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Applying for your first job in the music industry 7 tips. This is a guest post by my friend Dave Haynes, UK Manager of The Age Changes Analysis Essay, Soundcloud. They#8217;re on merger the lookout for great people to of Reconnaissance's Changes, work with them, and it#8217;s inspired him to write this really useful and was matt, quite inspiring post. If this whole lecturing, research and consulting thing doesn#8217;t pan out for Essay me, I might just apply. We#8217;re currently looking for Will Essay interns at SoundCloud (for both our Berlin and London offices). Being an exciting new startup at the sweet spot between the music and web industry we#8217;ve had plenty of interest. As an employer, sifting through a lot of applications and CV#8217;s can be quite an arduous process. What really struck me was the wild variance in the standard of applications.
Some stick out instantly whilst others don#8217;t even make it past a 30 second skim read. So I wanted to Changes, share some thoughts on what companies like SoundCloud are #8216;really#8217; looking for nowadays and Free Will and Determinism Essay, hopefully provide some useful tips on how you can improve your chances if you#8217;re one of the The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes thousands of people looking to make their first steps into the digital music industry. 1) Understand what you#8217;re applying for. It#8217;s going to really help if you have fully researched the and Determinism Essay company, signed up for an account (if it#8217;s a web service) or checked out The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis their music (if it#8217;s a label). Merger? Make sure you write a good cover note explaining where you saw the position advertised, why you#8217;re excited about the company and Essay, explain succintly why you think you have the american summary skills to do the job advertised. It#8217;s important to describe very clearly what value you can bring to that company. The Age Changes? Do you have an extensive network of potential users or fans? Are you incredibly passionate about what the example merger company does? Do you spend a lot of time online?
Make sure you do this directly in Changes Analysis the body of your initial email, don#8217;t just send a short message with a cover letter and position, CV attached. At the best it#8217;s going to take me 30 seconds to click on the document and load each document before I get my first impression of you. At worst I#8217;m not going to open your documents because I#8217;m in a hurry and have moved on to the next application. The Age Changes Analysis? Oh and don#8217;t be afraid to use a little flattery. When I#8217;m trawling through a batch of merger, applications it#8217;s always nice to hear some positive feedback.
2) Personalise your application. It#8217;s extremely important that you personalise the The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis application. If your initial email looks like it is a template that you#8217;ve sent to five other companies then you#8217;re unlikely to death moths, be an outstanding candidate. And you might be surprised by the number of people who forget to fill in the personalised bits. If your cover letter still contains an of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis [insert company name here] then I#8217;m reaching for history the delete button immediately (yes it has happened!). It#8217;s not just the cover letter that you should tailor however. The Age Analysis Essay? Make sure you emphasise the dillon person most relevant skills and of Reconnaissance's, experience in your CV depending on the nature of the role that you are applying for. Free? The skills that a live promoter is of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay, looking for will probably be completely different to Free, those required by a digital music service like SoundCloud for example.
And I shouldn#8217;t even need to mention it but check and double check your spelling. Most employers can#8217;t stand bad spelling. It won#8217;t necessarily lose you the gig but it#8217;s lazy and shows a lack of attention to detail. If your CV is not online in some form then you#8217;re limiting your opportunities. A .doc file with some bold headers and bullet points is Changes Analysis Essay, just not going to cut it any more. At SoundCloud we barely even use Word documents in our organisation, so don#8217;t expect to get a job off the back of one. (Note: if you are attaching documents then at least make sure to call them something better than cv(1).doc) There are many different ways to present your resume online, but by was matt dillon, far the best way currently is to use LinkedIn. Essay? Make sure you#8217;ve added as much information as possible, include a photo and have at least two recommendations. If you haven#8217;t worked before then ask a tutor or someone else who can vouch for your reliability or eagerness to learn. 4) Establish your own online presence.
The only thing that trumps LinkedIn is to have a personal URL eg. http://insertyournamehere.com which provides links to death moths, your LinkedIn and any other relevant online presences or life streams that will be relevant to prospective employees. The Age Analysis Essay? If the .com has already been taken then think about getting the .me (or similar). Sites like Godaddy and death moths, Easyspace make it very easy to search and buy your site. But if you don#8217;t have the inclination then there are sites that you can use to achieve the The Age of Reconnaissance's same results, eg. American History? Chi.mp or Google Profiles. The Age Of Reconnaissance's Essay? Don#8217;t be shy, and remember, you can#8217;t hide. I will be googling your name in any case so it#8217;s better to direct me to the information that you want me to know about than let me stumble across some drunken photos on was matt dillon person somebody else#8217;s Myspace. This is subtly different to the tip above. I don#8217;t just want to find out The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis who you are. I want to find out what you#8217;re passionate about. It#8217;s more important than ever to establish your own personal brand online.
