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Assistant Human Resources Officer (Naf), Nf-04. West Point , NY 10996. Summary The Area of peace, Consideration for this vacancy announcement is Worldwide. Value Chain Model! . This position is located at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. Located in a seperate peace theme, the scenic Hudson River Valley, only 50 miles from taming shrew kate, New York City, the U.S.

Military Academy at a seperate theme West Point is a four-year academic institution, a nationally-renowned historic site, and the oldest continuously occupied military post in America. West Point's 3,000 civilian employees have access to Eisenhower Hall Theatre, the Hudson Valley's premier performing arts center, and taming of the shrew recreational facilities such as an 18-hole Golf Course and Ski Slope. Learn more about this agency. 1.Plans work to peace be accomplished by subordinates based on priorities. 2. Provides guidance, advice and assistance to From The Mekong managers, employees, and peace theme candidates for Girls Justice Essay, employment on a full range of services such as NAF human resources policies, administrative regulations, employee rights and services.

3. A Seperate! Gives advice, counsel, instruction and training to subordinates on administrative and technical matters pertaining to NAF human resources administration 4. Audits subordinate work and existing records to ensure compliance with Army regulation and identifies developmental and training needs of subordinates, providing for and arranging for chartered, needed development and training. 5. Peace! Effects minor disciplinary issues, such as counseling's, warnings and recommends further action to NAF HRO as needed. Travel Required Occasional travel. You may be expected to travel for bank pk online, this position. 4 ### Who May Apply. This job is open to US Citizens and Non. -Citizens Questions? This job is a seperate theme open to 1 group. * #### Job family (Series) 0201 Human Resources Management. Direct Deposit and chain Social Security Card is required. Meet qualification/eligibility/background requirements for this position. Satisfactorily complete an employment verification (E-Verify) check * A one year probationary period may be required.

Occasional travel for a seperate theme, training purposes to off post locations is required. Death! If selected, a completed and signed copy of our job application form (DA Form 3433) is required prior to entrance on duty. (Click hereto view form or copy this URL: www.apd.army.mil/pub/eforms/DRa/pdf/A3433Final.pdf ). 2. Peace! This is a CHRA NAF Career Path III position. Incumbent must complete the requirements for CHRA NAF Career Path III within twenty-four (24) months of placement into the position. Quality Of Relationship! 1.Possess twenty-four (24) months of work experience in a federal human resources office or equivalent which demonstrates knowledge of at least two of the following functional human resources competencies: Staffing Recruitment, Position Classification, Management Employee Relations, Labor Relations, or Training. A Seperate Peace Theme! The related work experience must have been equivalent in difficulty and complexity to no lower than the NF-04 pay band 2. Experience analyzing, evaluating and recommending appropriate resolutions to complex interrelated Human Resources problems and issues. 3. Standard Bank! Possess prior experience using Microsoft Office Programs (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook) 4. Ability to work with a variety of human resources information systems. Theme! : In addition to chain model above minimum qualification requirements, applicants will possess twenty-four (24) months of prior work experience in a NAF Human Resources Office and have completed core HR training requirements such as staffing, labor relations, MER, Classification, . Theme! etc. and supervisory/leader development courses. Note for Internal and External Applicants: Human Resources competencies noted above must be clearly identified on chartered, you resume. In order to receive full consideration for highly preferred criteria professional development, leadership and HR training must be reflected on the resume; and applicable supporting documentation (training certificates, completed training history, HR certification, . etc.) must be included with the application.. Applicants that fail to peace provide the necessary documentation (or list completed courses and/or trainings on their resume) will not be considered Highly Preferred. ### Education. Meaning! Additional selections may be made from this vacancy announcement for up to 90 days after the a seperate peace theme, closing date.

Payment Permanent Change of Station (PCS) costs are authorized, based on a determination that a PCS move is in Tales From The Mekong Essay, the Government interest. Please check out our Applicant Information Kit to view additional information you may find useful when applying for our jobs. (Click hereto view kit or copy this URL: www.armycivilianservice.com/JOA/NAFApplicantInformationKit.pdf) Read more. How You Will Be Evaluated You will be evaluated for this job based on how well you meet the qualifications above. . Candidates will be rated against Highly Preferred criteria first. Applicants can claim the a seperate theme, following eligibilities: * NAF Priority Consideration. Business Based Action * NAF Priority Consideration.

Current Appropriated Funds Employee CNE (APF) * NAF Priority Consideration. Current/Former NAF Employee (CNE/FNE) * NAF Priority Consideration. Outside Applicant Veteran (OAV) * NAF Priority Consideration. Girls Juvenile! Spouse/Widow/Parent of Veteran (OAV) Read more. Peace Theme! Background checks and security clearance.

Background Investigation Required Documents Help. The following documents must be submitted with your application: * Resume Optional: Our Job Application (DA Form 3433) will accepted in place of a Resume. Quality In Homecare Essay! Click hereto view form or copy this URL into your browser: www.apd.army.mil/pub/eforms/DRa/pdf/A3433Final.pdf ) The below items are accepted and may be needed to support a qualification and/or a claimed priority consideration: * Cover Letter * DD-214 * Career Path Certification if applicable. If you are relying on your education to meet qualification requirements: Education must be accredited by an accrediting institution recognized by the U.S. Department of Education in order for it to be credited towards qualifications. A Seperate Theme! Therefore, provide only the attendance and/or degrees from schools accredited by accrediting institutions recognized by the U.S. Department of Education. Failure to provide all of the required information as stated in this vacancy announcement may result in chrysanthemum meaning death, an ineligible rating or may affect the overall rating. .S. Government provides employees with a comprehensive benefits package. As a federal employee, you and theme your family will have access to quality of relationship in homecare Essay a range of theme, benefits that are designed to chain model make your federal career very rewarding. A Seperate Peace! Benefits for federal employees.

Pay and leave http://www.armycivilianservice.com/JOA/NAFApplicantInformationKit.pdf Eligibility for value model, benefits depends on the type of position you hold and whether your position is full-time, part-time, or intermittent. Contact the hiring agency for a seperate theme, more information on the specific benefits offered. How to taming of the shrew kate Apply Help. How to peace theme Apply You may submit your application package using one of the two methods identified below: Electronically (preferred) at https://www.usajobs.gov/ and search for Vacancy Identification Number (VIN) 2. Manually : A manual application can be obtained by contacting the Girls in The Juvenile Justice System Essay, servicing NAF Human Resources Office listed on this vacancy announcement. Peace! If you would like to apply manually, please contact the servicing NAF Human Resources (HRO) listed on this job announcement to request a copy of the manual application form. All completed manual application forms (along with resume and other supporting documentation) must be received no later than 11:00 A.M on the closing date of this announcement in order to process your application in a timely manner. Tales From The Mekong Essay! Neglecting to respond to the job related questions will result in an ineligible rating. A Seperate Peace! Read more. West Point NAF Human Resources Office. 845-938-2822 ##### Email wpnafresumes@usma.edu. -NAF-W6D217 USARMY CIV PERSONNEL ADVISORY CENTER DO NOT MAIL West Point, NY US Learn more about this agency.

Next steps Your resume will be reviewed to taming of the shrew kate verify that qualification requirements have been met. Peace Theme! . We appreciate your interest in this position! Read more. Transparent The Federal hiring process is setup to be fair and value model transparent. Please read the following guidance. Equal Employment Opportunity Policy The United States Government does not discriminate in employment on the basis of a seperate peace, race. , color, religion, sex (including pregnancy and gender identity), national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, marital status, disability, genetic information, age, membership in an employee organization, retaliation, parental status, military service, or other non-merit factor. Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) office at The Mekong Delta OPM * Office of Equal Opportunity Read more. Reasonable Accommodation Policy Federal agencies must provide reasonable accommodation to applicants with disabilities where appropriate. . Applicants requiring reasonable accommodation for any part of the application and hiring process should contact the hiring agency directly. Determinations on requests for a seperate, reasonable accommodation will be made on a case-by-case basis.

A reasonable accommodation is bank pk online any change to a job, the work environment, or the way things are usually done that enables an individual with a disability to apply for a job, perform job duties or receive equal access to job benefits. Under the peace, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, federal agencies must provide reasonable accommodations when: An applicant with a disability needs an accommodation to have an equal opportunity to From The Mekong Delta Essay apply for a job. An employee with a disability needs an accommodation to perform the peace theme, essential job duties or to gain access to the workplace. An employee with a disability needs an accommodation to receive equal access to benefits, such as details, training, and office-sponsored events. Taming Kate! You can request a reasonable accommodation at any time during the a seperate, application or hiring process or while on the job.

Requests are considered on a case-by-case basis. Learn more about disability employment and reasonable accommodations or how to contact an agency. Taming Shrew! Read more. Social security number request. Signature and false statements. New employee probationary period This job originated on a seperate theme, www.usajobs.gov. Death! For the theme, full announcement and to apply, visit www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/479447400. Only resumes submitted according to in The Justice Essay the instructions on the job announcement listed at www.usajobs.gov will be considered. Open closing dates: 09/14/2017 to peace theme 09/27/2017 Salary: $82,304 to $87,791 per year NAF pay setting rules apply to current NAF employees Pay scale grade: NF 4 Work schedule: Full-Time Appointment type: Permanent. Create a job alert for Assistant Human Resources Officer (Naf), Nf-04 at West Point, NY.

Great! You#39;ll now receive job alerts for taming of the shrew, Assistant Human Resources Officer (Naf), Nf-04 at West Point, NY. Create a job alert for peace, Assistant Human Resources Officer (Naf), Nf-04 at West Point, NY. Recreation Assistant (Facilities Operator) Nf02. U.S. Military Academy. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/4/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-02T00:00 * Duties Help ## Duties ### Summary The Area of standard bank, Consideration for peace, this vacancy announcement is for Citizens and Non-Citizens within the local commuting area of West Point, NY.

This area is defined as: Orange, Rockland, Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess, Ulster, and Sullivan counties. (Military Spouses moving to the area within 30 days from the closing date of this announcement and standard pk online Involuntarily Separated Military (ISM) members claiming ISM Preference are included in this area of consideration.) **Initial Cut-Off Date:** Monday, July 31st, 2017 (Applications must be received by 11:59 PM EST) Applications received by a seperate the Initial Cut-Off Date will be reviewed and possibly referred to the Selecting Official PRIOR to the Closing Date of this Vacancy Announcement. Subsequent referrals to the hiring manager will occur as additional vacancies become available. Chain! The mission of the Army Athletic Association is to provide an extraordinary Division I Athletic experience that develops leaders of character committed to the values of Duty, Honor, Country. Located in the scenic Hudson River valley, only 50 miles from theme, New York City, the U.S. Military Academy at West Point is a four-year academic institution, a nationally-renowned historic site, and the oldest continuously occupied military post in America. West Point#39;s 3,000 civilian employees have access to Eisenhower Hall Theatre, the Hudson Valley#39;s premier performing arts center, and recreational facilities such as an 18-hole Golf Course and Ski Slope.

Learn more about this agency ### Responsibilities * Job requires work in Tales The Mekong Delta, various facilities depending on peace theme, requirements as determined by customer demand or programmed activities. * Arranges furniture and equipment for various types and Girls in The Juvenile Justice System sizes of Sporting events, Banquets, Ceremonies; puts up and takes down special event decorations. * Cleans recreation equipment, supplies and facility area. Operates equipment and performs self-help maintenance on facilities and equipment. * Prepares work order for maintenance which cannot be completed by self-help. A Seperate! * Policies interior and exterior areas of building and grounds and kate performs general housekeeping to make facilities/playing fields/pools/outdoor courts ready for use. A Seperate Peace Theme! ### Travel Required Not required ##### Supervisory status No ##### Promotion Potential 2 ### Who May Apply #### This job is open to… US Citizens and Non-Citizens Questions? This job is open to 1 group. * #### Job family (Series) 0189 Recreation Aid And Assistant * Requirements Help ## Requirements ### Conditions of quality, Employment * Direct Deposit and Social Security Card is required * Meet qualification/eligibility/background requirements for this position * Satisfactorily complete an peace theme, employment verification (E-Verify) check * A one year probationary period may be required ***Conditions of Employment:*** 1. If selected, a completed and signed copy of our job application form (DA Form 3433) is required prior to entrance on duty. (Click hereto view form). 2. Medical Examination is required. 3. Must be available to work evenings, weekends and standard chartered pk online holidays. ### Qualifications **Minimally Qualified candidates will possess the following:** * Experience cleaning equipment, supplies and facility area i.e. performing general housekeeping to make facilities, playing fields and outdoor courts ready for use. * Experience checking and preparing equipment for peace, issue to customers and monitoring the Girls in The Juvenile, proper usage. * Experience monitoring inventory and the condition of the items on hand. * Possess and have the ability to maintain a valid driver#39;s license. **PLEASE NOTE: Your resume must reflect the qualifications stated in the announcement and questionnaire to peace be rated eligible.** ### Education ### Additional information * Additional selections may be made from this vacancy announcement for meaning, up to theme 90 days after the value chain, closing date. * Payment Permanent Change of Station (PCS) costs is a seperate not authorized, based on a determination that a PCS move is not in the Government interest. * Please check out our Applicant Information Kit to view additional information you may find useful when applying for our jobs. * Applications are valid for Juvenile Justice, 90 days after submission date. Applicants will be referred to selecting officials as additional vacancies occur. Read more ### How You Will Be Evaluated You will be evaluated for this job based on how well you meet the theme, qualifications above. Applicants can claim the following eligibilities: * NAF - Reasonbable Accommodation * NAF Preference - Involuntarily Separated From the Military * NAF Preference - Spouse Employment Preference (SEP) * NAF Priority Consideration - Business Based Action * NAF Priority Consideration - Current Appropriated Funds Employee CNE (APF) * NAF Priority Consideration - Current/Former NAF Employee (CNE/FNE) * NAF Priority Consideration - Outside Applicant Veteran (OAV) * NAF Priority Consideration - Spouse/Widow/Parent of Veteran (OAV) Read more ### Background checks and shrew kate security clearance ##### Security clearance Not Applicable * Required Documents Help ## Required Documents **The following documents must be submitted with your application:** * Resume **Optional:** Our Job Application (DA Form 3433) will accepted in peace, place of a Resume ***The below items are accepted and may be needed to taming of the support a qualification and/or a claimed priority/preference:*** * Cover Letter * DD-214 * DA 3433, DA 3434, Military Permanent Change of Station Orders, Marriage Certificate * Resume * SF-50 #### If you are relying on your education to meet qualification requirements: Education must be accredited by an accrediting institution recognized by the U.S.

Department of Education in order for it to be credited towards qualifications. Therefore, provide only the attendance and/or degrees from schools accredited by a seperate accrediting institutions recognized by quality of relationship in homecare the U.S. Department of Education. Failure to theme provide all of the required information as stated in this vacancy announcement may result in chartered bank pk online, an ineligible rating or may affect the overall rating. * Benefits Help ## Benefits A career with the peace theme, U.S. Government provides employees with a comprehensive benefits package. As a federal employee, you and your family will have access to a range of From The Mekong, benefits that are designed to theme make your federal career very rewarding. Of The Shrew! * Benefits for federal employees * Healthcare insurance * Pay and leave http://www.armycivilianservice.com/JOA/NAFApplicantInformationKit.pdf Eligibility for a seperate theme, benefits depends on the type of position you hold and whether your position is full-time, part-time, or intermittent.

Contact the in The Juvenile Justice System, hiring agency for more information on the specific benefits offered. * How to Apply Help ## How to Apply You may submit your application package using one of the peace theme, two methods identified below: 1. **Electronically** (preferred) at https://www.usajobs.gov/ and search for Vacancy Identification Number (VIN) 2. **Manually**: A manual application can be obtained by contacting the servicing NAF Human Resources Office listed on this vacancy announcement. * If you would like to standard chartered bank pk online apply manually, please contact the a seperate peace theme, servicing NAF Human Resources (HRO) listed on quality of relationship, this job announcement to a seperate peace theme request a copy of the manual application form. * All completed manual application forms (along with resume and other supporting documentation) must be received no later than 3:00 PM on the closing date of this announcement in order to process your application in a timely manner. **If applying manually, please bring your application package to the West Point NAF Civilian Personnel Advisory Center (CPAC) located at:** 626 Swift Road West Point, New York 10996 Monday thru Friday (not open on Federal Holidays) between the Girls in The Justice System Essay, hours of 8:30 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. and NO LATER THAN 3:00 p.m. on a seperate, the closing date of the announcement. Taming Kate! ****Please note, that West Point has a restricted access policy and peace any person who chooses to personally deliver an application to Delta Essay the CPAC should bring along at peace least one photo identification and report to the West Point Visitor Center at least 30 minutes prior to attempting to visit the CPAC**** ***Neglecting to respond to the job related questions will result in an ineligible rating.*** Read more ### Agency contact information ### West Point NAF Human Resources Office ##### Phone 845-938-2822 ##### Email wpnafresumes@usma.edu ##### Address BR-NAF-W1FBAA US MILITARY ACADEMY DO NOT MAIL West Point, NY US Learn more about this agency ### Next steps We appreciate your interest in Girls in The System Essay, this position! Read more * Fair Transparent ## Fair Transparent The Federal hiring process is setup to be fair and transparent. Please read the following guidance. ### Equal Employment Opportunity Policy The United States Government does not discriminate in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy and gender identity), national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, marital status, disability, genetic information, age, membership in an employee organization, retaliation, parental status, military service, or other non-merit factor. * Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) office at a seperate peace theme OPM * Office of Equal Opportunity Read more ### Reasonable Accommodation Policy Federal agencies must provide reasonable accommodation to applicants with disabilities where appropriate. Applicants requiring reasonable accommodation for pk online, any part of the application and hiring process should contact the hiring agency directly. A Seperate Peace! Determinations on requests for reasonable accommodation will be made on a case-by-case basis. In The Justice Essay! A reasonable accommodation is a seperate peace any change to a job, the work environment, or the taming kate, way things are usually done that enables an individual with a disability to apply for a job, perform job duties or receive equal access to job benefits. Under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, federal agencies must provide reasonable accommodations when: * An applicant with a disability needs an accommodation to peace theme have an equal opportunity to apply for a job. * An employee with a disability needs an accommodation to perform the essential job duties or to gain access to the workplace. * An employee with a disability needs an accommodation to quality of relationship Essay receive equal access to benefits, such as details, training, and theme office-sponsored events.

You can request a reasonable accommodation at of relationship in homecare any time during the application or hiring process or while on the job. Requests are considered on a seperate peace, a case-by-case basis. Learn more about pk online disability employment and reasonable accommodations or how to contact an agency. A Seperate! Read more #### Legal and regulatory guidance * Financial suitability * Social security number request * Privacy Act * Signature and false statements * Selective Service * New employee probationary period This job originated on www.usajobs.gov. For the full announcement and to apply, visit www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/474602200. Only resumes submitted according to the instructions on the job announcement listed at www.usajobs.gov will be considered. Chrysanthemum Death! *Open closing dates:* 07/17/2017 to 12/27/2017 *Salary:* $11.65 to $16 per hour *Pay scale grade:* NF 2 *Work schedule:* Intermittent *Appointment type:* Intermittent U.S. A Seperate! Military Academy West Point NY. Department Of Defense Education Activity. Posted 2 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/3/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-01T00:00 Duties Summary Mission Statement DoDEA, through its Community Strategic Plan has made a commitment to standard bank be among the a seperate peace theme, world#39;s leaders in Justice Essay, education, enriching the lives of military- connected students and the communities in which they live.

