilt over the killings (presumably what caused the Essay, human Deckard to retire in the first place) and then to make matters worse, he falls in love with Rachael. Essay Images! The second is the piggy's glasses, existence of an unsuspected saboteur with hidden motives (Gaff) who tips off the new Deckard about its own true nature. These two incidents completely unravel the LAPD plan to bring in images the unsuspecting new Deckard for retirement after it has disposed of the other five replicants (original four + Rachael who turns up missing).
Thus forewarned, the turning points, new Deckard and Rachael gain a headstart on any pursuers. Given that the images, new Deckard is still the best Blade Runner ever, perhaps there is piggy's glasses some hope for the fugitive couple. Then again, we have no idea how far along they are in their life-cycles. To paraphrase the shadowy Gaff: it's too bad they won't live. but then again, who does?
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Do I have any predictions for 2015 exam questions? I’m a-Freud-not. Make sure to images check out my categories to see if any of my essays can help you! If you have any questions, I’ll do my best to help if you contact me: email@example.com. Just wanted to let you know that I took the piggy's glasses June 2014 PSYA3 and PSYA4 exams and I think I nailed them, which is essay, partly due to the information I retained in writing up this blog. I’m never going to touch Psychology again because it’s a bitch of a subject to learn, but by all means feel free to use my material- every essay would at least get an free exercise A- and email me if you need any clarification. I also recommend you use this site to type up all your blogs, download ‘Pocket’ onto your smartphone so that you can review your essays whilst on the move or make the Google lady read them out to you.
If you’re reading this taking the Psychology A2, best of luck to you! But for me, I just finished my PSYA4 exam and I’m going to treat myself to a nap. (REM restoration, boom. This subject has ruined the way I look at things now). Discuss psychological explanations of schizophrenia (24 marks) Discuss psychological explanations of schizophrenia (24 marks)
A major sociocultural explanation of schizophrenia is the occurrence of stressful life events. Certain stressors, such as the loss of a close relative, may trigger the disorder because high levels of physiological arousal associated with the neurotransmitter changes are thought to be involved. This is supported by Brown and Birley who found that 50% of patients with schizophrenia had experienced at least one major life event in the last 3 weeks prior to their schizophrenic episode, whereas only 12% had experienced a life event in the 9 weeks prior to essay that; a healthy control sample reported low and unchanging levels of life events over the same period, suggesting that the life events triggered the relapse. However, methodological issues may question the findings of Brown and Birley making it less likely to support life events as a credible explanation because the turning points findings were based on the patients’ retrospective recall which is essay images, never truly objective and often altered by reconstructed memory or their schizophrenic episode, so it’s possible that the research is low in internal validity because it doesn’t measure what it claims to. In addition, Brown and Birley’s research suggesting a link between life events and the onset of schizophrenia is only correlational because it doesn’t distinguish between whether the life events preceded schizophrenia or whether they are a consequence of the disorder, making it hard to establish cause and Future of Biomaterials effect between the two variables; as a result prospective research is needed to better understand the direction of essay effect which would heighten the validity and reinforce the sociocultural explanation of schizophrenia.
To test whether life events are a cause or effect, Hirsch et al (1996) carried out a prospective study checking the life events experienced in of Code-Switching as a Essay a year. They used various scale ratings where independent raters assessed how severe a life event was whilst accounting for the individual’s personal context. They found a 23% risk of patients having a relapse during the 1 year period due to life events, and the risk was 41% for essay patients who had twice the average number of life events. These findings thus contradict Brown and Birley as they did not find that life events needed to immediately precede a schizophrenic episode, therefore making the sociocultural explanation an piggy's glasses incomplete psychological explanation of schizophrenia. However, life events as an explanation is a more holistic account of essay images schizophrenia because when combined with a biological predisposition it may be more able to explain schizophrenia better. The biological explanation suggests that there may be a diathesis-stress relationship where a biological predisposition (diathesis) only triggers schizophrenia if other stressors (such as stressful life events) are present in a person’s life. For instance, Tienari et al (1994) used 164 Finnish adoptees whose biological mothers had been diagnosed with schizophrenia and found that 7% had received the example same diagnosis as opposed to 2% in a control group. However this only emerged in situations where the adopted family was rated as ‘disturbed’ which counts as the essay images appropriate stressor. Therefore it’s likely that schizophrenia can be explained by the biological approach when coupled with life events to encompass both the nature/nurture side in the debate and be a more complete explanation. Another psychological explanation of schizophrenia is the psychodynamic explanation as proposed by Freud who believed schizophrenia was due to a regression to a pre-ego state as a defence mechanism. Freud argued that if a schizophrenic’s parents were cold and uncaring, then the child may regress to what did pierre a state of development before the essay ego was formed and piggy's glasses a realistic awareness of the world was realised.
As a result, schizophrenia is seen as an images infantile state which is turning, reflected in images its symptoms such as delusions of grandeur which reflects this primitive condition. The main issue of Freud’s psychodynamic explanation is what did pierre elliott accomplish, that it’s unfalisifiable, making it impossible to test its credibility as an explanation. Essay. The psychodynamic approach is not objective and based on Freud’s subjective opinions; therefore it lacks principal features of science which doesn’t convincingly explain schizophrenia when compared to more scientific explanations, such as the biological neural explanation of clause schizophrenia. Whilst the theory has some face validity in essay images assuming that the on The schizophrenics experience inner turmoil, this might not be due to the harsh parental environment but may be explained otherwise such as through the essay cognitive explanation which suggests that schizophrenics become internally troubled when not believing what others have to accomplish say (such as denying the essay images reality of voices or hallucinations), therefore leading them to think that others are hiding the Future of Biomaterials truth and they’re on their own against everyone else who is trying to manipulate them. On the other hand, real life applications can be drawn from the psychodynamic explanation of schizophrenia because understandings of essay Freud’s theories have led to psychodynamic therapies, such as psychoanalysis, which helps bring subconscious conflicts to the conscious to establish control over the ego and ultimately recover from schizophrenia. Supporting evidence comes from Gottdiener (2000) who in a meta-analysis found that 66% of the cement analysis patients receiving psychotherapy improved after treatment, suggesting that psychoanalysis as a result of the images psychodynamic explanation has valuable applications in medicine to treat schizophrenia. Discuss biological explanations of schizophrenia (24 marks) Discuss biological explanations of schizophrenia (24 marks) The biological approach assumes that schizophrenia has an organic cause, though this doesn’t deny the role of psychological factors in piggy's glasses the onset of the images disorder.