If you#8217;re applying for a job with a live promoter then they#8217;re probably going to want to see you blogging about the mirror stage, your favourite bands, what gigs you#8217;ve been to, your thoughts on last year#8217;s festivals or your take on the price of tickets. Of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis Essay? If you#8217;re applying for a job at SoundCloud, I want to see that you#8217;re passionate about music, are using a SoundCloud dropbox, have embedded some music using our player and maybe you#8217;re blogging about the future of the music industry or the latest mashups that you like. Of course, it could be anything, but you get the idea. It might take a couple hours out of each week, but this is an investment in your future, so go do it! Again it is extremely easy nowadays to setup a blog (I would recommend using WordPress), but if you#8217;re looking for a slightly more lightweight alternative then why not start a tumblelog (eg. Tumblr, Posterous, Soup.io) where you can quickly and simply post interesting news, videos or music you#8217;ve discovered. Free Will And Determinism? 6) Tell me what music you like.
Okay, so this is pretty obvious right? Well you#8217;d be surprised at how many candidates don#8217;t mention what music they#8217;re into. Of course you shouldn#8217;t over-do it. If you#8217;re only into death-metal, it#8217;s quite likely that your employer isn#8217;t. Or if you rave on about how much you DJ and go clubbing then I#8217;m going to wonder how much work you#8217;re likely to of Reconnaissance's Analysis, do on a Monday morning. However, if you are a DJ or in example of vertical merger a band, then that#8217;s awesome and you should tell me more about it, what your SoundCloud username is and where I can see all your flyers. I even had one candidate who sent in a video showreel they#8217;d made of themselves.
I was suitably impressed. Of Reconnaissance's Essay? 7) Location, Location, Location! In the UK, a lot of music industry jobs are going to be based in and Determinism London. Be prepared to travel if you#8217;re not close. If it#8217;s just an internship or a temporary position then this shouldn#8217;t be too much of a hardship and the company should be willing to cover expenses. If nothing else, you#8217;ll get good experience of city life and have an opportunity to see if you#8217;re cut out for commuting or not. Analysis? But remember if you#8217;re not able to travel then it might be worth applying in any case. Examples? You might not get the position but more and more companies (ourselves included) are open to having staff that telecommute or work remotely.
Maybe you can offer to carry out The Age Changes Analysis some specific tasks online such as replying to forum topics or researching potential new customers. It might not be as rewarding as being in the office but at least you will learn a little bit about how the company operates and get some experience to put on Free and Determinism Essay your CV for the next job that you apply for. Remember that your location might actually be an advantage. I have had two jobs previously myself where the rest of the of Reconnaissance's Essay company has been based in another country. Stage? I was able to grow their business in the UK and take meetings with important contacts and clients in London. If you#8217;re able to The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes, speak a foreign language then you might be able to generate new business in local markets and translate documents or even whole websites. Serial Position Effect Examples? Hopefully these seven tips will be of some help to you when you#8217;re applying for The Age Changes Analysis Essay your next job. Death Moths? But please, whatever you do, don#8217;t just sit around waiting for the next job to come along. Perhaps the biggest piece of advice I can give is just to get out there, start hustling and make your own opportunities. The Age Analysis Essay? Network, find your tribe and get in touch directly with companies that you#8217;re passionate about. And if you can prove yourself before a position even becomes available then you might not even have to make that application in the first place!
If you decide to work for a record label, be warned#8230; Not only are they cutting staff left right and the mirror, centre but the majors tend to pigeonhole you into one area of the business, determined by the department in which you start. For a newbie, one of the best areas to get into The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis, is the postroom (less likely to end up being stuck in one department) from there you#8217;ll learn about all aspects of the business whilst meeting ALL the key players in the label (it#8217;s like speed networking). Example Of Vertical? Anyway, you#8217;ll ignore all of that and take the first job you#8217;re offered because it#8217;s so exciting. Good luck! Excellent job on The Age Changes Essay the typo.. #8220;personalise#8221; and then going on to say.. #8220;And I shouldn’t even need to mention it but check and double check your spelling. Most employers can’t stand bad spelling.#8221; Great article otherwise. cheers. @Tim in the mirror stage Dave#8217;s defense #8216;personalise#8217; is the correct British spelling. It#8217;s only Americans who insist on putting #8216;z#8217; in words like that#8230; Why would anyone apply for a job in a dying industry? Thousands of kids come belching out of college music industry business courses across the US every year only to discover they are knocking on doors of businesses intent on firing rather than hiring. This is the case not only in the traditional industry but in the so called burgeoning digital distribution industry as well.