The mission to educate, engage and empower each student to succeed in a dynamic world is achieved through its five strategic goals of a seperate, Student, School, Talent, Organization, and Outreach Excellence. DoDEA is of the shrew kate a major Department of a seperate peace theme, Defense (DoD) Field Activity with worldwide scope. DoDEA plans, directs, coordinates, and manages the education programs for DoD dependents. DoDEA consists of three regions, DoDEA Americas, DoDEA Europe, and DoDEA Pacific and a total of eight school districts located overseas and in shrew kate, the U.S. and its territories. DoDEA provides education to peace theme eligible DoD military and civilian dependents from pre-kindergarten through grade 12. Tales Essay! Visit our website at for more information! If you are applying through Merit procedures, the following information applies to you: All current and former Federal employees must submit a copy of a seperate, your latest SF-50 showing your tenure, grade and step, and type of position occupied (i.e., Excepted or Competitive). WHO MAY BE CONSIDERED: This announcement is open to:Current or Former Permanent Civilian Federal Employees in the Competitive Service; Displaced employees (Interagency Career Transition Assistance Plan - ICTAP eligible) within the Local Commuting Area; and Girls Justice System Essay individuals eligible for the following Special Appointing Authorities approved by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM): Veterans with a disability rating of a seperate, 30% or more, Veterans Employment Opportunities Act (VEOA) Eligible Veterans and Individuals with Disabilities. (Click on the links for more information regarding eligibility for Girls in The System, these special appointment authorities: or .) If you are applying through Delegated Examining Unit (DEU) procedures, the following information applies to you: WHO MAY BE CONSIDERED: This announcement is open to: All U.S. Citizens Responsibilities PLEASE NOTE: Applicants who currently hold federal excepted service appointments are Outside the Area of peace theme, Consideration for the Merit.

You must apply on the DEU for consideration. As a Administrative Officer you will be responsible for the following duties: Plan, manage, direct, and coordinate budget formulation, analysis, and execution. Manage manpower support for the School and directs the review of on board strength against Girls in The Juvenile Justice System, work years and authorizations and assures full coordination with Headquarters. Oversees the civilian personnel actions for a seperate theme, the school, coordinate Requests for Personnel Action (RPA#39;s), provide technical advice and assistance to Principal on value chain, filling positions, developing new position descriptions, and related issues. Administer the student registration, student attendance, academic records maintenance, tuition status, and other related processes. Work directly with the Student Meal Program and coordinates District Wellness Plan.

Perform property management and accountability and theme central purchase of equipment, as well as central forms and supply management. Standard Bank! Direct the a seperate peace theme, preparation of reports, to include monthly strength reporting as well as other special reports for customers, the headquarters, or school management. Manage the operation of the chrysanthemum, mail and file function for the school. Peace Theme! Manage the provision of other management analysis services, to include space management, management controls reviews and studies, quality and productivity improvement, facilities maintenance and meaning repair, and support agreement programs. Travel Required Occasional travel - Travel May Be Required Supervisory status Yes Promotion Potential 11 Who May Apply This job is open to US Citizens and Status Candidates Job family (Series) Requirements Conditions of Employment Must be a U.S. Citizen. Application materials must be received by 11:59PM EST on the closing date. WORK SCHEDULE: Full Time OVERTIME: Occasionally TOUR OF DUTY: Flexible RECRUITMENT INCENTIVES: Not Authorized FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT (FLSA): Exempt FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: Not Required TELEWORK ELIGIBILITY: This position is not telework eligible SELECTIVE SERVICE REQUIREMENT: Please visit for more information.

Please review the General Application Information and Definitions at: Other Notes: Delegated Examining -This announcement may be used to theme fill additional vacancies. Applicants selected from Tales The Mekong Delta Essay, this announcement may be required to serve a two-year probationary period. Applicants selected from this announcement may be required to serve a one-year supervisory probationary period. Position is designated Non-Critical Sensitive. Access to National Agency Check with Inquiries (ANACI) investigation is required. All applicants must meet qualifications and eligibility criteria by the closing date of the announcement.

Qualifications The experience described in your resume will be evaluated and screened from the Office of Personnel Management#39;s (OPMs) basic qualifications requirements. Peace! See: for OPM qualification standards, competencies and death specialized experience needed to perform the duties of the position as described in the MAJOR DUTIES and QUALIFICATIONS sections of this announcement by Thursday, October 12, 2017. You must have one year Specialized Experience equivalent to the GS-09 level in the Federal service (experience may have been gained in the private/military sector) giving the particular knowledge, skills and abilities to perform successfully the duties of the position, and that is typically in or related to the work of the position. A Seperate! Experience must be reflected in quality of relationship Essay, your resume. Specialized experience required for this position is: Performing administrative functions using a variety of Microsoft Suite applications (For example, Outlook, Excel, PowerPoint, etc.). Serving as POC for a seperate peace, purchasing/procurement of equipment, services, office supplies and products.

Reconciling purchase card orders and maintains records of expenditures. Performing a variety of shrew, administrative services related to managing and peace tracking Personnel Actions, Facility Repairs and Maintenance, transportation, upgrades and/or replacements. Planning, managing, directing, and meaning coordinating budget formulation, analysis, and execution. Developing methods and procedures for the execution of administrative support functions or program operations. Specifically you will be evaluated on the following competencies: Knowledge of management and organizational techniques systems and a seperate peace theme procedures Skill in evaluating and recommending ways to improve the of relationship, utilization of available resources Ability to effectively communicate orally and in a seperate, writing Skill in applying analytical techniques and evaluative methods Time-in-Grade Requirements: Federal employees must meet time-in-grade requirements for merit promotion consideration. Time-in-grade is the 52-week requirement Federal employees in competitive service, General Schedule (GS) positions at Girls System GS-5 and above must serve before they are eligible for promotion (advancement) to the next grade level. Applicants must meet the theme, time-in-grade requirement within 30 days of the closing of Essay, this announcement and all other eligibility requirements including, time-after-competitive appointment, minimum qualifications, and any other regulatory requirements by the closing date of this announcement: Thursday, October 12, 2017 Education If substituting education for experience at the GS-11 level, you must possess a Ph.D. or equivalent doctoral degree or 3 full years of progressively higher graduate education leading to such a degree, OR LL.M., if related. A Seperate! If substituting or combining education for meaning, experience, transcripts MUST be provided. Failure to provide transcripts will result in a seperate peace theme, you being rated ineligible for quality Essay, this position. A Seperate Theme! Foreign Education: For further information, click on the following link: Additional information Please review the General Application Information and Definitions at: *NOTE: If you submit a resume but no questionnaire, you cannot be considered for the position. If you submit a questionnaire but no resume, you cannot be considered for the position.

Your application will be appropriately documented and you will be removed from further competition against this announcement. *NOTE: Declining to be interviewed or failure to taming shrew report for a scheduled interview will be considered as a declination for further consideration for employment against this vacancy. How You Will Be Evaluated You will be evaluated for this job based on a seperate, how well you meet the qualifications above. Tales Delta Essay! How You Will Be Evaluated Please review the General Application Information and Definitions at: Best Qualified: This highest category will be used for those candidates who possess the peace theme, type and quality of experience that substantially exceeds the minimum qualifications of the Girls Juvenile Justice System, position, including any selective placement factors and/or appropriate quality ranking factor(s), as determined by the job analysis. Highly Qualified: This higher category will be used for peace theme, those candidates who possess the type and quality of experience that exceed the minimum qualifications of the position, as determined by Juvenile Essay the job analysis. Qualified: This lowest category will be used for those candidates that meet the minimum qualifications of the a seperate peace, position and are proficient in Girls Juvenile System, some, but not all, of the requirements of the peace, position. Candidates may require extensive training and/or orientation in order to satisfactorily perform the duties of the Tales From The Mekong Essay, position. Names of the candidates in the Best Qualified category will be sent first to the hiring manager for employment consideration. Applicants in other categories will be referred in peace, accordance with category rating procedures.

Background checks and chain security clearance Security clearance Required Documents Please review the General Application Information and Definitions at: Resume: If multiple resumes are submitted by an applicant, only the last resume submitted will be reviewed for the qualifications and referred for selection consideration if eligible. Assessment Questionnaire Employees Serviced by DLA: Civilian Federal employees who receive human resources servicing through the Defense Logistics Agency DO NOT need to submit supporting documentation if applying through merit promotion. Peace! Your record in Electronic Official Personnel Folder (eOPF) will be used to verify your eligibility. It is your responsibility to ensure the required documents are in your eOPF for verification purposes. If your documents are not in standard chartered bank pk online, eOPF, you must submit them to a seperate theme the announcement you are applying for at time of application. Meaning! Failure to submit all of the documents on time will result in peace, automatic disqualification. Additional documents you may be required to submit vary based on what authority you are using to apply (i.e., applying for one of the of the, categories such as a veteran, a current or former permanent Federal employee, ICTAP, etc.). PLEASE REVIEW the following LINK for additional documents you need to provide.

If selected, additional documentation may be required prior to a seperate theme appointment. If you are relying on your education to meet qualification requirements: Education must be accredited by an accrediting institution recognized by the U.S. Department of Education in order for chartered pk online, it to be credited towards qualifications. Therefore, provide only the attendance and/or degrees from . Peace Theme! Failure to chain model provide all of the required information as stated in this vacancy announcement may result in an ineligible rating or may affect the overall rating. This job originated on . Peace Theme! For the full announcement and to apply, visit . Bank! Only resumes submitted according to the instructions on the job announcement listed at will be considered. Department Of Defense Education Activity West Point NY. U.S. A Seperate Peace! Military Academy. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/4/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-02T00:00 * Duties Help ## Duties ### Summary The Area of Consideration for this vacancy announcement is for US Citizens and Non-Citizens within the local commuting area of West Point, NY. (Military Spouse Preference (MSP) and Involuntarily Separated Military Preference (ISMP) Preference eligible candidates are included in the area of consideration.) **Initial Cut-Off Date:**Wednesday, August 2nd, 2017 (Applications must be received by 11:59 PM EST) Applications received by the Initial Cut-Off Date will be reviewed and possibly referred to the Selecting Official PRIOR to the Closing Date of this Vacancy Announcement. Subsequent referrals to the hiring manager will occur as vacancies become available.

The mission of the Directorate of Cadet Activities (DCA) is to taming shrew significantly enhance the development of the United States Corps of Cadets militarily, physically, academically, moral-ethically, spiritually, and socially by providing organized, comprehensive and diverse programs and peace facilities, which provide for entertainment, extracurricular, recreational, cultural and System social activities. Located in theme, the scenic Hudson River valley, only 50 miles from of relationship in homecare, New York City, the U.S. Military Academy at West Point is a four-year academic institution, a nationally-renowned historic site, and the oldest continuously occupied military post in America. West Point#39;s 3,000 civilian employees have access to Eisenhower Hall Theater, the Hudson Valley#39;s premier performing arts center, and recreational facilities such as an 18-hole Golf Course and Ski Slope. Learn more about this agency ### Responsibilities * Sets up bars with beverages and condiments prior to opening the bar. * Cleans equipment, glasses and utensils and the bar area on a continuing basis. * Replenishes supplies as necessary and a seperate disposes of waste materials. * Unloads and stacks supplies for storage. Prepares simple garnishes. ### Travel Required Not required ##### Supervisory status No ##### Promotion Potential 1 ### Who May Apply #### This job is quality of relationship in homecare open to… US Citizens and Non-Citizens Questions? This job is open to theme 1 group. Standard Bank Pk Online! * #### Job family (Series) 7405 Bartending #### Similar jobs * Bartenders * Requirements Help ## Requirements ### Conditions of Employment * Direct Deposit and Social Security Card is required * Meet qualification/eligibility/background requirements for peace theme, this position * Satisfactorily complete an employment verification (E-Verify) check * A one year probationary period may be required ***Conditions of Employment:*** 1. Value Chain Model! If selected, a completed and signed copy of a seperate peace theme, our job application form (DA Form 3433) is required prior to entrance on duty. (Click hereto view form). 2. Medical Examination is meaning required. 3. Must be able to work an Irregular schedule to include evenings weekends and holidays. ### Qualifications No work experience required. Candidates must be able to lift and carry weights up to 40 pounds. Theme! **Skills and Knowledge:** Recognizes shortages of quality of relationship in homecare Essay, supplies and replaces them as necessary.

Ability to use knives and automatic slicers. Able to serve simple drinks under the a seperate peace theme, close guidance of the Bartender. **Your qualifications will be evaluated on the following competencies: knowledge, skills, abilities, additional screening criteria and other characteristics.** ### Education ### Additional information * Additional selections may be made from this vacancy announcement for up to 90 days after the value model, closing date. * Payment Permanent Change of Station (PCS) costs is not authorized, based on a determination that a PCS move is not in the Government interest. * Please check out a seperate, our Applicant Information Kit to view additional information you may find useful when applying for our jobs. * Applications are valid for 90 days after submission date. Applicants will be referred to selecting officials as additional vacancies occur. Read more ### How You Will Be Evaluated You will be evaluated for this job based on how well you meet the qualifications above. Applicants can claim the following eligibilities: * NAF - Reasonbable Accommodation * NAF Preference - Spouse Employment Preference (SEP) * NAF Priority Consideration - Business Based Action * NAF Priority Consideration - Current Appropriated Funds Employee CNE (APF) * NAF Priority Consideration - Current/Former NAF Employee (CNE/FNE) * NAF Priority Consideration - Outside Applicant Veteran (OAV) * NAF Priority Consideration - Spouse/Widow/Parent of Veteran (OAV) Read more ### Background checks and security clearance ##### Security clearance Not Applicable * Required Documents Help ## Required Documents **The following documents must be submitted with your application:** * Resume **Optional:** Our Job Application (DA Form 3433) will accepted in place of a Resume ***The below items are accepted and may be needed to support a qualification and/or a claimed priority/preference:*** * Cover Letter * DD-214 * DA 3433, DA 3434, Military Permanent Chnage of Station Orders, Marriage Certificate * Resume * SF-50 #### If you are relying on Girls in The Juvenile, your education to meet qualification requirements: Education must be accredited by theme an accrediting institution recognized by the U.S. Department of Education in order for it to be credited towards qualifications. Therefore, provide only the attendance and/or degrees from schools accredited by accrediting institutions recognized by the U.S.

Department of Education. Failure to provide all of the Justice Essay, required information as stated in a seperate peace, this vacancy announcement may result in an ineligible rating or may affect the overall rating. * Benefits Help ## Benefits A career with the U.S. Government provides employees with a comprehensive benefits package. As a federal employee, you and your family will have access to a range of benefits that are designed to of relationship in homecare make your federal career very rewarding. Theme! * Benefits for federal employees * Healthcare insurance * Pay and leave http://www.armycivilianservice.com/JOA/NAFApplicantInformationKit.pdf Eligibility for benefits depends on standard chartered bank, the type of a seperate theme, position you hold and whether your position is full-time, part-time, or intermittent. Contact the hiring agency for more information on the specific benefits offered. * How to Apply Help ## How to Apply You may submit your application package using one of the two methods identified below: 1. **Electronically** (preferred) at https://www.usajobs.gov/ and search for Vacancy Identification Number (VIN) 2. **Manually**: A manual application can be obtained by contacting the servicing NAF Human Resources Office listed on in The Juvenile Essay, this vacancy announcement. * If you would like to apply manually, please contact the a seperate peace theme, servicing NAF Human Resources (HRO) listed on this job announcement to request a copy of the manual application form. * All completed manual application forms (along with resume and The Mekong Delta Essay other supporting documentation) must be received no later than 3:00 PM on the closing date of this announcement in order to peace process your application in The Mekong Essay, a timely manner. **If applying manually, please bring your application package to the West Point NAF Civilian Personnel Advisory Center (CPAC) located at:** 626 Swift Road West Point, New York 10996 Monday thru Friday (not open on Federal Holidays) between the hours of a seperate theme, 8:30 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. and NO LATER THAN 3:00 p.m. on the closing date of the announcement. ****Please note, that West Point has a restricted access policy and any person who chooses to personally deliver an application to the CPAC should bring along at least one photo identification and value chain model report to the West Point Visitor Center at least 30 minutes prior to attempting to visit the CPAC**** ***Neglecting to respond to the job related questions will result in an ineligible rating.*** Read more ### Agency contact information ### West Point NAF Human Resources Office ##### Phone 845-938-2822 ##### Email wpnafresumes@usma.edu ##### Address BR-NAF-W1FBAA US MILITARY ACADEMY DO NOT MAIL West Point, NY US Learn more about this agency ### Next steps We appreciate your interest in this position! Read more * Fair Transparent ## Fair Transparent The Federal hiring process is setup to a seperate theme be fair and transparent. Please read the following guidance. ### Equal Employment Opportunity Policy The United States Government does not discriminate in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy and gender identity), national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, marital status, disability, genetic information, age, membership in an employee organization, retaliation, parental status, military service, or other non-merit factor. * Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) office at OPM * Office of Equal Opportunity Read more ### Reasonable Accommodation Policy Federal agencies must provide reasonable accommodation to applicants with disabilities where appropriate. Applicants requiring reasonable accommodation for any part of the of relationship in homecare, application and theme hiring process should contact the meaning death, hiring agency directly. Determinations on peace theme, requests for reasonable accommodation will be made on a case-by-case basis.

A reasonable accommodation is chrysanthemum meaning any change to theme a job, the work environment, or the way things are usually done that enables an taming of the, individual with a disability to apply for a job, perform job duties or receive equal access to job benefits. Under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, federal agencies must provide reasonable accommodations when: * An applicant with a disability needs an accommodation to have an equal opportunity to apply for a job. * An employee with a disability needs an accommodation to perform the a seperate, essential job duties or to Girls Justice Essay gain access to the workplace. * An employee with a disability needs an accommodation to receive equal access to benefits, such as details, training, and office-sponsored events. A Seperate Theme! You can request a reasonable accommodation at Girls Justice any time during the application or hiring process or while on the job. Requests are considered on a seperate, a case-by-case basis. Learn more about Girls in The Justice disability employment and reasonable accommodations or how to peace theme contact an agency. Chain Model! Read more #### Legal and peace theme regulatory guidance * Financial suitability * Social security number request * Privacy Act * Signature and false statements * Selective Service * New employee probationary period This job originated on www.usajobs.gov. For the full announcement and to apply, visit www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/474808200.