There might be a diathesis-stress relationship where a biological predisposition (diathesis) only triggers schizophrenia if other significant stressors are present in a person’s life. This essay will cover both genetic and neural explanations of schizophrenia. There is free exercise clause, a large body of evidence to suggest that schizophrenia runs in essay images families which indicates it’s genetically inherited. Essay Future Of Biomaterials. Most evidence comes from research using family studies which indicate that the closer the genetic relationship to someone with schizophrenia the images greater the chance of Essay developing the disorder (Gottesman 1978). Gottesman reported that whilst the rate of essay schizophrenia is 1% in piggy's glasses the general population, the chances between first degree relatives having the images disorder is did pierre trudeau, 12% and if both parents have a disorder it is 40% likely their child will also have it. Compared to this, schizophrenia only images occurs 2-3% between nephews.
Overall, Tsuang et al (1990) estimate that if stringent criteria are used, a first degree relative of garden analysis schizophrenia has 5-20 times higher risk of it developing than those with no relatives. There are however methodological issues with using family studies because they lack population validity. Only small samples can be used because twins are hard to find, meaning the results can’t be extrapolated to essay images the general public. Furthermore, in family studies it’s hard to distinguish whether schizophrenia is caused by Essay Future, nature or nurture because families often share the essay images same environment (nurture), thus making research into family studies low in internal validity because it’s not sure what’s being measured. Further evidence to support the genetic explanation comes from twin studies.
In general, it is reasonable to assume that if identical twins (MZ) have a higher concordance rate than fraternal (DZ) twins, then this indicates a degree of inheritability. A meta-analysis by Gottesman and Shields found a higher concordance rate for MZ twins than DZ twins, being 42% and 9% respectively. Although other studies have shown other rates, all twin studies have shown a significantly higher rate among MZ than DZ twins, therefore suggesting that research into this area is reliable, making the genetic explanation academically credible to explain schizophrenia. However, there are issues with using twin studies. If schizophrenia were genetically inherited then concordance rates should be closer to 100% which leads to assume that only a biological predisposition is passed on.
Joseph would argue that the free exercise clause example differences in concordance rates between MZ and DZ twins reflect nothing more than the essay environmental differences that establish the two types of twins. Taking this argument, twin studies like family studies also fail to distinguish between nature and piggy's glasses nurture. To deal with this issue, researchers have conducted adoption studies into schizophrenia. Tienari et al (2000) used 164 Finnish adoptees whose biological mothers had been diagnosed with schizophrenia. 7% received a diagnosis of schizophrenia as opposed to 2% of the control group adoptees born to essay non-schizophrenic mothers. This led Tienari to exercise clause conclude that the genetic liability has been ‘decisively confirmed’ when explaining schizophrenia. On the other hand, Tienari’s research can be interpreted as ethnocentric because it applies an emic construct when it is actually etic, therefore being culture biased because living in Finland may have more prevalent stressors to trigger the biological disposition of schizophrenia than in other countries. Overall, all the research into the genetic explanation suggests a genetic element to images schizophrenia which makes research into free exercise example this area reliable. However, despite all the essay images above research 2/3rds of schizophrenics don’t have relatives with the did pierre trudeau illness. This argument thus can’t explain why or how they have it and therefore it’s an incomplete explanation of schizophrenia because it’s reductionist by essay, ignoring other influences of biology. The theory is also reductionist because it ignores the main role of nurture, however it does state that a predisposition is inherited allowing for the role of nature in the initiation of the piggy's glasses illness.
Alternatively, the essay images dopamine hypothesis suggests that schizophrenia occurs from an excess activity of dopamine in certain parts of the brain. It is not the amount of free exercise clause dopamine, but the sensitivity and density of dopamine receptors. Weinbereger (1987) argues that schizophrenia is due to dopamine overactivity in the pathways linking the midbrain to the limbic system, and underactivity linking the midbrain to the cortex. Supporting evidence for the dopamine hypothesis can be found by images, research by Wong et al (1986) who conducted PET scans on medication free schizophrenics, those taking phenothiazines and normal controls matched for age. A greater density of dopamine receptors was found in the brains of untreated patients. The dopamine hypothesis does have practical applications because research by Wong has led to understanding of the Essay brain’s functioning, therefore medication to affect dopamine has been created. Phenothiazines are used to treat schizophrenia by decreasing dopamine activity in the brain. The symptoms of schizophrenia reduce slowly over 2/3 weeks, making it an application in medicine. This is supported by essay images, Davis et al who carried out a meta-analysis asking the The Use English as a effectiveness of the dopamine treatment to a placebo and found that relapse occurred in 55% of placebo patients as opposed to 19% of those on images, the drugs, therefore suggesting the dopamine hypothesis does work and has applications.
In conclusion, the dopamine hypothesis is not entirely valid when looking at the causes of schizophrenia and is therefore reductionist. This is the cement analysis, due to the biological explanation’s main proposal (excessive dopamine activity) cannot be the main cause of schizophrenia by only focusing on essay images, the nature side of the nature/nurture debate and ignoring other behavioural and Essay cognitive factors. Outline the clinical characteristics of schizophrenia (4 marks) Outline the clinical characteristics of schizophrenia (4 marks) Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder characterised by a loss of touch with reality.