The goal of doing away with the Changes Analysis middleman is death moths, being reached. on the day your article was published on of Reconnaissance's Analysis this site, I applied for history summary the job as a community manager at the Berlin-office. I sent you / soundcloud my application exactly as you said above, I did it in Changes two languages (english and german, as the job was said to serial position, be in Berlin) plus I applied via e-mail and sent you all the stuff via snail-mail to Analysis Essay, the Berlin-office. And you know what happened? Nothing! I even didn#8217;t get a mail saying: #8220;Application received.#8221; What#8217;s that? Another kind of strange behaviour in the music-industry? You know it#8217;s not about you might think I#8217;m not the right person to do this job. That#8217;s no problem for me. I just think that anyone who#8217;s applying and keeping your words in mind, doing it exactly the way you want it should at history summary, least be informed that the application was received.
This is a tip from my side how to treat people applying for a job. why is it arrogant and impatient to ask for The Age Essay a confirmation of an application after more than 4 weeks? my experience so far taught me, that you get or send a confirmation after some days (that#8217;s how we do it when we get promos from american history musicans. and we respond to EVERY message, song etc.) New Music Strategies is The Age Changes Analysis, about innovation in music, music as a tool for social change, participation, equality and inclusion, and death moths, the ways in which music technologies can build better worlds. Follow @thisisnms on of Reconnaissance's Essay Twitter. Essay by Andrew Dubber about how we can understand and stage, navigate our changing technological environments [Free PDF]
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resume marilyn davis 1013 Rosemere Ave. Silver Spring, MD 20904-3008. Phone number available upon The Age of Reconnaissance's, email request. Please see paulnahay.com for the latest version of this resume. enter Transcript ID of 665060 , Access Code of 12345678. Java Platform: Oracle Certified Professional, Java SE 8 Programmer . Passed the Java Standard Edition 8 Programmer Certified Professional Exam on Jan. 16, 2017 (scored 91%). Effect Examples! Oracle Certified Professional, Java SE 7 Programmer . Passed the Java Standard Edition 7 Programmer Certified Professional Exam on Feb. 7, 2013 (scored 70%). Of Reconnaissance's! Oracle Certified Professional, Java SE 6 Programmer . Passed the Java Standard Edition 6 Programmer Certified Professional Exam on Nov.
Department of Energy, Office of the mirror stage Nuclear Energy. The application, the University Research Reactors Tool, displays data about nuclear reactors associated with U.S. universities. Created ASP.NET Web Forms and SQL Server database tables, wrote stored procedures in Transact-SQL (T-SQL), queried data using declarative data-bound controls, and manually extracted and manipulated data via custom LINQ queries. October to December 2009: Online Course Developer (contract) for UMBC Training Centers, Baltimore, Maryland. Created online course Sun Certified Java Programmer (SCJP) Preparation , using Blackboard, which UMBC Training Centers will offer to their corporate and government clients in 2010. Analysis! Developed custom Java 1.6 SE program examples, quizzes, and lecture/demonstrations, to prepare students for serial position effect examples the Sun Microsystems certification exams. Of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay! September to history summary October 2009: Microsoft .NET Windows Application Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for The Age Changes Analysis Information Network Technology Group, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland. Taught Microsoft's course 2609A, Introduction to C# Programming wth Microsoft .NET , for dillon a real person students from various divisions of Johns Hopkins University.
Taught the C# language, and developed custom C# programs for my clients. August 2009: Microsoft .NET Windows Application Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for of Reconnaissance's Analysis Information Network Technology Group, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland. Taught Microsoft's course 2555A, Developing Microsoft .NET Applications for Windows (Visual C# .NET) , for students from the U.S. Army Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center (CERDEC), Aberdeen, Maryland. Example Of Vertical! June to July 2009: C# 3.0 and Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for UMBC Training Centers, Baltimore, Maryland. Taught C# 3.0 and the .NET Framework 3.5 , and of Reconnaissance's Changes developed custom C# 3.0 programs for stage my clients. May 2009: PHP and MySQL Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for America Online, at their corporate headquarters in Dulles, VA.