Only resumes submitted according to the instructions on the job announcement listed at www.usajobs.gov will be considered. *Open closing dates:* 07/19/2017 to 12/27/2017 *Salary:* $10.26 to $11.98 per hour Most individuals will be brought in at the Step 1 rate of pay which is $10.26 per hour *Pay scale grade:* NA 1 *Work schedule:* Intermittent *Appointment type:* Intermittent U.S. Military Academy West Point NY. Assistant Human Resources Officer (Naf), Nf-04. 1. Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) 2. Cover Letter (Optional) Attached Cover Letter. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) Copy paste or upload your cover letter. Don’t have a cover letter?

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Grammar and Style in a seperate peace theme British English: The modern essay is a fairly short piece of work of between 500 and 3,000 words, written on a well-defined subject intended for reading in a. single session. Shorter works are known as vignettes while longer ones are called extended essays or dissertations. A doctoral thesis can. reach100,000 words, after which the work becomes book size. Like all scripts, essays draw from the two principal styles of writing, narrative and exposition. To summarise I n short, narrative is artistic writing and exposition is academic writing. This is Tales From The Mekong Essay not to say that these two forms of writing never converge. On the contrary, the works of journalists, travel writers and biographers often draw.

heavily upon the techniques of both, b ut exposition and narrative remain recognisably different styles, and essays, for the most part, are written in. one or the theme other. The narrative and expository essay each has a close relation. Chain Model! The descriptive essay is an peace offshoot of the narrative essay, and the argumentative. essay, an offshoot of the expository. Of The Shrew Kate! Four kinds of essay are thus discussed here, followed by a few tips on drafting the expository essay (analysing, defining or explaining) Narrative is peace storytelling, the chronological relation of events. It is the standard chartered bank pk online most natural way of writing because it is the most natural way of speaking ( first I. did this and then I did that ) which is why it is the most deceptively simple of styles.

Consider, for example, how one person can relate an anecdote. about her children and theme have us in fits of laughter while another does the same and bores us to distraction. Some people are skilled narrators while. What goes for speech, goes for writing. To write narrative well is difficult; to model, write it badly in the belief that it has been written well is theme unfortunately all. too easy. A probable reason for this self-deception is the virtual universality of literacy. Few among us can paint a picture or play a musical instrument, so we easily recognise the skills of those who can. But everybody ‘writes’. Little wonder, then, that far more people say they are going to write a book. one day than say they are going to master the violin, while they are as ill-equipped to do the one as do the other.

Many useful learn-to-write books are. available, and one of chrysanthemum meaning, their most frequent pieces of advice is worth repeating: If you suspect it’s rubbish, it is a seperate peace theme . Writing narrative writing to entertain people might be the most difficult kind of prose to write, but we have all probably attempted it. Chain! The most. rudimentary examples are the time-honoured titles we tackled in a seperate peace theme primary school: 'A Rainy Day'; 'How I Spent my Summer Holidays'. From Delta! More. sophisticated examples range from the short stories of such masters as Saki and O. Peace! Henry to modern novels, the consummate form of narrative. Narrative essays, in fact, usually appear in the form of short stories or biographical anecdotes, and the author, just like the novelist, needs to chain, appeal. to the a seperate theme reader's emotions and draw him into a world of the author's creation. Value Chain Model! How this is achieved, of course, is a seperate more easily said than done, yet there. are several devices that can be recognised in value chain model the works of successful authors.

Narrative essays and short stories are often written in the first person ( I ). This lends them authenticity and allows the reader more easily to identify. with the character experiencing the events. The drawback is that the first person constrains the writer to one point of view, allowing nothing to occur. in the script that the central character does not himself or herself directly experience. There can be no he thought and a seperate theme she thought , only I thought . While it is important in all essays to of relationship in homecare, win the reader’s attention quickly, nowhere is this more important than in narrative. A Seperate Theme! With an expository essay, as. we shall see, the reader is looking for information or explanation. Entertainment is From The Mekong Delta a bonus. With the narrative essay, on the other hand, entertainment.

is expected. This initial interest can be achieved by means of the narrative hook, whereby the first few sentences capture the reader’s attention. A Seperate! The. hook can be dramatic, funny, thought-provoking, mysterious or controversial, just as long as it motivates the reader to turn the crucial first few pages.. Narrative almost always focuses on some form of conflict: a conflict between people, between a person and the elements or between one person’s. desires and conscience. A lack of conflict is chartered one of the main reasons readers give up on scripts and say that ‘nothing was happening’. Conflict also. helps to create tension and suspense, and the writer needs to a seperate peace, learn the skill of revealing information partially and standard chartered pk online slowly.

The denouement (plot. resolution) finally resolves the conflict or tension and creates that sense of satisfaction that readers of narrative expect. Writers of good narrative follow the much-proffered advice for peace all story writing: Don’t tell! Show! In other words, readers should be allowed to see. characters in action rather than have those actions described for chain model them. My partner, John, had taken a new teaching post at St. Giles’, a tough. new comprehensive school, but after only a month it became obvious. that the job was wearing him down. He came home from a seperate, work one.

evening, looking dreadful and clearly very upset, and The Mekong Essay announced that. I sighed as the front door slammed again with unnecessary force. Just. four weeks at St. Peace! Giles’ Comprehensive and kate John was turning into peace theme a man. I neither knew nor liked. He walked into the living room and sank into the. settee. That facial muscle had begun to twitch again as he stared at nothing.

at all. Then he looked at me, as if surprised to find himself at home. In the same way, characters’ moods and feelings should be revealed rather than described, an end achieved by using nouns and verbs more than. adjectives and adverbs. Adverbs, in chain particular, are often apologies for a seperate peace poor narrative Samantha stared worriedly out of the window. Girls In The Juvenile Essay! (Describing) Samantha stared out of the peace window, gnawing her lower lip. (Revealing) Sometimes, the chain adverbs can simply be deleted Readers want to infer the moods and feelings of characters for themselves, not be led by the nose. T he writer should also minimise the uses of he said and she said . But where necessary, it is wiser to keep to said rather than employ the so-called. ‘elegant variation’ that is characteristic of the amateur: she exclaimed , he retorted . In contrast to expository essays, opinions need not be supported by evidence. Feelings more than reasoned arguments are what interest the a seperate peace reader.

Narrative enjoys considerable grammatical licence in order to represent the ways in which people speak and think. The fused sentence is value chain model never. advisable, but sentence fragments, the one-word ‘sentence’ and sentences that begin with conjunctions are all effective devices for peace theme emulating. thought, as if the character were actually thinking aloud How dare he talk to me like that! And in front of Katy, too. I said. nothing. Just watched him strut off to the kitchen in his socks.

Then. he cried out and of relationship in homecare swore as he stubbed his toe against the leg of the. Finally, short narratives (in distinction to longer works such as novels) often follow one or more of the ‘unity’ principles: unity of person, place and. time. A Seperate Theme! Unity of person keeps the reader in one person’s mind; unity of place keeps him in the same location, rather like a scene from a play or a film; and unity of time keeps him moving in real time; there are no jumps forward ( The following day, ) and certainly no flashbacks. Everything unfolds in.

an unbroken duration. Although by no means rules, these principles of unity often make for excellent narrative . 1. Descriptive essays as such are rarely encountered outside creative-writing courses. In The! Their nearest approximations elsewhere are passages or entire. chapters from larger works, such as novels, where the plot is temporarily suspended in order to linger on something of interest.

But the description. must be graphic, not encyclopaedic. A Seperate Peace! An essay describing quantum theory or describing how a bill goes through Parliament would be an expository, not a descriptive, essay. A descriptive essay creates a vivid and colourful picture of something, along with a central mood or impression, and the. writing is sensuous, appealing to as many of the five senses as possible; at appropriate times, the writer will describe not just sight and sound, but. also touch, taste and smell. The subject of description might be almost anything: a room, a valley, a person, a storm, an erotic experience. The important thing is that the reader. feels he is vicariously experiencing something rather than simply reading about it It was near midnight, and ever since dusk I had been tramping the naked. moors, in the teeth of Tales From The Mekong Essay, as vicious a nor’-wester as ever drenched a man to.

the skin, and then blew the cold home to his marrow. My clothes were. sodden; my coat-tails flapped with a noise like pistol shots; my boots. squeaked as I went. Overhead, the October moon was in her last quarter, and might have been a slice of finger-nail for all the light she afforded.

Two-thirds of the time the wrack blotted her out altogether; and a seperate peace theme I, with. my stick clipped tight under my armpit, eyes puckered up, and head bent. aslant, had to keep my wits alive to distinguish the road from the taming black. heath to right and left. For three hours I had met neither man nor man’s. dwelling, and a seperate theme (for all I knew) was desperately lost. Indeed, at the cross- roads two miles back, there had been nothing for me but to choose the. way that kept the wind on my face, and it gnawed me like a dog.

(Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, ‘The Two Householders’) 2. Expository and Girls System Essay argumentative essays are the ones most commonly encountered in academia, and a seperate are much more formal compositions than those. described above. Exposition means ‘explaining’, ‘analysing’ or ‘defining’, and the subject of an expository essay is anything so exposed: the meaning. of a poem, a political doctrine, a philosophical idea, the model causes of a seperate peace, a war, an economic development and standard chartered pk online so forth. The exposition, moreover, is.

precise. A philosophy essay, for example, will need scrupulously to define its central concepts, a task that requires a fastidiousness of thought for. which the impressionistic language of narrative is peace theme wholly unsuited. In some cases (explained below), elements of narrative might be permissible, but. this shifts the essay closer to the journalistic article, a move of standard chartered bank, which some academics might disapprove. As we might remember from school, the theme expository essay comprises three sections: the introduction, the body and the conclusion. The introduction typically consists of about ten per cent of the essay and normally includes a thesis statement: usually one or two sentences that.

explain the purpose of the essay. The thesis statement is to the essay what the topic sentence is to Tales The Mekong Delta, the paragraph: a brief outline of what is a seperate theme to. follow. Its length and position, however, will be determined by the nature of the Juvenile Justice material and by the reader’s requirements, although it should not. normally appear later than the second paragraph. In the most intellectually demanding of essays, the entire introduction might be a virtual thesis statement, forming, so to speak, the peace theme writer’s briefing. to her readers before taking them on a journey. That journey is chrysanthemum likely to be difficult, so her readers will need a map. They will need to know their.

destination and what the main stopping places are to be along the way. And while there might be a few relevant diversions en route , there will be no. radical change of direction from that plotted in the introduction (which is why the introduction is a seperate peace theme often the last part of the essay to be written). In this. way, the introduction becomes an encapsulation of the entire essay, including the conclusion To examine the concept of justice in Plato’s Republic , we need first to.

distinguish the several ways in chartered bank pk online which that concept can be understood. Having outlined the four principal meanings of the word, we shall. proceed to investigate which (or which combination) of them the. Platonic Socrates most likely has in mind in his dialogues, first with. Glaucon and then Thrasymachus. We shall conclude that the. preponderant concept is distributive justice, with possible connotations. of remedial justice, and a seperate peace that, given Socrates’ paradoxical belief that ‘no.

one does wrong willingly’, retributive justice does not figure at all. Assuming the reader to be familiar with Plato’s Republic , he now has a fairly good idea of what to Justice, expect from the essay. He knows from the opening. clause that the purpose is to examine Platonic justice, while the rest of the paragraph (and there might be two or three) brings the thesis more sharply. into focus for him. An introduction such as this might also include an explanation of any unfamiliar or stipulated terms to be used in a seperate peace theme the essay ( We. shall understand procedural justice to mean ), but it is arguably wiser to deal with them as they occur in the body of the essay where they are likely.

to be better remembered. In expository essays of a less intellectually rigorous nature, the thesis statements will be correspondingly shorter The subject of inquiry is how AIDS is being combated in developing. The problem to be addressed is why, in death spite of the government’s ban. on hand guns, there has been a dramatic rise in armed crime since the. What do we mean by ‘freedom of the press’?

This is the question we. shall attempt to answer. The evidence will be considered both for peace theme and against the claim that. David Copperfield was Dickens’s clandestine autobiography. Jazz is arguably America’s greatest contribution to world culture. Here. we will examine its three main early influences: ragtime, gospel and the. Note the specificity of the statements and value that the ‘statements’ can actually be questions. A Seperate Peace! A thesis statement that proposes to discuss ‘the problem. of AIDS’ or ‘the problem of armed crime’ could be considered rather too general.

The most natural place for the thesis statement is at in homecare, the beginning. As the opening sentence or sentences, the statement immediately informs the. reader of what the essay is to be about a seperate, before he settles down to read it. This is probably the wisest course if the essay is being written for an. exclusively academic readership (e.g. a college tutor).

If, on The Mekong the other hand, the theme essay is to appeal to the wider readership of, say, a magazine, the. writer might wish to build up some interest before coming to the thesis statement. This technique, called funnelling, feeds the reader a little. anecdotal information that gradually tapers to the thesis statement, usually at the end of the first paragraph. Suppose, for example, that the topic is to be the surprise result of the 1992 British general election. If the work is an undergraduate politics essay, the writer would be wise to chrysanthemum meaning death, open with the thesis statement The topic of theme, investigation is Girls in The Juvenile why, in the run up to the general election of. April 1992, the peace theme opinion polls so spectacularly failed to predict a Conservative. If, instead, the work is to From The Mekong Delta Essay, appear in a journal or magazine, the a seperate peace writer might choose to funnel it with an introduction such as this On the morning of 9 April, 1992, Neil Kinnock, Leader of the taming of the kate Labour. Party since 1983, was in buoyant mood. A Seperate! He had good reason to be.

Under. the Conservatives, Britain was going through its worst recession since. the 1930s, and the devaluation crisis of ‘Black Wednesday’ was still. painfully fresh in people’s minds. He sensed victory, and the opinion polls. encouraged him. Labour, they said, was heading for a clear victory. Thirty-six hours later, notwithstanding 39 Tory losses and 42 Labour. Gains, it was clear that John Major would be the man to walk back. through the door of Number Ten to lead his party in its fourth consecutive. term of office.

Why, then, did the opinion polls so spectacularly fail? Here, the writer has included an element of narrative in her exposition in order to generate interest in readers who, unlike college tutors, are under no. obligation to of relationship Essay, read the script. Assuming all the peace research has been completed, the writer now has to chain, organise her information into a coherent body of paragraphs, each setting out. one or more points that develop the thesis statement.

This can be done in a number of theme, ways, but it is worth noting that readers tend to remember the. beginning and the end of the body more than the middle. The recommended technique, therefore, is to value chain, arrange the material into a hierarchy of. arguments from the most to a seperate, the least important and then to present them accordingly. To continue with our election example, this might be achieved. In her notes, suppose, the writer has randomly listed six explanations of why the polls were so wide of the mark 1. So-called ‘floating voters’ are notoriously fickle and apt to model, change. their minds even in the polling booth. campaign against the Labour Party in the last few days before the.

3. Although John Major presented a softer image than Margaret. Thatcher, the latter’s ‘uncaring’ legacy was such that many. Conservative supporters were afraid of a seperate peace theme, being perceived as immoral. by revealing their party allegiance to the opinion pollsters. 4. Opinion pollsters need quick, unambiguous answers, and Conservative. supporters are traditionally more circumspect about their voting.

intentions than their Labour counterparts. 5. Girls Juvenile System Essay! Opinion pollsters are almost always racing against the clock, and among. their temptations is to avoid knocking the doors of houses with long. drives, the more likely dwellings of Conservative supporters. 6. The Labour Party seemed to be celebrating victory prematurely, and. many of their potential voters resented this ‘arrogance’. These six points will comprise the body of the essay and the writer now has to arrange them in order of importance. The first thing she spots is that only three of theme, these points specifically address the 1992 election as opposed to elections in general, namely 2, 3. and 6. These, then, are the taming kate most important topics and a seperate peace will somehow be arranged to appear at the beginning and the end of the body.

Of these, the writer might now decide that the press campaign (2) has the greatest explanatory value. For while the Tories’ uncaring image (3) and. Labour’s premature celebrations (6) were contributory factors, they were nothing like as decisive in thwarting the opinion polls as the final press. onslaught on Labour’s taxation policy led by The Sun . Value! Point 2, then, will be the last to be made and will be given full paragraph status. Next, she. decides that point 6 is more important than point 3, so 6 will come somewhere in the first paragraph and 3 in the penultimate. So far, then, the peace theme arrangement of the six-point body is Of the remaining points, those most likely to provide new and interesting information to the reader are probably the problems and Girls in The Justice practices of opinion. pollsters (4 and 5), while the prevarication of floating voters (1) is fairly common knowledge.

In fact, our writer decides that 1 has the least explanatory. value and might as well be got quickly out of the way in a dependent clause as a point of small consequence Here, then, is the completed body with the introductory paragraph again On the morning of 9 April, 1992, Neil Kinnock, Leader of the Labour. Party since 1983, was in buoyant mood. He had good reason to peace theme, be. Under the Conservatives, Britain was going through its worst recession. since the 1930s and the devaluation crisis of ‘Black Wednesday’ was.

still painfully fresh in value chain model people’s minds. A Seperate Peace Theme! He sensed victory, and the opinion. polls encouraged him. Labour, they said, was heading for a clear victory. Thirty-six hours later, notwithstanding 39 Tory losses and 42 Labour. Gains, it was clear that John Major would be the man to walk back. through the door of Number Ten to lead his party in its fourth consecutive. term of office. Death! Why, then, did the a seperate peace opinion polls so spectacularly fail? Apart from the notoriously fickle behaviour of floating voters, who have.

been known to prevaricate even with the pencil in their hands (1) , the. Labour machine was celebrating victory early. No one admires pessimism. in politics, but this flamboyant optimism - the model almost indecent haste of. moving the Kinnock furniture into Number Ten before the theme count had.

properly begun - was perceived as rather un-British. This would almost. certainly have been enough to tip the scales to the Tories for potentially. first-time Labour supporters (6) . A second reason is the considerable difficulty opinion polls encounter in. acquiring truly representative samples. Pollsters require neat unambiguous. answers, and Labour supporters are traditionally more forthcoming in this. respect than their Conservative counterparts (4) . To exacerbate the problem, they are almost always racing against the clock, and among their temptations.

is to avoid knocking the standard chartered doors of houses with long drives, the theme more likely. dwellings of Conservative supporters (5) . Odd though it might seem, another factor that contributed to the inaccurate. predictions was embarrassment. Taming Kate! For thirteen years, the image of the. Conservative Party had inexorably been hardening. During Margaret. Thatcher’s premiership, it came to be seen, rightly or wrongly, as the theme party.

of naked capitalism, a capitalism no longer tempered by the noblesse oblige. of gentleman Tories such as Edward Heath and Lord Carrington. Tales From Essay! Both by. her rhetoric and her deeds, the Iron Lady seemed to have revived the. nineteenth-century belief that it is a necessary condition of progress that the. weak go to the wall.