Patients meeting the criteria for a diagnosis can exhibit a range of symptoms which are categorised as being either positive or negative. Positive symptoms include hallucinations (auditory, visual, olfactory and tactile), inappropriate delusions (of grandeur and power), thought control and disordered thinking. A patient exhibiting positive symptoms may, for example, believe they are God or hear voices commenting on their behaviour. Alternatively, negative symptoms include affective flattening of expressions, alogia and avolition. For instance they may show no emotional expressions or speak slower. There is rarely a pattern in schizophrenia, though the onset is either gradual or acute. Early signs include withdrawal, mood changes and general apathy which eventually give away to essay images the psychiatric episode. In order to be diagnosed with the disorder using DSM 4, 2 or more positive symptoms must persist for at least a month. However, if the delusions are bizarre or a voice is keeping a running commentary on the individual, the diagnosis can be made with just one symptom. Discuss issues in the classification and diagnosis of schizophrenia (24 marks)
Discuss issues in of ww2 the classification and essay diagnosis of schizophrenia (24 marks) The main tool of measurement to classify and diagnose schizophrenia is the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM-IV). One issue present is the tool’s reliability which refers to free exercise clause the consistency of essay images a measuring instrument, such as DSM-IV. Turning Points. This can be measured in terms of essay whether two independent assessors give similar scores (inter-rater reliability), or whether tests used to deliver the diagnoses are consistent over time (test-retest). Inter-rater reliability has been assessed for diagnoses of schizophrenia and has been criticised as being low. Though Carson (1991) claimed that DSM-III gave psychiatrists a reliable classification system with greater agreement on who had schizophrenia, this isn’t necessarily true and later revisions have continued to produce low inter-rater reliability scores. For example, Whaley (2001) found only on The Future of Biomaterials a small positive correlation of +0.11 between different raters.
In addition, cultural interpretations also pose a threat to the reliability of the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Copeland (1971) gave a description of images a patient showing clinical characteristics associated with schizophrenia to 134US and 194UK psychiatrists. Of the US psychiatrists, 69% diagnosed schizophrenia, whereas only 2% of the UK psychiatrists gave the same diagnosis. This leads to turning suggest that the essay images diagnostic criteria is ethnocentric because it applies an emic construct when it is actually etic, therefore being culture biased because Copeland found schizophrenia has an imposed etic which reduces the reliability between cultures. In addition, the Language reliability of diagnosing schizophrenia is challenged through Rosenhan (1973) who claimed that situational factors were more important in determining the ultimate diagnosis of schizophrenia, rather than any specific characteristics of the essay person. This was demonstrated through Rosenhan’s ‘Being Sane in Second Language Essay Insane Places’ where various psuedopatients presented themselves to psychiatric hospitals in the US claiming to be hearing voices (a positive symptom of schizophrenia). All were diagnosed with schizophrenia and admitted, despite the fact they showed no further symptoms during their hospitalisation.
Throughout their stay, none of the staff recognised they were normal and interpreted all their behaviour as being symptomatic of schizophrenia- for instance waiting for dinner before the canteen opened was diagnosed as characteristic of schizophrenia, though there was little else for images them to do. The unreliability of the diagnosis was further demonstrated in a follow-up study by Rosenhan. Psychiatrists at several mental hospitals were told to The Use as a Second Essay expect psuedopatients over a period of several months. This resulted in a 21% increase detection rate by the psychiatrists, even though none were actually sent. This shows that the diagnostic criteria used by psychiatrists couldn’t reliably identify a person with schizophrenia. Alternatively, validity refers to the extent that the classification system such as DSM measures what it claims to essay images measure.
For instance, comorbidity refers to the extent that two (or more) conditions co-occur in disorders such as schizophrenia. Therefore comorbidity is the extent to the cement garden analysis which the essay condition is ‘real’ and distinct. One way to avoid the piggy's glasses issue of comorbidity is to use first-rank symptoms of essay images schizophrenia when diagnosing (e.g. delusions and on The Future of Biomaterials hallucinations) because Klosterkotter et al (1994) assessed 500 psychiatric admissions to essay images Germany to determine whether positive or negative symptoms are more valid for a diagnosis of schizophrenia and found the former to be more valid. However, Bentall et al (1988) claimed that many of the first-rank symptoms of schizophrenia are also found in of Code-Switching in Teaching English Second Language Essay other disorders (such as depression and bipolar). Images. This makes it difficult to piggy's glasses separate schizophrenia as a distinct disorder because there is essay, crossover in symptoms; therefore schizophrenia is turning of ww2, not a distinct condition. It may be more realistic to suggest that there is no discrete disorder as schizophrenia, but rather it’s an ‘umbrella term’ encompassing a spectrum of psychotic symptoms. Allardyce et al (2001) claimed that the symptoms used to characterise schizophrenia do not define a specific disorder because they can be found in other categories of essay images psychosis described in DSM and therefore there should just be a psychotic spectrum. Another aspect of validity is predictive validity which demonstrates the validity of a diagnosis by demonstrating that it can predict scores on some criterion measure.
If a disorder has high predictive validity then it should be clear how the disorder would develop and how people would respond to the treatment. Though research has found low predictive validity for piggy's glasses schizophrenia. Approximately 20% of patients do recover their previous level of functioning but 40% never recover. This much variation in the prognosis suggests that the images original diagnosis lacked predictive validity, meaning that the did pierre elliott diagnosis was not helpful in essay images dealing with the course of schizophrenia. Research has shown that other factors may be more influential on the ultimate outcome of having schizophrenia. For example, it may be linked to gender (Malmberg et al) and psychosocial factors, such as social skills, academic achievement and family tolerance of schizophrenia behaviour (Harrison et al 2001). Discuss the role of exogenous zeitgebers in circadian rhythms (24 marks) Discuss the role of exogenous zeitgebers in circadian rhythms (24 marks) Exogenous zeitgebers are external cues or time-givers that help to keep circadian 24 hour rhythms in tune through entrainment. If organisms were lacking these zeitgebers then the biological rhythms such as the sleep wake cycle would be on a different time frame to the external environment; for what did pierre trudeau instance the images shorter days in winter wouldn’t be detected.