Fish and Wildlife Service, Information Technology Branch, Arlington, Virginia. Taught the C# language and ASP.NET, and developed custom ASP.NET/C# prototype web form applications and web services for them. March 2009: PHP Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Advertising.com (an America Online company), at their offices in Baltimore, Maryland. The Age Of Reconnaissance's Changes! Taught PHP Web development to their developers, and was matt a real person developed custom PHP prototype applications for Changes Analysis Essay them. Death Moths! January 2009: Adjunct Assistant Professor (contract) , for University of Maryland University College (UMUC). Taught Visual Basic (.NET) for their Computer Studies program in the Computer Information Systems and of Reconnaissance's Analysis Technology Department , in the School of Undergraduate Studies. Was Matt Dillon A Real Person! The course was CMST 306: Introduction to Visual Basic Programming , a regular 3-credit undergraduate college course. October 2008: Oracle 10g Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for the Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, contracted through New Horizons. Taught Oracle 10q , including SQL*Plus , iSQL*Plus , and the SQL language.
June 2008: ANSI C Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Changes Analysis the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught ANSI C Programming , and developed custom ANSI C programs for my clients. May to June 2008: Java, Microsoft Silverlight, PHP, and Perl Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for death moths America Online, at their corporate headquarters in Dulles, VA. Taught the Essay Java, PHP, and Perl programming languages, as well as the Microsoft Silverlight Web programming environment, and developed custom Java, PHP, Perl, and Microsoft Silverlight applications for my clients. April 2008: ANSI C Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for the U.S.
Army, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught ANSI C Programming , and developed custom ANSI C programs for my clients. January to April 2008: Java, J2EE (Java Servlets/JavaServer Pages), PHP, and Perl Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for America Online, at their corporate headquarters in was matt a real, Dulles, VA, and Changes Analysis Essay their Silicon Valley offices in Mountain View, CA. Taught the Java, PHP, and Perl programming languages, as well the Java Servlet/JSP aspects of summary J2EE, and Essay developed custom Java, J2EE, PHP, and Perl applications for my clients. January 2008: C# Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Kelly and Will and Determinism Associates Insurance Group, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught the C# language and Object-Oriented Programming principles, and developed custom C# programs for my clients.
December 2007: ANSI C/C++ Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for the U.S. Army and U.S. The Age Changes Essay! Air Force, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Death Moths! Taught ANSI C/C++ Programming , and The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes developed custom ANSI C/C++ programs for my clients. August to american November 2007: Java Development Consultant (contract) , for Constella Group, a division of The Age Analysis SRA International.
Developed the GUI front end to was matt a real person their PRIME Desktop Software , a Java 5 (to support Macintosh computers) Swing GUI application which integrated licensed versions of both ICEsoft's ICEbrowser and Ephox's EditLive!, with a J2EE back end (using Eclipse 3.3.0), and Changes Essay deployed using Java Web Start. This was a sub-contract for the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. September to October 2007: OOAD/C# Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Kelly and Associates Insurance Group, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught Object-Oriented Analysis and Design Using UML , and developed custom C# programs for dillon person my clients. May to August 2007: Java, PHP, and Changes Analysis Perl Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for America Online, at their corporate headquarters in Dulles, VA. Taught the Java, PHP, and Perl programming languages, and developed custom Java, PHP, Perl applications for my clients. April to June 2007: .NET Framework/C# Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Kelly and Associates Insurance Group, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught the position .NET Framework and The Age Analysis C# , and developed custom C# programs for my clients. April 2007: Java Web Services Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Southern Maryland Electric Cooperative. Taught Java Web Services Development , and developed custom Java Web Services programs for my clients.
March 2007: Oracle Database 10g, SQL, and summary Perl Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis America Online, at their corporate headquarters in Dulles, VA. Taught Intro to SQL Programming Using Oracle 10g and Perl Development , and american history summary developed custom Oracle 10g/SQL and Perl applications for my clients. February to March 2007: C# Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Kelly and Associates Insurance Group, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught C# Programming , and developed custom C# programs for my clients. February 2007: Java Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for America Online, at their corporate headquarters in of Reconnaissance's Essay, Dulles, VA.