That John Major might have presented a softer image. could make no impact on the legacy of a seperate peace theme, successive governments that were. clandestinely privatising the health service and binding the hands of trade. unions with legal tape. Little wonder, then, that many of its supporters were. reluctant to stand and be counted (3) . No one, however, was prepared for the unprecedented onslaught against the. Labour Party led by in The Juvenile System The Sun . In just a few days, the paper managed to turn.

the tide to the Tories’ advantage by raising the spectre of Labour’s taxation. policy (‘Will the last person to a seperate, leave Britain please turns off the taming kate lights’). Notwithstanding that many of those frightened by the tax Bogey Man were the. low waged who stood materially to benefit by Labour’s progressive income tax, the campaign succeeded, sealing Labour’s fate and causing some red faces. among the professional pollsters (2) . Different and better constructions of the body might be possible, but the principle remains: priority is best given to the beginning and the end. One of the weaknesses of conclusions sometimes is a seperate peace theme that they exist at all. Chartered Bank Pk Online! Having produced a reasonably good essay, the writer will often feel.

constrained to write ‘a conclusion’ because this is what she has been told she should do, not realising that she might already have concluded it. well. What, for example, could fruitfully be added to our sample essay on the 1992 election? If we accept that the main purpose of a conclusion is. to confirm that the essay has fulfilled its thesis statement, then there is really nothing more to say. At 500 words, on a seperate theme the other hand, our sample. essay is very short. In longer essays, with a correspondingly greater number of chrysanthemum, paragraphs in support of the thesis statement, the case for a formal. conclusion would be stronger.

What, then, should a conclusion look like? Firstly, it should not merely be a summary of the essay; it must have. something original to say. Secondly, any questions set in the introduction or essay title should be explicitly answered. The evidence will have been. provided in the body and a seperate theme now is the time to formulate it into answers. These answers might be preceded by a summary of the arguments that. appeared in the body, but only if those arguments have been sufficiently great in number or sufficiently complex to warrant one. A summing up in our.

short essay above would be unnecessary and appear amateurish. Thirdly, the conclusion might be an inference drawn from the evidence of the body. Had it run to meaning, 2,000 words, say, the conclusion of a seperate peace theme, our essay on the 1992 election might look like this Predicting human behaviour, then, is perhaps an art more than a science. However much the standard opinion pollsters agonise over their ‘blunder’ of 1992, it is inescapably the case that the a seperate peace factors influencing human conduct are. ones that are not easily amenable to scientific study. Lastly, the value model conclusion could draw the reader’s attention to the wider implications of the thesis statement, indicating that there are other important. questions which can be raised. Peace Theme! It will be beyond the scope of the present essay to answer these questions, but they can be posed in chain order to. stimulate interest and further research. A Seperate! For example, should polling organisations consider how they might achieve more representative samples?

Should the apparent power of the press be a cause for concern? In order to investigate the taming of the shrew kate relationship between working-class occupations. and voting behaviour, I first interviewed five people from social grades C2. and D who consistently voted Labour. Next, I interviewed five people from. the same grades who consistently voted Conservative. This way of a seperate, writing is probably the one that comes most naturally to us all, and the way an uninstructed first-year might produce her first expository. essay. The passage is Tales The Mekong clear and a seperate grammatically correct, but the use of the first person I is inappropriate. To make matters worse, the writer is using the first person to describe what she is doing rather than what she is thinking. The reader does not need.

to be told who carried out the research since the author’s name will be on the document. In the text, the writer should concern herself only with what. was done and value chain model what was discovered, not with the a seperate peace theme fact that it was she who did or discovered it. Chain Model! As we shall see, the first person is sometimes justified. in the argumentative essay to express the writer’s opinions, but mere exposition should be completely impersonal. One method by which this impersonality might be achieved (and the method sometimes recommended) is to use the more detached third person In order to investigate the relationship between working-class occupations. and voting behaviour, the peace theme author first interviewed five people from social. grades C2 and D who consistently voted Labour. Next, she interviewed five. people from the Girls Juvenile same grades who consistently voted Conservative.

But this merely adds affectation to the problem. The writer is a seperate theme still drawing attention to herself by explaining what she did, succeeding only in. compounding the issue by the inauthentic and archaic practice of referring to herself as if she were someone else. A better technique is to avoid reference to herself altogether In order to investigate the relationship between working-class occupations. and voting behaviour, five people were interviewed from social grades C2. and D who consistently voted Labour. Next, five people from the same. grades were interviewed who consistently voted Conservative.

The writer is chrysanthemum death now well out of sight. That the a seperate theme people in the survey were interviewed by Girls Essay her is understood but unsaid. The writer has maintained. authorial invisibility by peace using passive rather than active sentences. But the drawback with a series of passive sentences is that they can make. for rather dull reading. One way around this problem is for taming kate the author to combine passive sentences with active ones in which he survey, or its. results, are the subject rather than she herself The results of the survey show that (active with a third-person subject) Another of the writer’s options is to use the first-person plural we as the subject of active clauses and sentences. A Seperate Peace! It is straying a little into informal. territory, but it is established academic practice and has the advantage of meaning, engaging the reader by creating the impression that he is sitting side- by-side with the theme author As can be seen from the standard chartered bank diagram (passive and formal)

As we can see from the diagram (active, engaging and formally acceptable) What conclusions can be drawn from this? What conclusions can we draw from a seperate, this? Two things need to be clarified We need to be clear about two things

In expository essays, then, the writer is best advised to keep her head down by using a combination of • active sentences in which the subject is the research method. (the survey, interview, questionnaire, experiment, etc.) (the author and her readers) In a sense, all academic essays are argumentative. The explanations and definitions of expository essays can always be challenged, so that even. they have a necessarily persuasive element. But argumentative or persuasive essays, per se, are much more explicitly prescriptive compositions. and are generally encountered at and above the undergraduate rung of the academic ladder. Such essays (called papers if they are published or read to learned societies) might ostensibly appear as expository essays that purport merely. to explain something, but the original, radical or controversial nature of that explanation transforms them into argumentative essays.

Sir Isaiah. Berlin’s essay, ‘Two Concepts of Liberty’, 3 for example, sets out ‘to examine’ two kinds of freedom, but it rapidly becomes clear that the definitions. are not ones with which everyone will agree. In The Juvenile Justice! The essay thus becomes argumentative by virtue of the opposition it sets out to attract. But argumentative does not mean ‘belligerent’ (although academics can be as churlish and vindictive as anyone else). There is a world of difference. between persuading someone of a seperate theme, something and merely winning an argument. The polemics of the quality Essay party-political pamphlet, or the diatribes of. ‘Disgusted’ in the correspondence pages of the local newspaper, have no place in an argumentative essay. Such scripts must be just what they claim.

to be: argumentative, not a series of unsubstantiated or one-sided claims. It takes at least two to a seperate theme, argue, so that the essay must either express at least. two points of view (one challenged and quality of relationship in homecare Essay the other defended) or be ‘one-sided’ only in the sense of throwing down the academic gauntlet. If the former. technique is chosen, the peace author must create a genuine dialogue of ideas with her opponent, real or imaginary, expressing the opposing view fairly and. acknowledging any difficulties with her own. Equally importantly, there can be no and-that’s-an-end-of-the-matter tone in an argumentative essay. There is, and can be, no end to academic. debate, and an essay’s conclusion will necessarily be one with which readers can disagree. If disagreement is not possible, then the in homecare argument has.

been circular or tautologous. No academic argument is impenetrable, and a seperate peace theme every one is an invitation to further understanding. The purpose of the. argumentative essay is to show that the writer’s point of view is plausible and Juvenile Justice internally consistent, not that it is absolutely and incontestably true. The structure of the argumentative essay is the same as that of the a seperate peace theme expository essay discussed above. The main stylistic difference between expository and argumentative essays concerns person. For while the first-person singular I is chrysanthemum meaning inappropriate in. the expository essay, it is occasionally permissible in the argumentative essay where the author is expressing a personal opinion.

Even so, an over- abundance of such expressions as I think and a seperate peace it seems to me smack of egotism and value can irritate the reader. It is therefore wise to be frugal with the. The first person can, of course, be used freely in the early stages as the writer gathers her thoughts, but most occurrences are easily banished in. the drafting stages. Peace Theme! The simplest way is often to delete them. Thus In my opinion, Herzberg’s theory has two major weaknesses. Herzberg’s theory has two major weaknesses. But in what circumstances may the bank pk online author legitimately raise her head?

Firstly, in cases where she herself has not set the essay, the title itself can. be a guide. For example, 'How Plausible is Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of Motivation?' does not invite the use of the a seperate peace theme first person in quite the same. way as 'How plausible do you consider Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of Motivation to be?' Secondly, as noted earlier, the first person should never. be used to describe what the taming kate author did, but only what she thinks. First-person statements are best kept to a minimum, reserved for the most important or thought-provoking ideas in the script or, occasionally, to. It seems to me, then, that the reasons for the fall in the birth rate have. less to do with the advent of oral contraception than the conscious decision. by women to balance their careers with their family commitments.

However, I am less sure of peace theme, Jones’s (2001) claim that such a fall could have resulted. But even here, the first person can be avoided if the in The Justice System writer feels it is in danger of overuse. Thus the opening of the first sentence is easily changed. Arguably, then, the reasons for the fall in the birth rate while the opening of the second sentence can be changed to Less convincing, however, is Jones’s (2001) claim that Few writers will produce a satisfactory essay in a seperate peace one sitting. Most will find themselves with a lengthy first draft in considerable need of of the shrew, pruning and.

refining before it meets the a seperate requirements of quality and size a task that can involve more work than was spent on the research. But while sweat. is necessary, tears are not. If the writer is faced with the distressing prospect of From Delta, having to dispose of substantial, well-written passages on peace which. considerable effort has been spent, then those passages are either irrelevant to of relationship in homecare, the thesis statement or the consequences of its overdevelopment. Let us deal with irrelevance first. A dangerous temptation for theme the unwary is to Girls Juvenile, focus on a key word or phrase in the essay title and a seperate peace then to write down all that is known about it, which. more often than not involves needless definition.

The writer, that is, will unnecessarily define or explain a concept when what is required is the. application of standard chartered pk online, that concept to a seperate peace theme, explain something else. Take, for example, the essay title, 'Assess the value of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs with. reference to chrysanthemum meaning, a business organisation'. Some students will immediately plunge in with something like this Maslow’s Hierarchy comprises five levels of a seperate peace, need from Girls Justice System, low to high which. people seek to satisfy in a seperate peace ascending order: (1) physiological needs (such as. food, water and shelter); (2) safety needs (security and freedom from. danger); (3) social needs (affection and quality Essay acceptance in groups); (4) esteem. needs (being valued and respected by a seperate peace others); and (5) self-fulfilling needs.

True but irrelevant. The writer has wasted time (and probably marks) defining Maslow’s Hierarchy instead of getting on with the business of. assessing its value The investigation into Anyfirm revealed how it is possible to descend. Maslow’s Hierarchy as well as ascend it. It became evident from the. interviews with the staff that, following the Girls Juvenile Essay announcement of possible. redundancies, there was now far less concern with the satisfaction of the. higher needs and a seperate theme a corresponding increase in concern with the Girls Juvenile lower. With their jobs under threat, the a seperate peace theme lofty goal of taming of the shrew kate, self-fulfilment was sacrificed. for the humbler and theme more urgent goal of job security. That the writer understands Maslow’s theory is model apparent from its application.

Overdevelopment, on the other hand, is the result of poor planning. Academics writing papers for publication usually have some discretion in. respect of the length of their work. The hapless student does not. Theme! A victim of her own enthusiasm, she can find herself with a script so far in. excess of what is admissible that to prune it without mutilation becomes impossible. What needs to be remembered is that writing an essay of two or three thousand words is like furnishing a small living room; we can acquire some. beautiful items but, without the space, they merely transform the room into an obstacle course.

All we need is a centrepiece (the thesis statement) and a few well-chosen, coordinated items (the supporting arguments and conclusion). As the body of the essay is being constructed, therefore, the. writer should get a feel for the size of her creation and realise, sooner rather than later, whether it is going to fit into the available space. This is value chain not. to say that interesting digressions should be ignored. They can be noted for future development, but it must be realised that they are unlikely to. find a place in the current essay. These errors aside, the purpose of the drafting stages will be to refine the work in order to a seperate theme, achieve optimum clarity and to rid it of Tales Delta Essay, dross. Advice on. how to theme, achieve these ends can be found in taming of the shrew kate the sections on a seperate expletive sentences and clichés, pleonasms and standard bank pk online verbosity.

The remainder of this page. consists of a few reminders. It is a seperate peace a well-known fact that It has often been said that There can be little doubt that All these verbose phrases are easily replaced with adverbs such as doubtless , evidently , generally , naturally and so forth. We can also shorten expressions and improve the quality of English at the same time When he had written his business plan, he arranged an interview with. His business plan written, he arranged an in The interview with his bank. The research showed that, as far as the electorate is concerned, monetary union is theme not an important issue. The research showed that monetary union is shrew kate not an peace theme important electoral issue. Very often, we need make no change except to delete the expression Ed Miliband was elected as the Leader of the Labour Party in 2010.

The interviewees were questioned, the forms were collected and in homecare Essay the. Most of Bach’s orchestral works were written while he was in Cöthen. He specialised in selling while his partner specialised in accounts. No one else but the a seperate peace theme secretary is allowed to sign cheques. Other windbags include in spite of the chartered bank pk online fact that notwithstanding that. in view of the peace theme fact that because.

on a daily basis daily, every day. the question as to Essay, whether whether. We can also weed out the tautologies. Each of the following, for example, should have one word deleted Finally, we should also guard against our own naïvety. All writers want to impress their readers, but using verbosity to a seperate, disguise a commonplace is. not the kate way to do it The investigation method used to obtain the information necessary to.

complete this essay was the questionnaire. of seven words, or forty-four per cent of the sentence) Some writers also fail to realise that what for peace theme them is a new discovery is value model common knowledge to their readers. Peace Theme! They are consequently fond of the. grand announcement, rather like a drum roll before a circus feat that ends in a flop In 1513, a man by the name of Machiavelli wrote a book entitled, The. Machiavelli’s Prince appeared in meaning death 1513. (A reduction of ten words, or sixty- seven per cent of the sentence)

In these ways, the peace writer takes up more and more slack until the quality of relationship in homecare Essay final version is as taut as a piano wire, the entire essay employing a minimum. number of words working at maximum capacity. 1 Among the a seperate many well-crafted short stories that exemplify one or more of chartered pk online, these principles of unity are the following: Roald Dahl, ‘ The Hitch-Hiker ’ , in William Pattrick (ed.), Duel: Horror Stories of the Road , W. H. Peace Theme! Allen, London, 1987, pp. 211 23 ; Ernest Hemingway, ‘Hills Like White Elephants ’ , in Hemingway: Men Without Women , Grafton Books, Collins Publishing Group, London, 1977, pp. 44 48; Richard Matheson, ‘Duel ’ , in William. Pattrick (ed.), op. cit ., pp. 149 73; Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, ‘The Two Householders: Memoirs of taming shrew kate, Gabriel Foot, Highwayman’ in Selected Short. Stories , Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1957, pp. 49 60; and Saki (H. H. Munro), ‘The Open Window ’ , in The Penguin Complete Saki , Penguin. Books, Harmondsworth, 1984, pp.

259 62. 2 Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, op. cit . 3 Sir Isaiah Berlin, ‘ Two Concepts of Liberty ’ in Anthony Quinton (ed.), Political Philosophy , OUP, London, 1967, pp. Theme! 141 152. Website Disclaimers Creative Commons 2.0 licence - cc by nc nd.

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A Separate Peace: Theme Analysis | Novelguide

2. The importance of animals during J.M. Coetzee’s boyhood. Even though it is theme probably impossible to explain why Coetzee continuously uses animals in value chain model a metaphorical way, I think it would be unsatisfying to a seperate peace attribute this feature to pure chance. Two years before publishing “Disgrace” in 1999, Coetzee wrote “Boyhood: scenes from provincial life” [1] , his first autobiographical work. In “Boyhood” Coetzee tells the in The Justice System Essay, story of his life, using the a seperate peace, third person perspective. Girls In The Juvenile Justice. Later on he followed up on “Boyhood” with “Youth: Scenes from provincial life II”. Throughout “Boyhood” Coetzee emphasizes his relationship to his mother.

For him, she is a “rock”, a “stone column” in an otherwise frightening world where he has problems to fit in with his peers. His father is also portrayed as a failure, a weak character. He is an a seperate theme, attorney whose drinking companions lead him to bankruptcy. Unable and unwilling to deal with his financial demise, his practice gets closed. His father pretends to search for a new job, but does nothing to get one, aside from throwing away bills that flush the bank, family’s mailbox on a daily basis. The young J.M. Coetzee refers to him as “that man” (156), when he talks with his mother, as he is too full of hatred to a seperate peace theme give his father a name.

Even though he often blames his mother for turning him into “something unnatural, something that needs to be protected if it is continue to live” (8) and even though he admits that he is often too close to his mother, he describes her love for him as blinding, overwhelming and self-sacrifying and shrew kate doubts whether he will ever be able to a seperate peace “pay back all the love she pours out upon Girls Juvenile, him”. It is a seperate theme obvious that his parents’ marriage is a wreck, that his mother is despaired even long before the professional career of her husband comes to a disgraceful end and that, for the young Coetzee, there is no fear larger than the fear of his mother stopping to love him (161). His mother often contrasts her current life with the life she lived before she was married; a life substantiated by chartered, photo albums. Interestingly, when her former life, a life she represents as a “continual round of peace theme parties and Tales From The Mekong Delta Essay picnics, of theme week-end trips to farms, of tennis and From Essay golf and walks with her dogs”, comes to an end after her husband appears in the photographs, the dogs disappear from the albums and her life (48). Coetzee does not mention an end of the a seperate, parties or tennis matches, but pins the change in her life down to the immediate disappearance of value chain dogs, which turns them into a symbol for a life lost by his mother. On the same page she also tells young Coetzee about “Kim”, the a seperate peace, best and quality in homecare most faithful dog she ever had. She tells him that Kim, who must be a special memory of a special person for Coetzee, died after he ate poisoned meat farmers had put down for jackals. His mother tells him that Kim died in her arms, a memory that still manages to fill her eyes with tears when she tells her son about a seperate theme it. Kim was an value chain, Alsatian and when his mother decides one day that she wants a new dog, she tries to theme find a new Alsatian, fails in doing so and buys a pup half Doberman, “half something else” (50).

Young Coetzee gets the right to name the first dog thrust into model his life and gives him the name “Cossack”. But Cossack does not live up to the memory of Kim and turns out to be a confused and peace undisciplined dog. Value Chain Model. But even before Cossack has grown out, “he eats the ground glass someone has put out for him” and a seperate peace dies after suffering for three days. Standard Chartered. Young Coetzee and peace his mother try everything to safe the dog, whereas his father is not even mentioned in the context, and in the end Coetzee decides that he does not want his family to standard chartered bank pk online have another dog, not if “this is how they must die” (50). Coetzee also portrays his visits to theme a farm of his relatives on several occasions and claims that the love of the meaning, farm was the only love that could rival the love he felt for theme his mother (80). He fells that he belongs to the farm (96).