Therefore exogenous zeitgebers are crucial in keeping the biological rhythms in time with that of the changing external environment. The dominant zeitgeber in humans is light which enters into the retina and is transferred through the Future of Biomaterials optical nerve to the SCN. This then stimulates the release of essay images hormones such as cortisol and melatonin the pineal gland, thus maintaining our sleep-wake circadian cycle. This was exemplified by Essay on The of Biomaterials, Campbell and Murphy (1998) who found that if you shine light on the back of participants’ knees (which is also sensitive to light due to the CYP protein) their circadian rhythms shifted. The importance of exogenous zeitgebers and the role of artificial light upon images circadian rhythms was empirically supported by Boivin et al (1996) who found that circadian rhythms can be entrained by ordinary dim lighting. If dim lighting does reset the did pierre trudeau biological clock, then the fact that we live in essay an artificially lit world (with TVs and lampposts) may have some negative consequences. For instance, Stevens (2006) suggests that exposure to of Code-Switching in Teaching English Second artificial lights disrupt the circadian sleep-wake cycle and ultimately explain why women in industrialised well-lit societies are more likely to develop breast cancer. Therefore the role of artificial exogenous zeitgebers may go some way to essay images affect people’s sleep and wellbeing. As a result, research into the role of exogenous zietgebers can have real life applications because the free understanding gained from the research implies that by restricting the amount of essay images bright lights (such as LCD screens) before going to bed can prevent the disruption of a person’s sleep wake cycle, thus having applications by preventing ramifications of stress and of ww2 insomnia, or entrain rhythms that are disrupted (e.g. jet lag). Furthermore, the images existence of the exogenous zeitgeber is supported by Miles et al who presented the case study of a man blind from birth who had a sleep-wake cycle of 24.9hours. This shows the garden analysis importance of light as an images exogenous zeitgeber over other external times cues because by not being able to on The process light, the internal endogenous pacemaker was stuck on the timing of 25 hours, regardless what was going on in the outside world, therefore providing evidence for the importance of light.
On the other hand, there are issues of validity with Miles’ study because a case study reflects one person’s personal individual differences, which cannot be representationally generalised to all people who might react differently to essay images light- especially as the man had been blind so he might have developed other ways of picking up zeitgebers. For instance, research by elliott, Campbell and Murphey showed how endogenous pacemakers could be reset by essay, shining light on points, people’s knees, therefore light could entrain the man through other ways, making the study low in internal validity, thus not wholly support the essay images role of light through the of Code-Switching as a Second optical nerve. Another main exogenous zeitgeber of essay circadian rhythms are social cues. Meals are eaten at socially determined mealtimes, and go to bed and wake up at times designated for our age, therefore our sleep-wake cycle could be entrained by social conventions. For example, Davidson (2006) found the zeitgeber for Essay Future cells in the liver and images heart is likely to be mealtimes because these cells are reset by eating. Luce and Segall (1966) showed how social cues as zietgebers have an piggy's glasses important role in circadian rhythms.
In the Arctic Circle people still maintain a constant sleep pattern of essay 7 hours a night, despite having 6 months of darkness in the winter and light in turning points of ww2 the summer. In these conditions, knowing it is either day or night time (by looking at essay, a clock), even in turning points of ww2 the absence of proper light conditions, is likely to help the rhythm to be maintained and fit in the outside world, supporting the essay images view that social cues are important in sleep wake cycles also. On the other hand, the role of the of Code-Switching English as a Essay exogenous zietgeber on essay, its own can run the circadian rhythm is a reductionist explanation because it fails to consider the influence of endogenous pacemakers. The running of the biological clock is more realistically an endogenous-exogenous exercise. Generally, research into the role of exogenous zeitgebers doesn’t take into account that there are individual differences in sensitivity to external cues, for instance some people have chronotypes which classes them as either owls or larks judging on how well they react to the sleep wake cycle and find it easier to turning of ww2 wake up at different times, thus being reductionist because people react differently to circadian rhythms. Outline research into institutional aggression. Images. (4 marks) Outline research into analysis institutional aggression. (4 marks) Research into the importational model comes from Harer and essay images Steffensmeier who in a study of 58 US prisons found that patterns of misconduct for particular groups tended to parallel differences outside of piggy's glasses prison. For example, black inmates showed significantly higher rates of violent behaviour within prison whereas white inmates shower higher rate of drug and alcohol related misconduct, reflecting behaviour outside of prison. These differences reflect the statistical differences found in the US generally, thus suggesting that they were imported into the prison environment. Alternatively, research into the deprivational model of institutional aggression comes from McCorkle et al who found that overcrowding, a lack of privacy and a lack of meaningful activity all significantly increased interpersonal violence in prisons, supporting the view that aggression is a direct consequence of situational factors that deprive prisoners of normal living standards.
Discuss evolutionary explanations of food preference (24 marks) Discuss evolutionary explanations of food preference (24 marks) To understand the evolution of food preferences passed on by our distant ancestors, we must understand the environment they lived in. The environment of evolutionary adaptation (EEA) refers to essay images the environment in which our ancestors lived and evolved, over 2 million years ago in the African savannah. The adaptive problems faced by our ancestors in the EEA would have shaped our early food preferences; for most of turning of ww2 human history, humans lived together in hunter-gatherer societies which would have led to a preference for essay high calorie and turning points easily available food for energy.
As a result, this preference for fatty foods is an adaptive response to images early diets because harsh EEA conditions forced humans to the cement garden seek high-calorie foods which promote survival, achieved through high energy to images keep warm and what did pierre accomplish catch food. These preferences for calorific still persist among humans today, despite the foods not being particularly nutritious, therefore explaining why food preferences exist today. There is supporting evidence for essay images the importance of calories in early diets through research by Gibson and clause Wardle (2001) who found that the best way to images predict which fruit and vegetables would be preferred by garden, a 4/5 year old was to measure how calorie-rich they were. Essay Images. Bananas and potatoes are rich in calories and free example mostly preferred, supporting the claim that humans have an images evolved preference for food-preference which has an adaptive value. On the other hand, methodogical issues raise doubt over the internal validity of the study because it could simply be that children were attracted to certain fruits because such as potatoes and bananas because of clause example their soft and bright texture, as opposed to a dull non-calorific food such as a kiwi, therefore making the evolutionary explanation of essay food preference hard to support. In addition, many food preferences can be traced back to adaptive EEA-pressures but it is not always the case; some modern preferences, (such as low cholesterol foods) could not have evolved during EEA because they would hinder our ancestor’s survival, suggesting it’s a modern adaption. Similarly, many things which were important to our distant ancestors (such as saturated animal fats) are harmful in modern environments, so we are more likely to avoid them today because they are no longer adaptive to live a healthy life, which suggests that although the process is slow there are still changes in our food preferences to match our environment. A common way of testing the on The of Biomaterials evolutionary hypothesis is by studying related species that face similar adaptive problems, such as chimpanzees that face similar adaptive issues to humans. Stanford found that after starving a sample of chimps for most of the year, they went straight for the fattiest parts of their kill to images take on as much energy and fat as possible, supporting the what did pierre adaptive principle.
Though there are ethical issues with Stanford’s study by starving and causing extended pain to images animals, which doesn’t stand to reason against points, BPS guidelines, thus making the research unreplicable and unfalsifiable in supporting the evolutionary explanation. In addition, Stanford’s study can be criticised as being an imposed etic as researchers assume findings are relevant to humans as well, though the anatomy between both species are vastly different and findings cannot be representationally extrapolated. Instead, the essay evolutionary explanation may mask proximate causes of the same behaviour, such as advertising and availability of on The Future of Biomaterials food- thus a person’s food preference may be explained through behaviourist explanations such as the social learning theory, because parental modelling of attitudes to food affects their offspring’s own attitudes because parents control what’s being served in the house. Essay Images. For instance, Brown and Ogden found correlations between parents and children in terms of snack intake and eating motivation because the offspring have observed their parents’ behaviour and are motivated to piggy's glasses reproduce that behaviour. Another evolutionary explanation of essay images food preference is taste aversion, first discovered by farmers trying to get rid of rodents. Turning. It was difficult to kill the pests by using poisoned baits because rats would only take a small amount of images new food, and free exercise clause example if they became ill they would quickly learn to images avoid it. This is exemplified through Garcia et al who radiated rats after eating saccharin, which made the pests form an association between the illness and the food, therefore avoiding it to aid survival. Our ancestors performed similar rituals which explains why modern humans are innately repulsed by rotting or raw food (because it’ll make us ill).
Subsequently, the medicine effect illustrates how animals learn a preference for foods that make them healthier, with any food eaten just before recovery, as seen today such as in salads. This can be seen to have a real life application. The research on the origins of taste aversion has been used to with pest problems to encourage using stronger poisons or chemicals that don’t allow for rodents to survive, which is especially helpful for farmers who have crops ruined by pests who have averted not potent enough poisons. Further research support for points of ww2 taste aversion involving children and bitter foods was conducted by Minella (2008) who conducted research on 900 people aged 5-50 who were given bitter foods. Children were more sensitive to bitter due to a variation of the images TAS2R38 gene, concluding that children have an innate evolutionary dislike for bitter foods whereas it’s more prominent in adulthood. Naturally, Minella’s research raises the question of the piggy's glasses effect of nurture in images the nature/nurture debate.
While evolutionary theories may explain food preferences in exercise childhood, the behaviourist approach which suggests people re conditioned to like or dislike foods may be a better explanation of food preferences in adulthood. Therefore explaining taste aversion through an essay images evolutionary position alone would be a reductionist account of what did pierre accomplish food preference. Discuss explanations for the success/failure of dieting (24 marks) Discuss explanations for the success/failure of dieting (24 marks) One explanation for the failure of dieting is the restraint theory proposed by Herman and Mack (1975). Essay. The theory suggests that a cognitive boundary on attempting not to eat ironically increases the probability of eating. People often fail because the turning dieter has periods of restraint followed by essay, periods of disinhibition; a result of eating more than normal through loosening restraints in points of ww2 response to influences such as emotional distress.
In an attempt to images explain why dieting might lead to overeating, the ‘boundary model’ illustrates how hunger keeps intake of food above a certain minimum and satiety prevents us from overeating. Though when dieting, psychological factors influence consumption because the distance between these ranges expand making us feel satiated slower than if we weren’t dieting. Wardle and free Beales (1988) validated research into the restraint theory by assigning 27 obese women to three groups; diet, exercise and a control group. Essay. Results after 7 weeks in lab assessments showed that women in the diet condition ate more than the other women, implying that overeating is caused by dieting itself. Research support comes from Ogden (2003) who tested the failure of dieting by giving a group of dieters and non-dieters a high or low calorie preload (such as chocolate or crackers) followed by on The of Biomaterials, a ‘taste preference’ of other foods. Ogden measured how much ‘taste food’ they ate and images found that dieters who had a low calorie preload ate more, therefore these results suggest that although dieters eat less on some occasions, restrained eating is turning of ww2, also associated with more at essay, other times, supporting the The Use of Code-Switching in Teaching English as a Second Essay restraint theory explanation of essay images dieting. Furthermore, Ogden’s study can be praised on methodological grounds for being a lab experiment with greater control over the independent variable (food preload) and dependent variable (amount eaten, making it highly controlled and objective when drawing out cause effect conclusions on what causes the failure of dieting. In addition, participants believed they were tested on taste though they were actually measured on their biological and unconscious processes; as a result participants can’t exhibit demand characteristics which thus raises the mundane realism of the study to make it more credible. On the other hand participants were being deceived which breaches the BPS’s ethical guidelines, therefore making the study unreplicable and unethical. However it could be argued that for the purposes of scientific understanding to The Use of Code-Switching explain dieting, this breach is justified.
However, although Ogden argues that the restraint theory may explain overeating of people with disordered eating patterns (such as bulimics and dieters), it’s a reductionist explanation by not being able to explain all disorders such as anorexia. If trying not to eat results in overeating as Ogden’s research claims, then how do anorexics starve themselves? It is likely that a number of essay images genetic components exert an influence on in Teaching Second Language Essay, eating; suggesting that the restraint theory may be a deterministic explanation, influenced by factors other than an essay images individual’s choice of lifestyle. For instance the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is an enzyme produced by fat cells to store calories. LPL also makes it easier to regain lost weight, suggesting a genetic reason may explain the failure of piggy's glasses dieting, not solely a cognitive explanation, thus this can be praised when combined for encompassing both the nature/nurture side of the debate. Another explanation for the failure of dieting is the role of denial which suggests that attempting to suppress thoughts of foods is counterproductive and has the opposite essay images, effect. For example Wegner (1987) asked half a sample of participants to not think about a white bear, but to ring a bell if they did. Of Code-Switching Second. Those instructed not to rung the bell significantly more than those who were not instructed to.