Coetzee feels close to the animals, for example when he approaches bees, which over the course of taming shrew kate time have been burned out numerous times, he “would like the bees to recognize that he, when he visits, comes with clean hands, not to steal from them but to greet them, to pay his respect” (98). Peace. Another paragraph deals with the slaughtering of sheep and of relationship in homecare young Coetzee thinks philosophically about sheep and a seperate theme their fate, which they seem to accept without rebellion. He attributes a kind of resignation and foreknowledge to the sheep, as they “know it all (their fate), down to in The Juvenile Justice Essay the finest detail, and yet they submit. They have calculated the price and are prepared to pay it – the a seperate peace, price of being on earth, the price of being alive” (102). Taking into account that early childhood impressions help to shape ones character, I think that one can clearly trace the use of animals for various purposes in taming of the shrew Coetzee’s books back to his own experience. It is, of course, not possible to say why he used dogs or animals in any specific situation.

He might have consciously done so due to memories as described in “Boyhood” or he might have done so because it seemed an appropriate stylistic device that popped up in his head. But either way, I am convinced that he would not have done so without the childhood, or “boyhood”, he went through. The disgraceful deaths of dogs in “Disgrace [2] ” stand in line with the deaths of Kim and Cossack and the philosophising about animals and their acceptance of their fate at the animal clinic as described for the dogs in “Disgrace (142)” can be compared to the author’s thoughts about sheep and a seperate theme their fate in “Boyhood”. When Petrus buys two sheep to slaughter for his party, it is the main character, David Lurie, who tries to ease their fate (Disgrace, 125), just as young Coetzee wanted to warn the disappointingly indifferent sheep on his relative’s farm in “Boyhood”. 3. Role and purpose of the dog in South Africa. In J.M. Coetzee’s novel “Disgrace” dogs are a common metaphorical device used to illustrate the developments of several characters, but at the same time the purpose of the dog itself is also quite symbolic. In “Disgrace”, dogs are generally owned by whites or are straying around. “The more dogs, the more deterrence” (60 [3] ) Lucy states when she shows her father, David Lurie, her small farm. David describes his daughter as a “sturdy young settler” (61) with a rather simple life (“Dogs and a gun; bread in the oven and a crop in chrysanthemum the earth” (60)), who earns her living from her kennels and from selling flowers and garden products (61). At the time when David arrives at a seperate theme, his daughter’s farm five solid pens have been erected, which are inhabited by dogs such as Dobermans, German Shepherds, ridgebacks, bullterriers and Rottweilers (61).

All these dogs are watchdogs: Dogs Lucy refers to as “working dogs on short contracts”. There is also the Tales Delta, occasional pet in between, especially in the summer, but it is clear that Lucy earns most of her money with dogs that are predominantly used for the protection of a seperate Whites and their property against the dangers the new South Africa delivers. In another instance, Lucy describes dogs as “part of the furniture, part of the Girls, alarm system” (78), with further manifests the a seperate peace theme, main purpose of dogs in South Africa. In confrontations between the Luries and Blacks, dogs have two appearances in “Disgrace”. When Lucy and David come home from a walk around her plantation (92), three men await them at her home. It should have been a warning at this moment that one of the chain, three, a boy, hisses at a seperate peace, the dogs living in Lucy’s cages, but the of relationship Essay, two fail to sense the imminent danger. When Lucy releases the dog she had walked around her plantation into a seperate theme his cage, David interprets this as a “brave gesture; but is it wise?”, even though he still does not feel directly threatened by the strangers. When two of the men accompany Lucy into her house after claiming to need her telephone for an important phone call, David stays outside with the bulldog he took for the walk and the boy who hissed at the caged dogs minutes ago. As soon as David realizes that something has gone terribly wrong inside, he lets go of the bulldog’s leash and chases the dog after the boy, who defends himself with a stick while David tries to enter the house.

Later on the boy turns out to in The Juvenile be Pollux, a relative of Lucy’s neighbour Petrus, who reappears in the storyline and once again clashes with David on a seperate peace page 206, when David chases the same bulldog upon standard, Pollux as he did before. The second encounter turns out much worse for peace Pollux, who fails to defend himself and gets bitten by the raging dog. With the dog’s purpose being that of a protective device, it is possible to argue that the dog in itself stands more for the Whites than for the Blacks in quality in homecare Essay “Disgrace” or South Africa in general. The dog therefore qualifies as a good device for the kind of peace character development Coetzee confronts the reader with. This can be seen especially well in the development of meaning Petrus (6. “The disgrace of Petrus”) and David (4. and a seperate 5. “The disgrace of David’s sex life / of quality in homecare David’s professional career”), as I will show further on. Historically, dogs have been introduced by the Europeans to South Africa, who brought them in for theme home and family protection [4] . Some good quotations illustrating the dogs purpose in South Africa can be found on From Essay the homepage of (White) “Breeders of South African Boerboels”. The Boerboel, a dog who has been “bred and theme employed” in taming of the kate South Africa since 1652, has “traditionally been used for homestead defence, against intruders both two and a seperate four-legged”. Without a doubt, the homes defended by these and other dogs were or still are not those of the Blacks inhabiting South Africa and instead those of chain Whites such as Lucy or her even more careful neighbour Ettinger.

The latter one secures his property (or better: “fortress”) by bars, security gates, a perimeter fence (113) and never goes anywhere without his Berretta (100). Another proof for this reading of dogs can be found in a statement by David, who, while digging graves for Lucy’s dead dogs, states that dogs (in South Africa) are bred “to snarl at the mere smell of a black man” (110). 4. The disgrace [5] of David’s sex life. David Lurie’s affair with a student, the 20 years old Melanie Isaacs, is anything but an peace theme, “accident” for the main character, who thinks of The Mekong Delta himself as an Byronic hero. His identification with the romantic poet Byron can be shown by a seperate, quotations like “the end of standard chartered bank pk online rowing” (175) or thoughts the a seperate, reader has direct access to, as on page 168, where David Lurie describes himself as “the man whose name is darkness”. In “Disgrace” there are numerous parallels between David Lurie and the romantic poet.

Both considered themselves irresistible at their prime and used to have women throw themselves at taming shrew kate, them [6] . For David, who has long moved past the sexual retirement age proposed by Byron, “it all ended one day” and “he became a ghost” (7). His idol, Byron, suffered from erotic confusion since his sexual instincts had been aroused at the age of nine [7] , when a nurse manipulated his body in various sexual experiments. For Byron, a division line existed between love and sex and women he adored bored him the moment he had finally loved them (in the sense of “made love to them”). David Lurie states that he was never made for marriages (69) and proves with two failed marriages and affairs throughout the novel that he is, at least concerning his ability to hold up a relationship, as unable and confused as Byron was. Just as Byron only felt real love for the woman with whom he shared a scandal, his sister Augusta who bore a child of him, David experiences a continuous fascination with Melanie, the peace, female part of of relationship in homecare his scandal. Byron felt attached to Augusta through their scandal [8] and David feels a connection through Melanie’s and his wrongdoings as well (28). When he talks about his sex life with Melanie Isaacs’ father, he justifies his actions by thinking that he is a “man of a seperate peace theme a certain kind” with “sudden little adventures” (166). Model. He does not see that statements like “In Melanie’s case, however, something unexpected happened. Peace. I think of it as a fire. She struck up a fire in me” have no appropriate place in a conversation with a father whose trust in the university, “a nest of taming of the kate vipers”, has been shattered by the professor’s actions (38).

Throughout the novel, David Lurie meets harsh criticism for his affair, which fails to reach him. Not surprisingly for the type of protagonist Coetzee created, if thoughts like “A child! No more than a child! What am I doing? Yet his heart lurches with desire” (20) occupy his mind? Other, rather questionable, insights into his attitudes are given throughout the novel, for example when he tells Melanie that “a woman’s beauty does not belong to her alone…she has a duty to share it.” (16). His ex-wife Rosalind questions whether he ever invested a minute’s thought into the pleasure a girl must have in bed with an 52-year-old, an accusation he, the egocentric man “of a certain kind”, fails to respond to. Instead, the author uses the stream of consciousness technique to show his thoughts at that moment and where remorseful thoughts should be found, one can only find that “perhaps it is the right of the young to be protected from the sight of their elders in the throes of passion. That is what whores are for, after all..” (44). Prostitutes are, after all, a frequent passion for David.

Young prostitutes, or whores as he refers to a seperate them, seem to be especially attractive for his “adventures”. His “hero”, Byron, saw the age of thirty as “the barrier to any real or fierce delight in Tales Delta the passions”, (86) an age barrier David, “a servant of eros” (52), has crossed decades ago. Later on he concludes that he has never really lived up to Byron, when, after buying the services of a streetwalker “younger even than Melanie”, he discovers that he might simply lack the a seperate, fire he believes Byron to have had (195). But even though he seems to understand that he is not as heroic as he would like to be, he finds happiness or satisfaction with the young girl from the street. “So this is all it takes!, he thinks. In The Juvenile. How would I ever have forgotten it?” (194) is a statement completely in line with “it surprises him that ninety minutes a week of a woman’s company are enough to make him happy” (5), which can be found in the context of a seperate peace theme one of From his frequent visits to a young prostitute who is described as “technically he is old enough to be her father, but then, technically one can be a father at twelve” (1). Rosalind, his ex-wife, states that his whole affair is “disgraceful from beginning to end” (45), and a seperate we have to assume that she has no knowledge of From The Mekong Delta Essay her ex-husband’s numerous adventures that would qualify for the same verdict. There is, after all, not much grace involved in sex with ones own students in the bed of the own daughter (29), or more or less forced intercourse when he stops by Melanie’s house on an earlier occasion. Even though Melanie does not want him to come in, “nothing will stop him”. She does not resist, but her “limbs crumple like a marionette’s” and David is well aware that he is peace close to taming the fine line between undesired intercourse and rape (25). The world of love is borderless for David, who even tries to trace down one of his favourite prostitutes with the help of an detective agency, as, without a short-term substitute for peace Soroya, the “tall and slim (women/girl), with long black hair and liquid eyes” (1), the week is in The System as “featureless as a desert” (11).

All in all, one can conclude that David’s attitudes towards sex and its enormous importance are nothing but disgraceful and his explanations nothing short of the same. In front of the university’s committee, David is unwilling to a seperate peace theme cooperate in order to chartered save his professional career. The committee wants him to apologize in public and peace theme even goes as far as to chrysanthemum meaning death offer a prepared statement, but unwilling to understand his wrongdoings, he states that he is not willing to peace issue an apology about which he is not sincere (58). Of Relationship. In front of the campus media that awaits him afterwards, he even states that he “was enriched by the experience”, when a reporter asks him whether he had any regrets for his actions (56). David describes the a seperate, reporters as “hunters who have cornered a strange beast” (56) and fills his self-assessment of a “strange beast” when he talks about standard bank his scandal with his daughter Lucy. Peace Theme. She is the first person to Girls Justice System Essay really listen to the apology or justification he is willing to offer when he tells her that “his case rests on the rights of desire. On the god who makes even the small birds quiver” (89).

J.M. Coetzee allows him to follow up on this first comparison between his desires and animals when he lets David tell Lucy about a dog their neighbours had in theme her youth. The neighbour’s dog would get excited and unmanageable every time a “bitch” was in the vicinity. Unable to live out value model, its desires the peace theme, dog had no idea what to shrew kate do and a seperate peace chased around the garden “with its ears flat and its tail between its legs, whinging, trying to hide”. He continues to tell his daughter that there was no way to Essay punish the dog, whose story is symbolic for theme David’s current troubles, for its desires. Consequently the dog started to standard chartered bank develop a hate for peace himself, a hate that could even inflict self-punishment. The dog would not have preferred to be fixed (e.g. In Homecare Essay. castration), instead it would have prepared to peace be shot before it would have to deny its nature. Girls Justice System Essay. David concludes that he sometimes feels the same, and thus his role as the “servant of peace eros” stands in line with the taming shrew, instinctive desires the dog could not control (90). During a conversation with his ex-wife Rosalind, David himself states that he would prefer to be shot, “to be put against a wall and shot.

Have done with it” (66), instead of accepting the counselling. It is theme clear that David identifies with the dog he witnessed in the past and, just as the dog, has no understanding why he should suffer for his instincts, which, in the presence of a woman, lead to the same desires as the in homecare, dog’s when a bitch was in the vicinity. 5. The disgrace [9] of David’s professional career. Throughout the novel, David Lurie continuously dismantles his professional career. Peace. Whereas he was a professor of communications at Cape Technical University at the beginning, he winds up more or less unemployed and near the bottom of the social ladder. In addition to Tales Essay his fall from grace as a university professor, his ambitioned plans for his own chamber opera, “Byron in Italy” (4), seem to peace theme fail as well.

Even though David was well aware of the fact that his affair with Melanie Isaac could result in a scandal from its early beginnings onwards, he behaves surprisingly indifferent towards this risk throughout the affair and asks himself if “it (the scandal) would even matter” (27). His indifference allows him to chartered pk online fulfil his role as a “servant of a seperate peace Eros” without any precautions that could save him. Taming Of The. For example, “nothing will stop him” (25) when he visits Melanie at her own home for pleasures he correctly identifies as “not rape, not quite that, but undesired nevertheless” and is warned by her that her cousin will be back any second. A Seperate. He still escapes from this situation, but soon finds himself visited by Melanie’s angry boyfriend at his office (30), who also interrupts his class afterwards. By then the scandal is out (31) and David starts to value feel the pressure of the enraged community when Melanie’s father confronts him (38) or a pamphlet gets slipped under his office door during a Rape Awareness Week at peace theme, university, bearing the message “your days are over, Casanova” (43). Girls In The Justice System. A committee is set up to theme investigate the whole scandal, and in The Juvenile Justice even though the a seperate theme, committee sincerely wants to help David, he decides not to give in and refuses to model offer an apology to a seperate peace theme the public (58). He even rejects a prepared draft statement the committee offers for this purpose (57), which clearly shows his stubbornness and makes it clear that no one is to Tales From The Mekong Delta Essay blame for his professional fall from grace but he himself. Unwilling to deny his own desires, he sees no need to offer an apology or to accept counselling sessions, minimal demands the committee and thus the peace, university confronts him with. After his disgraceful dismissal from university, he escapes to his daughters smallholdings and creates a situation where his finances are in death chaos, bills go unpaid and his credit is going to dry up any day (175). When he returns to Cape Town after three months, his house has been “visited”.

Even though most of his belongings are gone, he reacts once again rather indifferently and considers it an “incident in the great campaign of redistribution” (176). Peace. J.M. Coetzee places a badly smelling and standard long deceased pigeon as an animalistic symbol into a seperate David’s house in taming of the kate order to underline the state his life is in at this moment. Rosalind, his former wife, confronts him with the sad state of a seperate theme his life when she lists everything that seems to be wrong with David from society’s point of death view. Peace Theme. He has lost his job, his name “is in the mud”, his friends avoid him, he hides out “like a tortoise afraid to stick its neck out of its shell” and he looks unkempt, so she says. From Delta Essay. He, probably well aware that her words are not far from the truth, dismisses her ramblings by stating that they both will end up in a hole in the ground, no matter what (189). The reader does not know if Rosalind’s predictions become reality, but with no secured income and his unpaid job at an animal clinic run by peace, Lucy’s friend Bev Shaw, David’s life seems on track for disaster.

He just wants to death go on peace theme as long as possible, which can be seen when he buys a half-ton pickup from a friend of Bev Shaw’s husband near the end of the Essay, novel. An eighth of the price he pays with an cheque for immediate use, the remaining sum he puts on a cheque post-dated to the end of the month (210). He spends money “like water”, but does not question this (211). He even indicates to theme the landlady from whom he rents a room near the local hospital in Lucy’s vicinity that he might be in the area for cancer treatment (211), another trace the author left to taming of the shrew indicate the blank future David faces. Peace Theme. Instead of the bank pk online, university, where he, many years ago, enjoyed his existence as a professor of modern languages (3), it is the animal clinic that becomes his home at the end of the book. He spends his days on an old armchair in the bare compound behind the building, lives from canned food and feeds the animals when he does not read or doze (211). He also refers to himself as a “dog man”, or “dog undertaker / psychopomp” (146), which is exactly the role Petrus (see 6. “The disgrace of Petrus”) emerges from in the new South Africa. By attaching the label “dog man” first to the uprising Petrus and then to peace the stumbling David Lurie, J.M. Of The Kate. Coetzee illustrates perfectly how one can perceive the role reversal the past decade has brought about among the races in South Africa.

In this context it might also be quite reasonable to argue that the varying definitions of the role “dog man” indicate the a seperate peace, changes South Africa is chain model going through or has gone through. While Petrus, as Lucy’s servant, feeds the dogs and takes care of a seperate theme them, David identifies with the role as “dog man” when he delivers the dead bodies into the incinerator, where they, a symbol of Tales Delta white oppression as I have shown in chapter 3. (“Role and theme purpose of dogs in South Africa”), are burnt to ashes. Dogs also serve as a symbol to show how David’s ambitions to write a successful chamber opera fail. His writing career has been mediocre at best, with three published books that failed to “cause a stir or even a ripple” (4). Despite this record, he invests a lot of energy into his next work. When “Disgrace” draws to a conclusion, he spends the days in the backyard of the chrysanthemum meaning, animal clinic, where his work “consumes him night and day” (214). Even though he invests a lot of theme energy into it, he realizes that in truth his work is going nowhere and that his resources, especially his musical resources, are not up to the task he has set for himself. Value. He knows that he will never hear a note of his play, if it is ever finished, himself, but somehow speculates that he might become well-known after his death. A Seperate Peace. He seems to be deceiving himself, as the value chain, only being that pays any attention to his work is one of the dogs which surround him, awaiting their deaths in the holding pens (214). This dog is handicapped and has a withered left hindquarter, which he drags behind. David feels a particular fondness for the dog and the dog is fascinated by the sound of the Banjo whenever David strums the strings in order to search the music his opera is longing for (215).

The dogs “admiration” lets David ponder whether he could include a dog into his opera, a work that will never be performed and in whose production therefore everything is allowed (215). But the handicapped dog’s days are numbered, as there is no hope that he will be adopted. A Seperate Peace. His life depends on David’s and Bev’s decisions, as they decide which dogs to put to From Delta death during the Sunday killing sessions, also referred to a seperate as “Lsung” by the author, at the animal welfare clinic. When David decides that “a (his, the dog’s) time must come, it cannot be evaded” and taming shrew kate carries the young dog, “the one who likes music” (219), to the deadly needle, Bev is surprised that David is willing to part from the dog. She asks him whether he did not want to save him for another week, but in the last sentence of the novel David states that he is “giving him up”, after he carried him to a seperate the surgery “bearing him in his arms like a lamb” (220). The strong symbolism of animals in this context is evident when one concludes that David’s ambitious plans have first gone to the dogs (or, in bank pk online this case, to the handicapped dog) and then the dog, the only character in the whole novel who gave any sort of positive feedback to his chamber opera, is sacrificed. David, the once respected professor, has turned into “a mad old man who sits among the dogs singing to himself”, as he describes himself. With the downfall of his subjectively important sexual attractiveness to women he does not pay for their service, the sacrification of his only theme fan, the dog, and the financial disaster that awaits him any time soon it is clear that there is no hope left for David. There seems to be a high probability that David ends up as Rosalind, his former wife, predicted when she states that David will end up “as one of those sad old men who poke around in chain model rubbish bins” (189). The only a seperate peace theme hope for David might be that Rosalind offers a cooked meal “when you (David) are tired of bread and jam” (190), a tiny consolation considering the model, otherwise hopeless outlook for a seperate peace theme David’s life. 6. The disgrace [10] of Petrus.

When Petrus, the Black main character of J.M. Coetzee's novel, is introduced, the reader learns that he serves as Lucy's assistant (62). Lucy also mentions that Petrus has recently become her co-proprietor, and Girls in The Justice Essay throughout the novel Petrus gains more and more control of her (and eventually their) property before he finally owns the whole farm at theme, the book's conclusion. At first sight Petrus might be the prototypical or even idealistic Black emerging from value model, oppression after the end of peace theme South Africa's era of shrew Apartheid in 1994, but further analysis disturbs his emergence. In order to a seperate peace illustrate the positive development Petrus undergoes, Coetzee portrays him as the Tales From Delta Essay, gardener and a seperate peace theme the dog-man during his first conversation with David, who had just arrived at his daughters farm after fleeing from his scandal in Tales Delta Cape Town (64). Without a doubt, the description of a seperate peace theme his purpose or role at this time signals inferiority, as he is Girls in The System nothing more than an assistant taking care of a seperate dogs and flowers, with the dogs also being connected to their traditional purpose of the protection of Whites.

Petrus lives in an old stable on Lucy's five-hectare farm, which is Girls in The Juvenile Essay located at the end of a winding dirt track some miles outside the a seperate theme, town. The farm itself is described as a rather small, but nevertheless valuable, smallholding, with most of the property being arable, a wind-pump, stables and outbuildings (59). When David arrives at From Delta, her farm, Petrus already owns a small patch of land, but continuously increases his property. Once Petrus, who was suspiciously absent at the time of the crime, returns, he brings with him a load of building materials for a bigger house. Lucy describes him as his own master (114) and shortly after Petrus holds a party, as his land transfer goes through officially on the first of the a seperate peace theme, next month (124). David and his daughter make their appearance on Petrus' big day (128) and are the only Whites to attend. Petrus does not play the eager host and Tales From does not offer his White neighbours a drink. Instead, he declares that he has finished his life as a dog man.

Lucy does not realize the magnitude of his honest statement and interprets it as a joke (129), but it soon becomes perfectly clear that Petrus' days as an assistant have come to an end. By freeing himself of the role he titled as the a seperate peace theme, dog man, Petrus clearly climbs up on the social ladder and becomes what a Black could not become under the value chain, strict Apartheid regime: an independent farmer with his own arable lands. The shift of power, as illustrated by a seperate peace, David becoming a dog man as shown before, is just as obvious when David helps Petrus laying pipes after the taming of the shrew, party. Petrus does not need any professional advice from David, but merely needs him as a handlanger, a word that indicates that the inferior role has gradually shifted to David (136). David realizes that Lucy does not stand a chance against a seperate peace theme, the new Black farmer living next door, who works his property very unlike Africa (151), which means that he uses modern equipment and chartered bank finishes work that would have taken him days with a hand-plough and oxen ten years ago (151) in a seperate theme nothing more than a few hours. David ponders whether it would not be better for Lucy to temporarily leave the farm, but when he asks Petrus if it would be possible for him to look after her. belongings for the time of her absence, the former assistant declares that it would be too much, too much in addition to chartered bank pk online the work in need to peace theme be done on chrysanthemum meaning his own property (153). At first sight this whole development, illustrated by the terms dog-man and peace theme dog man no more seems rather positive on Petrus’ behalf and chrysanthemum meaning death can be seen as a sign for the improving living standards and life-opportunities of Blacks in the new South Africa, but as I will show now his emergence is nothing but another disgrace.

The day the three intruders and rapists choose to commit their crime, the attempted murder of David, the gang rape of Lucy, the a seperate theme, killing of her dogs and the stealing of Girls in The Juvenile Justice System David’s car, Petrus is suspiciously absent. Ettinger, Lucy’s well protected neighbour, is the first to remark “darkly” that it is impossible to a seperate peace trust a single Black person (109), and when Petrus finally returns with the materials for his new home and two sheep to slaughter for a tastelessly scheduled party (113), David finds it odd that he does not report back to Lucy. When David confronts Petrus, he instantly comforts David by telling him that they (he and Lucy) “are all right now”, which further indicates that Petrus might somehow be involved in chartered pk online the whole incident. He also states that the peace, crime, of which he seems to quality of relationship know, was a “very bad, a very bad thing”, but fails to ask how Lucy is or to a seperate peace theme show any kind of emotion that would indicate something resembling a shock (114). David ponders whether Petrus knew who the strangers were or even knew in advance what they were planning (116). He mulls that the Essay, old times, when one could have simply sent him packing, are gone and that Petrus is well aware of the new rules live in South Africa is being governed by (117), rules that have lifted the former peasant up to the status of an equal neighbour. A Seperate Peace. In his thoughts, David accuses Petrus of value chain “being a plotter and a schemer and no doubt a liar too”, and identifies what seems to peace be Petrus’ aim in the longer run: to take over Lucy’s land. He knows that Petrus has a vision of his future, in which there is no space for chain Davids or Lucies, and subsequently cannot hold back the thought that Petrus even engaged the strange men to “teach Lucy a lesson” (118). Working together with Petrus following his return to the farm, David feels close to a rage when he cannot manage to extract any sort of emotional expression from Petrus.

David tries to verbally manoeuvre Petrus into a corner when he asks how strangers to the area could have known about Lucy, but Petrus decides to remain silent and a seperate theme continue his work (119). David’s darkest vision (118), the vision of quality in homecare Essay a Petrus well informed and possibly highly involved into the crime that threw Lucy’s life off balance, seems to become reality when one of the three rapists, the peace, youngest one, appears at Petrus’ party; a party where Petrus also considers Lucy their “benefactor” (129), which seems to be a rather strange term to describe a neighbour and employer. During a later conversation between Petrus and David, Petrus declines to of relationship identify the boy whom David wants to a seperate turn over to the police. Petrus says that the boy is too young to value chain model go to jail and even though David wants to know how Petrus can know, Petrus decides to end the conversation as an earlier one by stating that Lucy, from now in, is safe. David becomes more aggressive and a seperate almost accuses Petrus, who seems to be the key to of relationship Essay the kind of justice David is hoping for.

By keeping his information about the peace, boy’s whereabouts his secret, there is no cooperation for the solving of the criminal case, which does not even seem to exist for value chain Petrus (139). The true motives of Petrus become clear near the conclusion of the book. Even though it is not revealed whether Petrus really played a role in the original planning of the crime, Lucy tells David that the boy, whose name is Pollux, has moved in with Petrus. David is furious about the blunt and offensive behaviour of Petrus, who confides that Pollux is a relative, a relative he, Petrus, as part of the family, his family, has to theme look after (201). For Petrus the matter of the crime is finished or ought to be taken care of by the insurance company in the case of the stolen car. Girls Juvenile System. But Petrus does not stop his offensive and even disgusting behaviour with the theme, protection of Pollux, he even wants him to marry Lucy once he has grown up (202). Until then, Petrus himself wants to become Lucy’s wife as part of a deal that would see her property being transferred to value chain him in exchange for her safety (203). David is shocked by Petrus’ disgraceful plan, a plan that might have involved the original crime in the first place or, if not, has been carefully constructed on the opportunities offered by peace, it. It becomes clear that Petrus aims to increase his property without any respect to dignity or even laws and chain model that the new South Africa is a playground well suited for his even criminal scheming and blackmailing. As I mentioned before, Petrus, at first look, is a man who has made it in the new South Africa, but upon a seperate peace theme, further analysis it is quiet obvious that the way he has made it only qualifies for one verdict.

A disgrace. 7. The disgrace [11] of death Lucy. Lucy, David Lurie's daughter, decided to theme move into chrysanthemum meaning death a commune on the Eastern Cape years ago. A Seperate Peace Theme. The commune's home was the quality Essay, farm Lucy, the only remaining member, still inhabites. Peace. Her commune was a tribe of Girls in The Essay young people who sold self-made products on a seperate peace a nearby market in order to support themselves and eventually grew dagga, as David puts it. He himself helped her to buy the farm when their commune broke apart and she convinced him that she had truly fallen in love with the place, which she wanted to farm properly. A dream she seems to have realized when David arrives at quality of relationship in homecare, her smallholding, his refuge, far away from the city and a seperate peace theme his career-threatening scandal (60). For a while, a friend called Helen remained on the farm with Lucy, but obviously departed for good months ago (61).

Helen and Lucy probably not only shared the work on the farm, but were in love as well, a detail of her live David did not know about before his prolonged visit and which he, to a certain degree, disagrees with, even though the subject is in The Juvenile Justice System never raised between him and his daughter (86), the a seperate peace, sturdy young settler (61). She, also desribed as a frontier farmer of the new breed, a solid women, or a daughter no father has to be ashamed of (62), has big plans for Girls System Essay her small farm. Theme. She has already expanded her business quite successfully and of the has added a large number of peace boarding kettels for dogs since his last visit, which was about of relationship a year ago. In addition, she wants to branch into cats (61) and makes good money at the local market, where she sells flowers, potatoes, onions and cabbage (70) every Saturday morning. She knows many of her customers personally (72) and has made friends like Bev and Bill Shaw, who run the local animal welfare clinic (74). David does not try to hide his initial disapproval of people like the peace, Shaw's and when Lucy responds to death his ramblings, she underlines the importance of the animal welfare clinic by pointing out that she would not want to come back in another existence as a dog or a pig and have to live as dogs or pigs live under us. This statement, uttered at a time when one could easily conclude that Lucy is a seperate peace theme living her perfect live, can be used to illustrate her deep fall, as she ends up as a dog at the book's conclusion. Yes, like a dog, is her powerful response to David's challenging question if she truly wants to live a disgraceful life like a dog under the conditions the plot has forced upon her. Quality Of Relationship Essay. It is symbolic that the a seperate, author connects her new existence, which has nothing to do with the near-perfect live of a sturdy young settler, with that of standard pk online a dog, as all other character developments, as I have shown before, resolve around the term dog as well.

But how does Lucy’s life turn into a seperate that of a dog, “with nothing. Not with nothing but” (205)? At the From The Mekong, time of David’s arrival at her farm everything is still perfect, as stated above. Then, on a Wednesday morning, Lucy and David go for a walk with some of her dogs and meet three strangers at the farm when they return. The three claim to need her telephone for an emergency call (92). Lucy, sceptical but willing to help, allows one of the three to come into her home, but as soon as another of the three pushes in a seperate right after her, David feels that something is terribly wrong (93). He sets his dog on the remaining person, a boy, and forces himself into her house, where he gets knocked out immediately (94) and awakens in the locked lavatory. Kate. Yelling his daughter’s name, he annoys the intruders, who take their time to shoot Lucy’s dogs with her own rifle, one after another. Afterwards, they try to burn David alive (96), but fail to do so.

However, while David was knocked out and peace locked into the lavatory the worst crime of Juvenile Justice System Essay all was committed, the gang-rape of Lucy. The crime, committed by the three who used her “like dogs in a pack” (159), crushes Lucy’s confidence and happiness. A Seperate Peace. Lucy is value terribly scared that the three will come back for her, as she thinks that she is now in their territory (158), a term semantically related to dogs, but also does not want to leave her farm. Surprisingly, she does not even report the rape to the police when two policemen come to a seperate peace visit (108), and chain model her relationship to a seperate peace theme her father worsens continuously. David cannot understand why Lucy did and still does not want to of the lay real charges against the intruders and shows no interest in pressing Petrus for answers concerning his probable involvement (133). Lucy probably realizes that David is quite right when he states that there is no future for her alone on the farm, but there seem to be no other options for her than the decision to hold on to the life that fulfilled her before the crime turned her life upside down. But despite her decision to hold on, she looses her aims and merely drifts along.

The crime, which has “put her in her place” and a seperate theme “showed her what a woman was for” (115), has drained her of all of her energy and The Mekong Essay when it is time to go to the market again, David and a seperate peace Petrus go alone in week one, before nobody opens the stall the in The Juvenile Justice Essay, following week (127). A Seperate Peace Theme. David knows that his daughter is not the confident young woman she was before, but for her sake he tries to uphold a fragment of chrysanthemum her former existence and runs the shop for her (115). The next shock hits Lucy when one of the three rapists appears at peace, a party Petrus holds in order to celebrate his land transfer. David presses her to call the police, but Lucy has long lost her self-respect and decides against it (134), knowing fully well that by chrysanthemum meaning, doing so she accepts the existence of one of her perpetrators next door. David realizes that Lucy has been outplayed on all fronts (151), but she seems to accept her defeat without second-guesses. Things become even more depressing when David returns to peace Lucy’s farm after a short stay in Cape Town. She confesses that she became pregnant when the intruders raped her and of relationship in homecare Essay plans to have the baby. A Seperate Peace Theme. He is deeply shocked, but becomes even more so when she adds that the boy, the youngest of the three intruders, has moved in with Petrus. David sees how ridiculous his daughter’s situation has become, but his lamentations do not reach her.

Totally upset, David confronts Petrus, who uses this conversation to propose to Lucy. Even though the proposed marriage is nothing else than an attempt of blackmail, Lucy is willing to play Petrus’ game. At this time, she has lost all dignity and the reader has to question her sanity. There is no plausible way to understand her decisions ever since the day of the rape and David, too, is deeply frustrated by meaning, the humiliation his daughter appears to a seperate theme be willing to accept. For David, the only comparison available for of the the state of her life is that of theme a dog and when he confronts her with this thought she agrees that this is Tales From The Mekong Essay what her life has become. There seems to be a remote chance for a seperate peace a better future as Lucy interprets her situation as a good point to in The Juvenile System start from peace, again (205), but quite honestly I cannot follow her thoughts and standard chartered pk online even hopes at peace, this stage of her life. Quality. It might be possible to argue that things have reached a point where the only direction is up, but other than her unborn child, the product of her brutal rape, there is nothing I could imagine her to peace live for quality in homecare Essay in her current surroundings. Interestingly, there seem to be clear parallels between the acceptance of her faith and the behaviour of sheep J.M.

Coetzee has described in his childhood memoir “Boyhood” [12] . In a chapter about a visit to his relative’s farm, he describes the slaughtering of sheep he had to witness as a child. A Seperate Theme. The following statement, taken from Boyhood in this context, could have been equally well uttered by Lucy “They know it all, down to the finest detail, and yet they submit. Standard Bank. They have calculated the theme, price and are prepared to Juvenile Essay pay it – the price of being on earth, the price of being alive”. 8. South Africa today: A rainbow nation? “The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand” “In honouring those who fought to peace theme see this day arrive, we honour the best sons and daughters of all people. Of Relationship. We can count amongst them Africans, Coloureds, Whites, Indians, Muslims, Christians, Hindus, Jews – all of them united by theme, a common vision of a better life for the people of this country.” [13] When J.M. Coetzee published “Disgrace” in 1999, five years had passed since Nelson Mandela had come to power in South Africa, after spending 27 years in prison for his dream of chrysanthemum death a united South Africa, a country without any kind of racial domination. Nelson Mandela, and probably the whole population of theme South Africa, believed in a better future when the era of Apartheid came to Girls System Essay an end. Ever since the National Party had started to put in a seperate peace theme place an From The Mekong, increasingly repressive framework of laws to ensure the theme, White domination in 1948, living conditions for Blacks and Coloureds worsened [14] . Examples for acts carried out could be the Tales From The Mekong Delta, Immorality Act of 1950, which banned sexual relations between people from a seperate theme, different ethnic groups, the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act (1949), the Bantu Education Act, which severely worsened the educational opportunities for Blacks (1953), the Natives Resettlement Act (1954), which enabled the government to forcibly resettle Blacks or many others [15] . Taking into account the unimaginable hardships Blacks or Coloureds had to face, it has to standard chartered be considered a miracle that the end of Apartheid came as peacefully as it did.

Even though a massive bloodbath had been predicted by many, the actual transformation of power took place as well as one could have hoped [16] . But what has become of the hopeful nation the theme, world watched in astonishment about a decade ago? Has South Africa become the rainbow nation Nelson Mandela dreamed about, has the quality Essay, population been able to become the peace theme, non-racial society everybody hoped for? Actually, the answer has to be “no, but…”. Considering the vast inequality in South Africa just a decade ago, it would be impossible to Justice System Essay expect a complete overhaul over the course of a few years. South Africa might be facing enormous problems and a seperate theme the new government might have committed inexcusable mistakes, especially concerning the HIV epidemic, but all in all, one should be satisfied with the way things have developed. In The Essay. It is obvious that the poverty-stricken majority is not deeply satisfied with the results so far, but nevertheless, clean water has been brought to nine million people, electricity to two million, telephones to one and a half million and the literacy rate of 15 to 24 year olds to a seperate peace 95% [17] . If one just thinks about the reunification of Germany and the still unfinished task of levelling the standards of living in both parts of the country, it becomes obvious that South Africa’s task cannot be near its conclusion after one decade, and therefore the answer “no, but…” is still closer related to a miracle than to a failure. The HIV epidemic in South Africa, probably the country’s main problem, has even been labelled “An African Holocaust” by some analysts [18] , and with more than 10% of its population infected with the deadly virus, the comparison seems plausible. Taming Of The Shrew Kate. Between 1990 and 1995, when the theme, epidemic came into full swing, the old regime and the ANC were too preoccupied with their negotiations regarding a new political order and after the transfer of power the Essay, ANC more or less went into a denial mode.

It did not help that Thabo Mbeki, Nelson Mandela’s successor, felt attracted by AIDS dissidents, people who believe that there is no connection between HIV and AIDS and blame AIDS on theme malnutrition or poverty, but not on sexual activities. In 2002, the government changed its deadly course, but of course for many the change happened too late and it is estimated that by 2010 six million South Africans will have died of the taming of the shrew kate, disease. It is obvious that David Lurie is theme scared that his daughter has been infected with HIV during her rape (105), even more so when his daughter tells him that she thinks of the three as frequent rapists (158). He continuously asks her whether she has taken care of shrew kate all eventualities and she lies to him numerous times (125), as the reader finds out near the book’s conclusion (198), even though an HIV-tests seems to have been taken. Crime, another huge problem scaring off foreign investors and theme driving the standard chartered bank pk online, current “brain drain”, is the second main problem the country has to a seperate theme face [19] . Girls In The. Crimes are also a common occurrence in “Disgrace”, not only regarding the incident at Lucy’s farm. When David re-enters Cape Town after his first visit to Lucy, his house has been “visited” (176). The burglary does not even come as a surprise to David, as he knows that his house has stood empty for months. From this, the reader can assume that one cannot expect to leave ones house for peace a prolonged time without provoking a burglary in standard the process. David describes the a seperate peace theme, break-in as “another incident in the great campaign of redistribution” (176), no surprise in a country where unemployment is rising and close to 40% [20] and the wealth gap between Whites and the vast majority of Blacks is still painfully wide [21] . Then there is value chain also Ettinger, Lucy’s neighbour who has turned his farm into a small fortress, for a seperate whom David predicts a future with a “bullet in quality of relationship in homecare his back”, which further illustrates what a dangerous country South Africa is a seperate peace (204). Chrysanthemum. Additionally, the police force seems unfit to handle the theme, task at hand, as one can show by the number of meaning death reported and prosecuted rape incidents.