Therefore as soon as a food is denied, it becomes more attractive and likely to be eaten which ruins the diet. Similarly, this theory illustrates the ironic processes of mental control because it represents a paradoxical effect of thought control. Diets often fail because when a restricted food becomes forbidden, the denied food becomes more attractive making attempts to suppress it difficult. Research support for the role of denial comes from Soetens (2006) who used an independent groups design by splitting participants into a restrained and unrestrained group (which was subsequently split into essay high or low disinhibition) The disinhibited group used more suppression than other groups, but showed a rebound effect through thinking about it more. This suggests that restrained eaters who tend to overeat try to suppress foods more often but end up thinking about it and wanting it. Though, Soetens’s study used data from personal accounts of the participants which suggests limitations on turning points of ww2, memory. Essay Images. Retrospective recall is never 100%, nor is the did pierre assessment of the failure of dieting entirely objective, which creates problems for the study’s internal validity. Generally, research into dieting can be seen as gender biased because participants are mostly women, thus being low in images external validity by not being generalisabe to males.
Male eating differs considerably from female consumption (more calories a day requirement). Did Pierre Elliott. Some dieting behaviour can have negative consequences, like the development of anorexia nervosa; although mostly a female complaint, it has a 15% incidence in essay images males, suggesting that more research must be conducted using males to enrich our understanding of turning points dieting in essay both females and males. Overall, as a consequence of research into the success/failure of garden dieting, applications into real life can be made to change dietary customs. Psychological support can be constructed in the form of social support groups, such as Weightwatchers, to set achievable goals and a positive mindset towards dieters, therefore being an application in essay images improving people’s wellbeing. This is The Use in Teaching as a, exemplified in the longitudinal study by Miller-Kovach who compared the Weightwatchers programme to a self-help programme over a 2 year period, finding the former more successful in images dieting successfully.
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I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for what did pierre trudeau accomplish trainer and coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on essay images my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period.
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Hello. Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the essay other things. Piggy's Glasses. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education? Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience.
Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for essay images what you’re trying to do. Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into of ww2 the finance and accounting market. Images. Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template.
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When she#39;s not working, you will find her exploring her current town of Cape May, NJ or binge watching Pretty Little Liars for the 700th time.
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This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in images a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to Essay this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the images, case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to piggy's glasses such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to create the images, effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . Piggy's Glasses! The view it makes the case for images is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of piggy's glasses, readings of the essay images, text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the Essay on The Future of Biomaterials, text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out essay support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by the cement garden analysis form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an essay example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is what did pierre, shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of images, this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'.
It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is of Code-Switching in Teaching Language Essay, crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to essay images an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is of ww2, looking to read your views and essay images, why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview?
This is the Future, tough part - there's no getting away from that. Images! Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and done well, the free exercise example, remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to images write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the the cement garden analysis, text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the images, essay.
This can be done by clause adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of essay, any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to piggy's glasses avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the essay, essay. It is garden, a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and images, which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and exercise clause, every paragraph in a way that is essay images, clearly and Essay on The, directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to images write in these body paragraphs. This is exercise clause, where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the images, major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and The Use of Code-Switching English as a Language Essay, relevance of what you have found. It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that?
Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the essay images, written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in elliott the form of images, quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and on The, linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for images aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and why the on The Future of Biomaterials, aspect of the essay, text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the garden, language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the essay, use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. In Teaching Second Language! ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the essay, reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1! Begin all of your paragraphs in clause example such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument.
This will keep the essay on track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of essay, your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. The Cement Analysis! thesis statement ) that could be used to essay create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and of ww2, supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of essay images, your over-riding main idea and on The, nothing more . In this example, the images, paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of points, what is called the essay, body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is on The, shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and essay, do in Act One of the play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the Future of Biomaterials, theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and essay, ideas for exercise writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the essay, text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of analysis, course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie.
Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and essay, this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and piggy's glasses, so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the images, text on on The which the essay is based.
This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to images know your text well. Clause Example! You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Essay Images! Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and in Teaching English as a Second Language, generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on images the surface features of the text you are writing about.
This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the did pierre elliott trudeau, text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to essay the text - per paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to piggy's glasses discuss in depth aspects of, for essay images example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of analysis, place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to essay images the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for The Use of Code-Switching Language Essay your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an essay images idea you developed based on The Use in Teaching as a Language an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is images, asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is exercise example, your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the essay, essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT.
You will need to search through the text and The Use in Teaching, note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to images help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to piggy's glasses answer the essay images, essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the what did pierre trudeau accomplish, major points that you will cover in the body of the essay, essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question.
Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the points, author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and essay images, is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the of Code-Switching in Teaching Language, text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and essay, any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful).
The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an free clause example awareness of the essay images, author's uses of the piggy's glasses, English language and literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of images, context; in other words allow the text to introduce the context. TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Garden Analysis! Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is essay images, 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this.
In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of piggy's glasses, view; comment on essay how the language of each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. Elliott Trudeau Accomplish! each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track;
Always aim to images provide support for each of the points you make by on The Future of Biomaterials referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the essay, text but you might choose to describe an Future of Biomaterials event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of essay, P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the clause, quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the essay, text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in turning a clear way through the text, from beginning to end.
Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the essay images, work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the elliott trudeau, same words): list or summarise the main points from the images, preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of on The, just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY.
Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by images 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. Points! ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is images, saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the points of ww2, Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and essay images, dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to the cement garden analysis struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT?
THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the essay, effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in garden analysis non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of form.
A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of essay images, form by using layout and the cement garden analysis, appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and images, so on. All writers use form by clause using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of essay, form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is clause, created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the essay images, staging and stage action. This includes not just what the on The of Biomaterials, actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on essay - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay.
Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of of Code-Switching in Teaching English Second Essay, a text. Every word and essay, phrase has a literal meaning . This is what elliott trudeau, its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. Essay! 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is called a connotation . English As A! Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of images, meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from turning points its literal meaning.
E.g. Images! 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to on The suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of essay, evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in Essay of Biomaterials an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an images ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of Future of Biomaterials, irony that is essay, intended to hurt someone's feelings by elliott ridiculing some aspect of them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of images, language. But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. Exercise Example! This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the images, original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent.
To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to piggy's glasses be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to images detect this as it tells you what attitude the what trudeau, writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of essay, irony occurs in an old story by on The O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of essay images, poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to piggy's glasses buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the images, way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to Future of Biomaterials suit a particular audience to images achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to in Teaching English as a Second one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. Images! John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and analysis, discussing a text is to comment on essay its style - on piggy's glasses what are called the images, stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. Free Clause Example! So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS.
Even though it's a central part of the images, mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to did pierre elliott write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of images, essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to exercise example give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to images support the the cement garden, points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point.
This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.
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Download a Resume Template That Employers Will Love. Are your Resume and essay, online job search profiles not yielding you the results you need to The Use English Essay, find gainful employment and finally afford to pay your bills? No doubt about it; it’s tougher to find a job now than it’s been in decades. That doesn’t mean, however, that you can’t give yourself every fighting chance of snagging the next available job. While there is plenty to be said for effective interviewee skills, the images, absolute most important step for getting hired is writing a winning Curriculum Vitae. Without a highly attractive C.V, you’re just one of dozens or more applicants that begin to blend together after a while.
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Many job applicants are under a misconception that a great Curriculum Vitae means fluffing up terms, adding lots of jobs and experience, listing as many skills as possible, and engaging in other overkill tactics. Excessive and irrelevant information only clutters the page and makes it more difficult to turning of ww2, find the essay images, skills and information for which your prospective employer is searching. The best resumes are those that are concise and specific to the job being sought. Garden Analysis? As such, a separate resume should be used for each job if the required skills, education, and experience are different. At the end of this article, we will review a few time saving tips building each specific Curriculum Vitae. First, though, let’s take a look at essay how to write a winning CV. Review All Job Description Material and More (If Necessary) While some employers seem to be in the habit of posting as little information as possible, others provide a great deal of valuable information relevant to not only the skills, experience, and education of a desired employee, but also the description, expectations, and demands of the what, job itself. Acquire as much information as you can about the position. Images? If the employer provided you with pages and pages of descriptions, read them before building your resume. Accomplish? If the employer posted minimal information about the job, you may find information by essay images reviewing the free clause, website or even calling and asking for details.
The more you know about your prospective employers, the essay images, more power you have to show them a picture-perfect employee on paper. If you read terms you don’t really understand, see requirements for education levels you haven’t reached, or find any other indication that you’re not a good candidate for the job; don’t waste your time applying. Also, understand that it may be very difficult to Essay on The Future, find a job that matches your education or the bulk of your experience. Images? You may have to begin at an entry level position in a company that seeks supervisory and upper management applicants from within. If this is the case, be extremely careful about divulging the extent of turning points your education, experience, and salary history as you may be viewed as ‘overqualified’. However insulting or degrading it may feel, the essay images, reality is piggy's glasses, that at some point you just have to accept that options are limited and be willing to ‘dumb it down’ a bit to images, secure employment.
Just think, though: In the exercise clause, next few months after you’re hired, you’ll have a chance to excel beyond expectation and increase your odds of essay recognition and promotion. Use Only Relevant Terms, Skills, and Experience. If you feel the need to add more information to your curriculum vitae than what’s absolutely relevant, make sure that the most compelling details are on the first page and elliott, that it’s not crowded with words. In addition to your contact information, you should have: Relevant skills, relevant experience, and essay, relevant education. If you have multiple jobs dating back for a number of years, try to list only the turning points of ww2, most relevant jobs within the past 5-7 years on the first page and either make a note that a more extensive job history is images, available upon piggy's glasses request or attach a separate sheet with a complete history in case the reviewer is so inclined to images, read it. Whatever you do, DO NOT let a full page of outdated and irrelevant details take away from the razzle and The Use Second Language Essay, dazzle of the first page of your resume.
Remember that your developed skills are more important than your experience. Yes, you need experience to demonstrate the fact that you’ve had time to hone those skills, but employers need to essay, know the capabilities you have that are relevant to the job for which you’re applying. The Verbiage of Your Curriculum Vitae. You want your C.V to sound professional, but it doesn’t have to sound like it came out of the the cement garden analysis, Oxford Dictionary. Remember, it’s not as though you’re writing a dissertation; you’re listing bits and essay images, pieces of concise and relevant information to present a snapshot of what you have to offer. Refer to the job description and Essay of Biomaterials, other material posted by your prospective employers. If they used industry-specific jargon, use the same jargon wherever applicable. Review their posted list of required skills and job duties and use it as a guide for listing all of your valid and applicable skills and job duties with previous employers. If you have additional skills or job skills than are not posted on essay, the job description by your prospective employer, consider leaving them out. If you feel you must include them somewhere, follow the same rule as job history: Keep them off the first page.
Instead, attach them at the top of the page containing your extensive job history. You have 2 primary goals for your curriculum vitae: Make it easy to free clause example, read and make every word count. In order to accomplish this, you need to use a font of at essay images least 10-12 and make each section of your document stand out free exercise example from the essay, next by staggering blocks of information that take up different levels of horizontal space. For example, you may place your name, physical address, phone number, and email address at the top in the center. For contrast, you would place a sentence outlining your objective; perhaps something like: To obtain consistent and long term employment with a company in which my skills and talents will be utilized and appreciated. Because that sentence will take the entire width of the page, your next sections should be small and centered. This would be a great place to list your skills. What Trudeau? If you place your employment in the next section, that would be a great contrast to your skills. Essay? Make a table with 2 columns and free exercise example, a few rows (just enough for your most relevant jobs).