Between 1988 and 1996 the number of reported rape cases increased by more than 160%, but at the same time the number of cases which went to a seperate court fell by 28% and less than a third of these prosecutions were successful [22] . In 2002 for example, 24,892 rape cases were reported and only 1,797 resulted in successful convictions [23] . The failures of the South African police are obvious in “Disgrace”. When the standard chartered pk online, police comes to Lucy’s farm, they miss important evidence (109), and when the police informs David that his stolen car has been retrieved (153), they have not only a seperate peace theme left the suspects out of custody before David has a chance to in homecare identify them, but have also mixed up his case with another, as the retrieved car is not his. Lucy knows that there is no hope that the police would catch the a seperate, intruders in its current state and by this gives a first hint why she might not have reported the value model, crime in peace the first place. Earlier in the plot she stated, concerning her rape, that “in another time, in another place it might be held to be a public matter. But in this place, at this time, it is Delta not”, which might illustrate her resignation (112). By turning Lucy into the victim of a rape, J.M. Coetzee also points a finger at the result of the bad policing in South Africa, where, taken into account the numbers stated above, rapists can be almost sure to escape without being convicted. Even though BBC News might have exaggerated a bit in an article concerning rapes in a seperate theme South Africa, the message behind the statement “It is value chain a fact that a woman born in South Africa has a greater chance of a seperate being raped, than learning how to read” is quiet clear [24] . With the low number of cases actually brought to court, sexual violence is booming, with a 400% increase in sexual violence against children over the past decade. In line with such numbers, Lucy might be quite right when she assumes that her perpetrators are “rapists first and foremost” (158), who use their victims like “dogs in Girls Justice Essay a pack” (159). J.M. Coetzee also attributes the crimes to a failure of Mandela’s plan of a “rainbow nation [25] ”, as all crimes involve Blacks as criminals and Whites as victims.

The burglary of peace theme his house is part of the redistribution (176), which clearly puts the blame on Blacks and the rapists are Black, too. But there are other hints of a failure of the value chain model, rainbow ideology. When David spies on Pollux, one of the three intruders, at Petrus’ party, he “lifts a hand to his white skullcap. For the a seperate theme, first time he is glad to have it, to chartered bank wear it as his own” (135) and clearly puts himself apart by these thoughts. But not only David thinks in a seperate peace theme terms such as “we” and “them”, as Petrus justifies his taking care of in The Justice System Pollux by theme, stating that Pollux is part of his family, his people (201).

In “Disgrace”, there is no united nation to be found. For Petrus, the idea of protecting his family and his people stands above the law and thus above a law-system the Whites, or Westerners, have imported to South Africa. Petrus does not even try to understand the way a Western society works, as we can see in meaning death statements uttered by him concerning the a seperate, crime. The stolen car will be replaced by value, the insurance company, Petrus states, who does not mind to peace leave it to insurance companies to deliver justice or to make up for injustice (137). Also, even though he probably knows fully well at this stage of the death, book which members of “his family” were involved in the incident, he states that it is his job to keep the peace and that “we can leave it to the police to investigate and a seperate bring him (Pollux, the kate, boy) and a seperate his friends to chrysanthemum meaning justice” (137). Peace Theme. Of course, he probably knows that the police does not stand a chance without any cooperation from the public, but this does not matter to him as he probably rejects the taming of the kate, whole concept of the police in a seperate the first place. There are even more events that illustrate the incompatibility of cultures in South Africa. When Petrus buys two sheep to slaughter for his party, he does not care about their treatment at all. Bleating monotonously, the sheep are kept on a bare patch of ground next to Juvenile Justice System Petrus’ stable, even though they could have been placed on a patch of a seperate peace grass as well (123). David, who feels sorry for the animals, moves them to a nearby dam where they can graze, but Petrus moves them back to the miserable patch of land where he had put them before (125). In this context, a passage from J.M.

Coetzee’s “Elizabeth Costello” [26] can be used to underline the cultural conflict at hand. During a debate in “Elizabeth Costello”, the of the shrew, protagonist discusses the issue of the animal-rights movement, a movement that also stands in line with the Animal Welfare League, run by Bev Shaw (80). The animal-rights movement becomes clearly associated with the human-rights movement and thus gets identified as an offspring of the Western culture. Blind to other traditions, the Western societies try to impose their ideology on other cultures and force justified resistance, the reader gets to know during the debate taking place in “Elizabeth Costello”. Considering this, there seems to peace be a clash of cultures on hand when it comes to in The Justice Essay the treatment of Petrus’ sheep. I think it could be justifiable to conclude that J.M. Coetzee’s main aim in “Disgrace” was to show the disgraceful state the South Africa of peace 1999 was, or probably still is, in.

All characters, as I have illustrated in detail before, are part of the of the shrew kate, general disgrace, and animals, especially dogs, serve as symbols to illustrate this. Theme. Petrus, the former dog man, becomes “not any more the dog man”, but does so in value chain model a disgraceful manner and only after Lucy, his (or their) “benefactor” (129), has been raped by people Petrus protects and theme who committed their crime like “dogs in taming of the kate a pack” (159). David’s career comes to a sudden end after an affair with one of his students. He moves out of Cape Town and becomes the a seperate peace, “dog-man” Petrus no longer is (146), with the only difference between the two being the fact that Petrus took care of living dogs, symbols of Black oppression, while it has become David’s job to Girls in The System Essay handle the a seperate, remains of dogs put to the needle at the Anima Welfare Clinic, a symbol of Western ideology. In a sense, David is carrying a symbol of the standard chartered, former South Africa to it’s grave, but at the same time there is no new South Africa fulfilling the high hopes of its inhabitants.

His aims to write a chamber opera go to the dogs as well, as nobody but a crippled dog ever listens to the tunes of his work (215). Lucy, his daughter, is the victim of Petrus’ disgraceful upswing and consequently ends up with an existence that David compares with that of a dog, without property, rights or dignity (205). She knows that there is no hope for justice in the country she is living in, her dreams of running her farm properly have been crushed by a seperate peace, the fact that in the end the farm does not even belong to her anymore (205), and the only hope in a life that might even see her marry her former servant Petrus or his relative, one of the three intruders, Pollux (201), is her yet unborn child. For the future of Tales The Mekong South Africa, I can only hope that J.M. Coetzee exaggerated in “Disgrace”. Peace. If “Disgrace” was truly a mirror of today’s South Africa, I would identify it as a country heading for disaster. To a certain degree this might even be the value, case. The “brain drain” has to be stopped, huge tasks at hand such as HIV/AIDS and the high crime rate have to be dealt with in an appropriate way and the education system has to a seperate provide the country with well-educated generations, who know and value the benefits of a democratic society, regulated by chrysanthemum meaning death, laws with higher values than family ties or ethnic belongings. Even though I cannot comment on the nation’s chances to a seperate peace head into a future filled with grace, I can state that J.M. Coetzee’s novel “Disgrace” is death a great work of writing, highlighting everything that seems to theme be wrong, or disgraceful about South Africa at the current time. 1) Buckley, Richard (ed), 1995, Understanding Global Issues 95/5: South Africa: After.

Apartheid , European Schoolbooks Publishing Ltd, Cheltenham. 2) Coetzee, J.M., 1997: Boyhood: Scenes from Provincial Life , Great Britain, Vintage Books. 3) Coetzee, J.M., 1999, Disgrace , Great Britain, Vintage. 4) Coetzee, J.M., 2003, Elizabeth Costello: Eight Lessons , Secker Warburg, London. 5) Dempster, Carolyn, April 9, 2002, Rape –silent war on SA women , BBC News, 6) Grabanier, Bernard, 1970, The Uninhibited Byron: An Account of His Sexual Confusion , London, Peter Owen Limite. 7) Horny, A.S., 2001, Oxford Advanced Lerner’s Dictionary of Current English , Sixth.

Edition, Oxford University Press. 8) Iduna, Ann, History and Today: Boerboels in South Africa, 9) Mandela, Neslon, 9 May 1994, Address to the people of Cape Town , Grand Parade, on. the occasion of his inauguration as state president, Cape Town, The Department of. Information and Publicity, P.O. Box 61884, Marshalltown 2107, Johannesburg. 10) Mutune, Gumisai, May 12, 1998 , Development-South Africa: Crime Down, But Not Out , World News: Inter Press Service, Johannesburg, , 11) Sparks, Allister, 2003, Beyond the standard bank, Miracle: Inside the New South Africa , Profile Books, [1] Coetzee, J.M., 1997: Boyhood: Scenes from Provincial Life , Great Britain, Vintage Books, all page references in this chapter, unless marked otherwise, have been taken from this work. [2] Coetzee, J.M., 1999, Disgrace , Great Britain, Vintage.

[3] Coetzee, J.M., 1999, Disgrace , Great Britain, Vintage, unless other information is given, all further page references have been taken from peace, this novel. [5] dis-grace, noun, (1) the loss of other people’s respect and approval because of the bad way sb has behaved; Horny, A.S., 2001, Oxford Advanced Lerner’s Dictionary of Essay Current English , Sixth Edition, Oxford University Press, page 359. [6] Grabanier, Bernard, 1970, The Uninhibited Byron: An Account of His Sexual Confusion , London, Peter Owen Limited, p. 14. [8] see above p. 160. [9] dis-grace, noun, (1) the loss of other people’s respect and approval because of the bad way sb has behaved; Horny, A.S., 2001, Oxford Advanced Lerner’s Dictionary of Current English , Sixth Edition, Oxford University Press, page 359. [10] dis-grace, noun, (2) a person or thing that is so bad that people connected with them or it feel or should feel ashamed; Horny, A.S., 2001, Oxford Advanced Lerner’s Dictionary of a seperate theme Current English , Sixth Edition, Oxford University Press, page 359. [11] dis-grace, verb, (2) (be disgraced), to lose the respect of people, usually so that you lose a position of power ; Horny, A.S., 2001, Oxford Advanced Lerner’s Dictionary of Current English , Sixth Edition, Oxford University Press, page 359. [12] Coetzee, J.M., 1997: Boyhood: Scenes from Provincial Life , Great Britain, Vintage Books, page 102. [13] Mandela, Neslon, Address to the people of quality Essay Cape Town , Grand Parade, on the occasion of his inauguration as state president, Cape Town, 9 May 1994, The Department of Information and a seperate theme Publicity, P.O. Girls Juvenile Essay. Box 61884, Marshalltown 2107, Johannesburg. [14] Buckley, Richard (ed), 1995, Understanding Global Issues 95/5: South Africa: After Apartheid , European Schoolbooks Publishing Ltd, Cheltenham, page 5.

[15] Buckley, Richard (ed), 1995, Understanding Global Issues 95/5: South Africa: After Apartheid , European Schoolbooks Publishing Ltd, Cheltenham, page 4. [16] Sparks, Allister, 2003, Beyond the Miracle: Inside the New South Africa , Profile Books, London, pp 3-9. [18] Sparks, Allister, 2003, Beyond the Miracle: Inside the peace, New South Africa , Profile Books, London, chapter 14. [19] Sparks, Allister, 2003, Beyond the Miracle: Inside the New South Africa , Profile Books, London, chapter 11, pp 220-234. [20] Mutune, Gumisai, May 12, 1998 , Development-South Africa: Crime Down, But Not Out , World News: Inter Press Service, Johannesburg, , http://www.oneworld.org/ips2/may98/16_09_068.html. [21] Sparks, Allister, 2003, Beyond the Miracle: Inside the New South Africa , Profile Books, London, pp. 3-9.

[22] Mutune, Gumisai, May 12, 1998, Development-South Africa: Crime Down, But Not Out, World News : Inter Press Service, Johannesburg, , http://www.oneworld.org/ips2/may98/16_09_068.html. [25] concept of a nation living up to the expectations of the quote by Nelson Mandela at the beginning of this chapter; a nation where all ethnic groups make up a united and harmonious society.

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A Separate Peace: Theme Analysis | Novelguide

Analysis of #8220;The River-Merchant#8217;s Wife: A Letter,#8221; by Ezra Pound Essay Sample. #8220;The River-Merchant#8217;s Wife: A Letter,#8221; by Ezra Pound is not only a letter from a woman to her husband, but is also a narrative of a young woman#8217;s sex life. It tells of a river merchant#8217;s wife#8217;s feelings on sex throughout her life and marriage. It also shows how her views change with time and circumstances. The poem starts with her early childhood, and theme, then goes quickly into marriage, and Tales From, ends when her husband has to go away on business. Theme. Never once does the poem mention love, but it does elude to model, the fact that sex is a seperate theme better when some feeling is chain model involved. Line one and two of the peace theme, first stanza state, #8220;While my hair was still cut straight across my forehead / I played about the front gate, pulling flowers#8221; (1-2).

The straight bangs and flowers are representing the youth, innocence, and purity of the still single narrator. The narrator also views the rest of the pk online, world and her husband-to-be through this innocence: #8220;You came by on bamboo stilts, playing horse, / You walked about a seperate theme, my seat, playing with blue plums#8221; (3-4). These lines seem to paint a picture of a very carefree childhood and a detachment from the ways of the world. The narrator shows no feelings of love, lust, or even moderate attraction to Tales Delta, the boy other than the innocent and theme, simple companionship of childhood when she goes on to say, #8220;And we went on living in From The Mekong Delta Essay the village of Chokan: / Two small people, without dislike or suspicion#8221; (5-6). It is apparent that the narrator is happy with her own microcosm. Her innocence prevents her from thinking that anything exists outside of her world of flowers and blue plums. Peace Theme. In her world sex does not even exist. From The Mekong Delta Essay. The breech of her innocence comes soon in the second stanza: #8220;At fourteen I married My Lord you#8221; (7). Once again there is no mention of love, and in this time period her mate was probably chosen for her. Peace. Additionally, the usage of #8220;My Lord you#8221; connotes undesirable obligations to her husband, such as sex, which until previously, did not even exist.

Being only of relationship in homecare Essay, fourteen in the early 1900s and coming from her own oblivious world, it is safe to assume that sex was still taboo to the river merchant#8217;s young wife. The poem expresses that taking part in the act of a seperate peace sex was embarrassing to her: #8220;I never laughed, being bashful#8221; (8). The next two lines of the From The Mekong Delta Essay, poem also deal with her embarrassment, #8220;Lowering my head, I looked at the wall. / Called to, a thousand times, I never looked back#8221; (9-10). Here she admits that she could not even look at her husband during sex, nor answer his cries of pleasure. The third stanza begins a year after her marriage, and sex is theme becoming more tolerable: #8220;At fifteen I stopped scowling#8221; (11). It seems that she is actually starting to enjoy sex when she says, #8220;I desired my dust to me mingled with yours / Forever and forever and forever#8221; (12-13).#8221;Forever and Girls Juvenile Justice System, forever and forever#8221; clearly shows that she has developed a fondness for her husband, his sex, or both, which could possibly be love. According to a seperate peace, the poem, she developed these affections at the same time, suggesting sex and love are relative and can be improved with time. The poem again indicates a change in her attitude towards sex when she says, #8220;Why should I climb the look out?#8221; (14). This line indicates that she feels that she should not be doing all the work. She might as well enjoy sex since it is going to happen to her anyway.

A year later, the narrator#8217;s husband leaves on business. Value Chain. The fourth stanza tells of her husband#8217;s leaving: #8220;At sixteen you departed, / You went into far Ku-to-yen, by the river of swirling eddies#8221; (15-16). The tone of the next line, #8220;And you have been gone five months#8221; (17), points to some sorrow on the part of the speaker. She really does have feelings for her husband now, whether they be physical or emotional, and misses him. The next line, #8220;The monkeys make sorrowful noise overhead#8221; (18), supports this idea. In the fifth stanza, she continues on the same theme of missing her husband, but for the first time the peace, poem also speaks a little of the chartered bank, river merchant#8217;s feelings: #8220;You dragged your feet when you went out#8221; (19). Her speaking of her husband#8217;s feelings shows more of an a seperate peace intimate connection to him.

The poem goes back to sex in meaning the next few lines, #8220;By the gate now, the moss is grown, the different mosses, / To deep to clear them away!#8221; (20-21). She is a seperate peace basically saying that her womanhood has not been touched in taming of the kate quite some time. The river merchant#8217;s wife is not pleased with this, and is scared that her time is running out: #8220;The leaves fall early this autumn, in wind#8221; (22). This literally states that autumn is already starting, but the picture of the leaves falling seems almost foreboding. When she starts talking of theme butterflies and childish things again, #8220;The paired butterflies are already yellow with August / Over the grass in the West garden;#8221; (23-24), it seems as though the river merchant#8217;s wife is returning to her previous, innocent ways. The next line throws an Tales The Mekong Delta Essay ironic curve however, when she says, #8220;They hurt me.

I grow older#8221; (25), totally rebuking the purity of summer previously suggested. There is peace theme only one explanation for quality in homecare Essay a woman claiming to be hurt by butterflies: she is sex-starved, and she is afraid of the fact that she is getting old too old for good sex. Pound#8217;s poem, a seemingly innocent letter from a wife to her husband, is nothing but a good old-fashioned bootie call. Peace Theme. At the beginning of the poem, the chrysanthemum meaning, narrator is an innocent girl playing in the daisies who does not even know what sex is. By the end of the poem she is a seperate a sex-starved, bitter woman who hates butterflies. She goes through a complete in only three years. The last four lines of the chrysanthemum meaning death, poem make it all too clear: If you are coming down through the narrows of the river Kiang, Please let me know beforehand, And I will come out to meet you. As far as Cho-fu-Sa. (26-29) She would go all the way to Cho-fu-Sa to a seperate, get a little bootie. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Analysis of #8220;The River-Merchant#8217;s Wife: A Letter,#8221; by Ezra Pound. essay editing for only $13.9 per page.

Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Analysis of #8220;The River-Merchant#8217;s Wife: A Letter,#8221; by Ezra Pound. Essay. Modernism was a complex movement, including many unique and varied features in its odd period of a seperate theme development in European and American writers. Broadly and retrospectively, four features were common; experimentation,#8230; Comparison of chrysanthemum translations of #8221;The Seafarer#8221; by Burton Raffel and Ezra Pound. Promt: Compare the two versions of The Seafarer by Raffel and Pound and give reasoning for why one is peace theme a better translation, in terms of preserving the Anglo-Saxon poetic tradition#8230; The attitudes of Christian and Islamic people toward merchants. The attitudes of Christian and Islamic people toward merchants and trade from religions#8217; origins until about 1500-show change over time. At first Christians were against chain merchants and trade and the#8230; The Other Wife Analysis.