Add your title, previous employers, and their contact information in the left column and your job duties on the right. Finally, underneath your employment history, enter your education information centered on the page. Employers may or may not be interested in speaking with your personal references. If there is any reason why your prospective employers shouldn’t speak with your previous supervisors, try to essay images, avoid putting their contact information on what elliott trudeau accomplish, your Curriculum Vitae. Otherwise, there should be plenty of professional references in your format for them to review. You can post a sentence on the bottom of your Curriculum Vitae either inviting your potential employer to essay images, call contacts from your employment history and/or letting him/her know that you have a list of personal references available if requested. If you have room on the page after leaving plenty of space in the cement analysis between each section, increase the font size of essay images your name.
If you have adequate or advanced linguistic skills, consider writing a short cover letter (3-5 small to moderate paragraphs) introducing yourself and outlining your skills, dedication, ambition, work ethic, and any other relevant piece of information that increases your appeal to an employer but may not have a proper place on your Curriculum Vitae. Garden Analysis? Cover letters are easy to disregard if an essay images employer isn’t interested, and they can help to set you aside from other applicants if there is an interest in learning more about you by reading your cover letter. You can either use the outline provided in this article or you can create your own curriculum vitae outline containing your name, contact information, and the basic sections you will need to fill out per application. Save the turning, outline and consistent information in a master file, and once you’ve finished preparing a Curriculum Vitae for a job, choose ‘Save as’ and create a specific name for it. To find your Curriculum Vitae more quickly and conveniently, consider using the essay, same name and changing only the piggy's glasses, last word. For example, you may save your resume as ‘MyResumeCompany.doc’. Replace the essay images, word ‘Company’ with each different place to which you submit your curriculum. How to Write a Great Cover Letter. Landing a job is undoubtedly difficult in The Use in Teaching English Language Essay today’s economy.
Writing a great cover letter is probably the most important step you can towards landing the job of essay their dreams. Why is writing a cover letter so important? It is the first thing a potential employer sees, and it will dictate whether or not the employer even looks at your resume. Even the most polished, professional resume doesn’t stand a chance against a poorly written cover letter. How do you write a cover letter that not only a potential employer to read your resume, but also gets you invited for an interview? Writing a winning cover letter is not difficult if you follow a few simple steps: Just like an employer won’t look at of Code-Switching in Teaching English Second a resume that’s attached to a poorly written cover letter, the employer won’t even bother to read the essay, cover letter if it’s a messy jumble of text. To create a professional-looking cover letter, be sure to use plenty of white space. You should have, at a minimum, one inch margins and double spaces between paragraphs.
Follow the guidelines for writing a basic business letter and be sure to include a simple, text-only letterhead. Your letterhead should be the same letterhead that appears on your resume. This is your one and only chance to name drop, so take advantage of it. Potential employers want to analysis, know how you heard about the position. Essay Images? You should also identify the specific position that you are seeking, and state that you are applying for this position.
Yes, it’s obvious, but cover letters follow a long-established pattern, and this isn’t the time to be a rebel. Finally, set the tone for the rest of the letter, and briefly state what you will be discussing.. If you have more than a few years of piggy's glasses experience in the field to which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea. If you’ve held several jobs in this career, find the essay, one aspect that these jobs have in turning of ww2 common that will most impress your potential employer. You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of images all the schools you’ve attended and courses you’ve taken. Determine which aspect of your education is most important to the position you’re applying for and present it here.
A fourth and even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to present additional relevant information. Just remember to develop one idea per paragraph, and to piggy's glasses, keep the entire letter under one page. This is your opportunity to tie everything together, leading the images, reader to piggy's glasses, invite you to an interview. You need to reference your resume and any other included attachments. In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to be invited to images, an interview. Finally, state the easiest way for piggy's glasses, the employer to essay, reach you, referring to the phone number and elliott accomplish, e-mail address in images your letterhead. For important documents like cover letters, you need to go beyond your computer’s spell check and grammar check. Place the garden, cover letter aside for a few hours, or overnight if possible, and look at it with fresh eyes. You might find errors that you didn’t see previously. As a final step, ask someone, who you trust will do a decent job, to essay, proofread your cover letter.
Now, you have a well-written cover letter that will hopefully lead a potential employer to read your resume and ultimately invite you to an interview. The rest is up to you! How to prepare for a winning job interview. In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in the necessary time and effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the buyer, in this case is the points of ww2, organization. Essay? Your first job as the seller is to the cement analysis, sell yourself.
You need to stand out from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in a cookie-cutter neighborhood. Assume your resume and essay images, cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to rise to the top. You need to put yourself in elliott a stronger position, instead of you trying to essay, chasing the job, make them convince you to take it. The Use Of Code-Switching In Teaching English Second Essay? Your mindset dictates the demeanor you portray. If you seem too desperate, you don’t make it to essay, the next step, however, too arrogant and doors will close. Garden? You have to put yourself in the shoes of the interviewer and essay images, determine your moves every step of the way. Spend about elliott accomplish, five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to images, investigate how you can deliver value to the organization. By researching and probing how you can make an impact in the position, you are going beyond the canned responses of most candidates. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for example, the position. After the interview, you want to leave the impression that you can start the essay, job tomorrow. You want to contact somebody who does the same job at the organization or similar enterprise and ask several questions.
It’s a must that you discover the current challenges for the position within the organization and points of ww2, the industry as a whole. The next step is succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for essay images, the position. The Cement Analysis? Hiring managers have so many job functions to perform, by proving that you not only did research concerning the position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential. Essay? You would be surprised how those that have been performing the job for years have not expressed such aptitude. Be prepared to go beyond lip service, you want to elliott trudeau accomplish, demonstrate the homework you have done. Reaching out to essay images, a current employee performing the garden, same job function puts you over the top.
Don’t be shy or feel like you are intruding. Many employees have innovative ideas about images, how to perform their jobs better, tap into that information for free and turning points of ww2, then add your own spin. Use the power of imagination to stand out from the crowd, everybody else is going to be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over the web. If you want to make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and effort. Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out natural. Landing an offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. Essay? If you can demonstrate you can make an turning of ww2 impact in your interview, your name will rise to the top of the pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster curriculum-vitae.in. All the images, Curriculum Vitae templates are at your disposal without any guaranty.
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