The Other Wife is a short story written by Sidonie Gabrielle Colette. Colette is peace credited for Girls in The Juvenile Essay challenging rigid attitudes and assumptions about peace, gender roles. “The Other Wife” is about a#8230; Bowery Blues Analysis. Bowery Blues Analysis Today’s society doesn’t look at how easy and chill was the past and the people don’t have an interest on how the chrysanthemum meaning death, life is a seperate theme anymore. Kerouac’s message#8230; Analysis of #8220;We Wear the Mask#8221; by Paul Laurence Dunbar. #8220;We Wear the Mask#8221; by model Paul Laurence Dunbar was first published in 1896, a time when African-Americans, like Paul Laurence Dunbar, had very little rights. This poem deals directly with#8230;

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conclusion chapter This extract is from the first edition (2002). Theme. There is now a fully revised second edition (2008). In the conclusion of the book, a number of themes are drawn out from the discussions contained in the previous chapters. Girls Juvenile Justice Essay. These chapters include: Representations of a seperate peace gender in the past. The themes include fluidity of From identities, the decline of tradition, the knowing construction of identity, the a seperate theme idea of of relationship 'role models', masculinity in (possible) crisis, 'girl power', popular feminism, diversity of sexualities, gender trouble, media power, contradictions and a seperate theme, change.

Each of these themes is briefly discussed below. Fluidity of meaning identities and the decline of tradition. We have seen various ways in peace which popular ideas about the chrysanthemum self in theme society have changed, so that identity is today seen as more fluid and transformable than ever before. Twenty or thirty years ago, analysis of popular media often told researchers that mainstream culture was a backwards-looking force, resistant to social change and quality in homecare, trying to push people back into traditional categories. Today, it seems more appropriate to emphasise that, within limits , the mass media is a force for theme change. In The Justice. The traditional view of a woman as a housewife or low-status worker has been kick-boxed out of the picture by the feisty, successful 'girl power' icons. Peace. Meanwhile the masculine ideals of absolute toughness, stubborn self-reliance and emotional silence have been shaken by a new emphasis on in homecare Essay men's emotions, need for advice, and the problems of masculinity. Although gender categories have not been shattered, these alternative ideas and images have at least created space for a greater diversity of identities.

Modern media has little time or respect for tradition. The whole idea of traditions comes to seem quite strange. Why would we want to do the same as previous generations? What's so great about the theme past? Popular media fosters the in The Juvenile System desire to create new modes of life - within the context of capitalism.

Whether one is happy with capitalism, or seeks its demise, it must surely be considered good if modern media is encouraging the overthrow of traditions which kept people within limiting compartments. The knowing construction of identity. Not only is there more room for a greater variety of identities to emerge; it is also the a seperate theme case that the construction of identity has become a known requirement . Modern Western societies do not leave individuals in any doubt that they need to make choices of identity and lifestyle - even if their preferred options are rather obvious and conventional ones, or are limited due to lack of chrysanthemum financial (or cultural) resources. As the sociologist Ulrich Beck has noted, in late modern societies everyone wants to 'live their own life', but this is, at the same time, 'an experimental life' (2002: 26). Since the theme social world is no longer confident in its traditions, every approach to life, whether seemingly radical or conventional, is somewhat risky and needs to be worked upon shrew - nurtured, considered and peace theme, maintained, or amended. Because 'inherited recipes for in homecare living and role stereotypes fail to function' (ibid), we have to a seperate theme, make our own new patterns of being, and - although this is not one of Beck's emphases - it seems clear that the media plays an important role here. Magazines, bought on in The Justice Essay one level for a quick fix of glossy entertainment, promote self-confidence (even if they partly undermine it, for some readers, at the same time) and provide information about sex, relationships and lifestyles which can be put to a seperate, a variety of uses. Television programmes, pop songs, adverts, movies and the internet all also provide numerous kinds of 'guidance' - not necessarily in the obvious form of advice-giving, but in the myriad suggestions of ways of living which they imply.

We lap up this material because the chrysanthemum meaning death social construction of identity today is the knowing social construction of identity. Your life is your project - there is no escape. The media provides some of the tools which can be used in this work. Like many toolkits, however, it contains some good utensils and some useless ones; some that might give beauty to a seperate peace theme, the project, and some that might spoil it. (People find different uses for different materials, too, so one person's 'bad' tool might be a gift to another.) There are some generational differences which tend to cut across these discussions. Surveys have found that people born in the first half of the Tales From Essay twentieth century are less tolerant of homosexuality, and less sympathetic to unmarried couples living together, than their younger counterparts, for a seperate example (see chapters one and four). Traditional attitudes may be scarce amongst the under-30s, but still thrive in taming of the the hearts of some over-65s. We cannot help but notice, of course, that older people are also unlikely to be consumers of magazines like Cosmopolitan , More or FHM , and are not a key audience for peace today's pop music sensations.

In this book's discussions of popular media which appear to be eroding traditions, I have focused on generally young audiences with the implicit assumption that anti-traditional (or liberal, or post-traditional) attitudes established in the young will be carried into later life. This may not be so, however: maybe conservative attitudes, rather than literally 'dying out' with the older generations, tend to develop throughout the population as we get older. There is meaning evidence that people's attitudes become somewhat less liberal as they get older, but at the same time the peace 'generation gap' in attitudes is closing (Smith, 2000). We can note that those people who were 25 in the 'swinging' times of the late 1960s are now entering their sixties themselves. Nevertheless, as I have argued throughout this book, the mass media has become more liberal, and considerably more challenging to traditional standards, since then, and this has been a reflection of changing attitudes, but also involves the media actively disseminating modern values. It therefore remains to be seen whether the post-traditional young women and bank, men of today will grow up to be the narrow-minded traditionalists of the future.

We have noted that the term 'role models' is a seperate theme bandied about in the public sphere with little regard for what the term might really mean, or how we might expect role models to have an impact on individuals. Nevertheless, in this book I have suggested that by thinking about their own identity, attitudes, behaviour and lifestyle in relation to those of media figures - some of of the shrew whom may be potential 'role models', others just the opposite - individuals make decisions and judgements about a seperate theme their own way of Essay living (and that of a seperate peace theme others). It is for this reason that the 'role model' remains an important concept, although it should not be taken to mean someone that a person wants to copy . Instead, role models serve as navigation points as individuals steer their own personal routes through life. (Their general direction, we should note, however, is more likely to be shaped by parents, friends, teachers, colleagues and other people encountered in standard bank everyday life). Masculinity in crisis? We saw in chapter one that contemporary masculinity is often said to peace, be 'in crisis'; as women become increasingly assertive and successful, apparently triumphing in all roles, men are said to be anxious and confused about what their role is today. In the analysis of men's magazines (chapter eight) we found a lot of Girls in The Justice System signs that the a seperate peace theme magazines were about quality in homecare Essay men finding a place for peace theme themselves in the modern world. These lifestyle publications were perpetually concerned with how to treat women, have a good relationship, and live an enjoyable life. Rather than being a return to essentialism - i.e. the idea of a traditional 'real' man, as biology and quality, destiny 'intended' - I argued that men's magazines have an theme, almost obsessive relationship with the socially constructed nature of Essay manhood. Gaps in a person's attempt to a seperate theme, generate a masculine image are a source of humour in these magazines, because those breaches reveal what we all know - but some choose to quality in homecare Essay, hide - that masculinity is a socially constructed performance anyway.

The continuous flow of a seperate peace theme lifestyle, health, relationship and sex advice, and Juvenile System, the repetitive curiosity about a seperate what the featured females look for in a partner, point to a clear view that the performance of masculinity can and should be practiced and perfected. This may not appear ideal - it sounds as if men's magazines are geared to turning out a stream of death identical men. A Seperate Peace. But the masculinity put forward by the biggest-seller, FHM , we saw to be fundamentally caring, generous and Tales The Mekong Delta, good-humoured, even though the sarcastic humour sometimes threatened to smother this. Individual quirks are tolerated, and in any case we saw from the reader responses that the audience disregards messages that seem inappropriate or irrelevant or offensive. Although the a seperate peace magazines reflected a concern for men to find an value chain, enjoyable approach to modern living, then, there was no sign of a 'crisis' in either the magazines or their readers. Rather than tearing their hair out, everybody seemed to be coping with this 'crisis' perfectly well. The self-help books for men (discussed in peace theme chapter ten) also refuted the idea that changing gender roles had thrown men into standard chartered pk online crisis. The problem for men was not seen as being their new role - or lack of one; instead, men's troubles stemmed from their exaggerated and pointless commitment to men's old role, the traditional role of provider and strong, emotionless rock. Where men had a problem, then, it was not so much because society had changed, but because they as individual men had failed to modernise and keep up. A Seperate Peace Theme. Happily, the books took the view that people can change, and that troubled men would be able to value chain model, create a satisfying and more relaxed life for themselves if they put in a bit of effort.

It's not all a world of transformed masculinities, though. Images of the conventionally rugged, super-independent, extra-strong macho man still circulate in popular culture. And as incitements for peace women to fulfil any role proliferate, conventional masculinity is increasingly exposed as tediously monolithic. In contrast with women's 'you can be anything' ethos, the identities promoted to men are relatively constrained. We noted evidence in chapter one that, whilst young females are taking to the full spectrum of school subjects and jobs, their male counterparts still generally avoid subjects and work that they see as 'female'. These things are continually crumbling, though. It is taming of the shrew worth remembering, as we noted in a seperate chapter four, that even that archetype of masculine strength and independence, James Bond, cannot be too hard and self-reliant in today's Bond movies without being criticised for it by another character. One of the taming kate most obvious developments in recent pop culture has been the emergence of the icons and rhetoric of 'girl power', a phrase slapped into mainstream culture by theme the Spice Girls and subsequently incorporated into quality in homecare Essay the language of government bodies as well as journalists, educationalists, culture critics, and pop fans themselves. A Seperate Peace. Magazines for shrew young women are emphatic in their determination that women must do their own thing, be themselves, and/or be as outrageously sassy and sexy as possible (see chapter nine). Several recent movies have featured self-confident, tough, intelligent female lead characters (chapter four). Female pop stars sing about financial and emotional independence, inner strength, and how they don't need a man; and a seperate, the popular mantra of self-help books is that women can become just as powerful as these icons, if they cultivate their confidence and self-belief, and of relationship Essay, draw up a plan of self-development (chapter ten).

This set of reasonably coherent messages from a range of sources - their clarity only disturbed by the idea that women can be extremely tough and independent whilst also maintaining perfect make-up and wearing impossible shoes - seems to have had some impact on the identities of young women (as the Britney Spears and Destiny's Child fans quoted in chapter ten would attest), as well as being very successful within pop culture as an image/lifestyle idea. Popular feminism, women and men. The discourses of 'girl power' are today's most prominent expressions of peace what Angela McRobbie calls 'popular feminism' - the mainstream interpretation of feminism which is a strong element of modern pop culture even though it might not actually answer to the 'feminist' label. Popular feminism is like a radio-friendly remix of a multi-layered song, with the most exciting bits sampled, and some of the denser stuff left out. As McRobbie notes, McRobbie further argues that 'This dynamic of Girls Justice generational antagonism has been overlooked by professional feminists, particularly those in the academy, with the result that the political effectivity of young women is more or less ignored' (ibid).

There is an interesting parallel here with the a seperate theme scholarship on men and masculinity - the Girls Juvenile texts on masculinity are largely focused on the difficulties of middle-aged or older men who find it hard to shake off traditional masculine archetypes. And perhaps predictably, these studies are apparently written by a seperate middle-aged or older men who also cannot help bringing in the older tropes of masculinity. Meanwhile there is a generation of younger men who have adapted to the modern world (in a range of ways), who have grown up with women as their equals, and who do not feel threatened or emasculated by these social changes. These men and their cultures are largely ignored by the problem-centred discourse of masculinity studies. This is perhaps a relief, though, because they would almost certainly fail to understand the playful, humorous discourse about gender that circulates in men's magazines. (These magazines are not wholly anti-sexist, and there is a legitimate concern that dim readers will take 'joke sexism' literally, of value chain model course, but the more significant observation should perhaps be that sexism has shifted from being the peace expression of a meaningful and serious ideology in former times, to being a resource for The Mekong Essay use in a seperate peace silly jokes today). As we found in chapter eight, the magazines are often centred on helping men to be considerate lovers, useful around the home, healthy, fashionable, and funny - in particular, being able to laugh at themselves. To be obsessed about the bits which superficially look like 'a reinscription of masculinity' is to miss the point. Men's magazines are not perfect vehicles for the transformation of gender roles, by any means, but they play a more important, complex and broadly positive role than most critics suggest. Diversity of sexualities. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered people are still under-represented in chrysanthemum meaning much of the mainstream media, but things are slowly changing. In particular, television is offering prime-time audiences the chance to 'get to know' nice lesbian and gay characters in soap operas, drama series and sit-coms (see chapter four).

Tolerance of sexual diversity is slowly growing in society (chapter one), and by bringing into people's homes images of a seperate sexual identities which they might not be familiar with, the media can play a role in making the population more - or less - comfortable with these ways of living. In chapter seven, we discussed Judith Butler's manifesto for 'gender trouble' - the idea that the existing notions of sex, gender and sexuality should be challenged by in homecare Essay the 'subversive confusion and proliferation' of the categories which we use to understand them. The binary division of 'male' and 'female' identities should be shattered, Butler suggested, and replaced with multiple forms of identity - not a new range of a seperate peace restrictive categories, but an abundance of chartered pk online modes of self-expression. This joyful excess of liberated forms of identity would be a fundamental challenge to the traditional understandings of gender which we largely continue to hold onto today. Butler, as we noted, did not make direct reference to the mass media, but it seems obvious that if there is to be a major proliferation of a seperate images in the public eye, then the media must play a central role. To date, there have only been a relatively small amount of media representations fitting the Butler bill. Some advertising - such as the quality of relationship sexually charged but androgynous imagery promoting the peace theme CK One fragrance 'for a man or a woman' - had reminded viewers of the similarity of of the kate genders, hinting that it wouldn't matter which of the attractive male or female models you chose to a seperate theme, desire. Other ads (such as ones for Impulse deoderant and Kronenbourg lager) playfully teased heterosexual desires only to reveal that the lust object was more interested in their own sex, pointing audiences to value chain, the unpredictability of a seperate peace theme sexualities.

In this book we have discussed further cases of films, TV shows and magazines which have also celebrated non-traditional visions of gender and sexuality. Nevertheless, there remains a great deal of scope for the mass media to be much more challenging in these areas. Media power versus audience power. In chapter two we set out the background debate over whether the mass media has a powerful influence upon of relationship its audience, or if it is the audience of viewing and reading consumers who wield the most power, so we should return to a seperate peace theme, that question here. During the discussions in this book we have found, unsurprisingly, that the power relationship between media and the audience involves 'a bit of in The Juvenile System both', or to be more precise, a lot of both. Peace Theme. The media disseminates a huge number of messages about in The Juvenile Justice System identity and acceptable forms of self-expression, gender, sexuality, and lifestyle. Theme. At the same time, the public have their own even more robust set of chartered diverse feelings on these issues. The media's suggestions may be seductive, but can never simply overpower contrary feelings in the audience. Fiske talked in terms of semiotic 'guerrilla warfare', with the audience metaphorically involved in 'smash and grab' raids on media meanings, but this imagery inaccurately sees change as a fast and noisy process. It seems more appropriate to speak of a slow but engaged dialogue between media and peace theme, media consumers, or a rather plodding war of attrition against the forces of tradition and conservatism: the power of new ideas (which the media conveys) versus the ground-in power of the old ways of taming shrew doing things (which other parts of the media still like to foster).

Neither the a seperate theme media nor the audience are powerful in themselves, but both have powerful arguments. We cannot bring this discussion towards a close without noting the standard inescapable levels of contradiction within popular culture. Although we may occasionally find ourselves saying that 'the mass media suggests' a particular perspective or point of view, the truth is that not only is 'the mass media' wildly diverse, but that even quite specific parts of media culture put out a whole spectrum of messages which cannot be reconciled. It is impossible to say that women's magazines, for example, always carry a particular message, because the enormous range of a seperate theme titles target an equally diverse set of chrysanthemum female audiences. Furthermore, even one magazine will contain an array of peace theme viewpoints.

As we saw in chapter three via the account of one Cosmo editor, magazine staff - like almost all media producers - are far more interested in generating 'surprise' than in maintaining coherence and consistency. Contradictions are an System Essay, inevitable by-product of the drive for multiple points of excitement, so they rarely bother today's media makers, or indeed their audiences. The contradictions are important, however, because the multiple messages contribute to the perception of an open realm of possibilities. In contrast with the past - or the modern popular view of the peace theme past - we no longer get singular, straightforward messages about ideal types of male and female identities (although certain groups of features are clearly promoted as more desirable than others). Instead, popular culture offers a range of stars, icons and characters from whom we can acceptably borrow bits and pieces of their public persona for use in our own. In addition, of course - and Essay, slightly contradictorily - individuals are encouraged to 'be yourself', and to be creative - within limits - about the presentation of self. This opens the possibilities for gender trouble, as discussed above. Today, nothing about identity is clear-cut, and the contradictory messages of popular culture make the 'ideal' model for the self even more indistinct - which is probably a good thing. As we have noted numerous times, things change, and a seperate peace theme, are changing.

Media formats and chartered bank pk online, contents change all the time. Audiences change too, albeit more slowly. Views of gender and sexuality, masculinity and a seperate, femininity, identity and selfhood, are all in slow but steady processes of change and transformation. Value Model. Even our views of change itself, and the possibilities for personal change and 'growth', have altered over the years. Theme. Although we should be careful not to overestimate the extent or speed of transformations in quality of relationship in homecare society and the media, it is worth reasserting the obvious fact that things do change, because some authorities within the disciplines of media studies and gender studies tend to peace theme, act as though things do not really change over periods of ten or twenty years - filling textbooks with mixed-together studies from the 1970s, 1980s and chartered bank, 1990s as if they were providing accounts of fixed phenomena. Peace. These things are not stationary. To discuss gender and media is to aim arguments at moving targets - which, again, is just as well.

In this book I have sought to argue, and Girls in The, demonstrate, that popular media has a significant but not entirely straightforward relationship with people's sense of gender and identity. Media messages are diverse, diffuse and peace, contradictory. Rather than being zapped straight into people's brains, ideas about lifestyle and value chain, identity that appear in the media are resources which individuals use to think through their sense of self and a seperate theme, modes of expression. Value Model. In addition to this conscious (or not particularly conscious) use of media, a wealth of other messages may breeze through the awareness of individuals every day. Furthermore, people are changing, building new identities founded not on the certainties of the past, but organised around the peace theme new order of modern living, where the meanings of taming of the kate gender, sexuality and identity are increasingly open. A Seperate Peace. Different aspects of popular media can aid or disturb these processes of contemporary reorientation. Some critics say that the media should offer traditional role models and chain model, reassuring certainties, but this view is unlikely to survive.

Radical uncertainties and a seperate peace theme, exciting contradictions are what contemporary media, like modern life, is all about.