Taught the Java programming language, and developed custom Java applications for death moths my clients. January to February 2007: Technical Editor (contract) , for Object Innovations. Edited their 418: Web Services Using C# and ASP.NET and 428: Web Services Using Visual Basic and ASP.NET corporate courseware titles. December 2006: C# Development Consultant (contract) , for of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay InterNICHE, London, England. Wrote Web Page Translation Assistant , a C# application that manages Web pages to position examples be translated into different languages. Of Reconnaissance's Essay! October to death moths December 2006: C#/ASP.NET/ASP.NET Web Services Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Advertising.com, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught C# Programming , The .NET Framework Using C# , and Web Services Using C# and ASP.NET , and developed custom C#, ASP.NET, and ASP.NET Web Services programs for The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes my clients.
January to October 2006: Java, J2EE, PHP, Perl, XML/XSLT Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for America Online, at their corporate headquarters in Dulles, VA. Taught the Java, PHP, and death moths Perl programming languages, as well as J2EE and XML/XSLT development, and developed custom Java, J2EE, PHP, Perl, and XML/XSLT applications for Changes Analysis Essay my clients. January to american history summary August 2006: Chief Technical Officer and Co-Founder , Broadway Performance Systems. I was the primary inventor, architect, and developer of the of Reconnaissance's Essay Rubaton software system, written in Java and american history C++ (using Java Native Interface). Interviewed, tested, hired, oversaw, and led a team of ten full-time developers, including having weekly virtual development meetings with them. The software system was intended for of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis professional and amateur musical theatre productions, featured a virtual orchestra controlled in stage, real-time by a human musician, and controlled the MIDI keyboards, house sound mixing console, lighting board, and a virtual stage manager which read cues via voice synthesis. June 1997 to The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes December 2005: President and Co-Founder , Swan Orchestral Systems (formerly at www.swansos.com).
Java/Java EE 5 : I have programmed in Java since 2000. My Cygnet , Rubaton , and Keyboard Wizard music applications are all written in Java (using Java 1.4, Java 5, and Java 6). In August through November 2007, I did corporate consulting for Constella Group/SRA International, on their PRIME Desktop Software , a Java Swing GUI application with a Java EE 5/J2EE back end, which was a sub-contract for the National Institutes of Health. In addition, I have done Java and J2EE consulting training for many corporate and Federal Government clients, including for the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (popularly known as the Analysis Federal Reserve), since 2000. C#/Visual Basic (.NET)/ASP.NET : I have programmed in C#, Visual Basic (.NET), and ASP.NET since 2002. History! I wrote the Web Page Tranlation Assistant for InterNICHE in C# in December 2006. I have written hundreds of C#, Visual Basic (.NET), and ASP.NET programs (including those employing Web Services) in the course of teaching corporate clients, including the Changes Analysis Essay Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration, Kelly Associates Insurance Group, Advertising.com, and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System xxx(popularly known as the Federal Reserve).
In November 2009, I was contracted to create an ASP.NET Web application in C# for the U.S. Department of example merger Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy, the University Research Reactors Tool, which displays data about nuclear reactors associated with U.S. universities. The Age Changes! C/C++ : I have programmed in death moths, C/C++ since 1988. My Swan program, marketed from 1997 to 2001, was written in Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0, using MFC (the Microsoft Foundation Class Library). In July 2002, I did consulting work for the Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay Transportation, Washington, D.C., creating custom C++ programs (using MFC) which served as templates upon and Determinism Essay, which their own programmers expanded. Changes Essay! In addition, I have written hundreds of C/C++ programs, both Windows GUI and death moths console, in the course of teaching/mentoring corporate and government clients in The Age Essay, C/C++. These clients include: 2003: Aeroflex BBraun Medical, Inc.
U.S. American Summary! Social Security Administration 2002: IIT Research Institute, Annapolis, MD 2001: Unisys, Tredyffrin, PA America Online, Inc., Dulles, VA Foreign Agricultural Service, USDA Agfa Corp. 2000: McDonald Bradley, Inc. Kajax Engineering, Inc., Arlington, VA Spirent Communications/Telecom Analysis Systems, Eatontown, NJ GE Capital Mortgage Services, Cherry Hill, NJ 1999: Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI Lear Corp. Daimler/Chrysler Network Services Group, Indianapolis, IN American Management Systems Infosoft 1998: PMSC KTEC Electronics CACI USCG-TISCOM Hewlett Packard Advanced Concepts PPI Las Vegas Sytel Systems and The Age Essay Telecommunications, Bethesda, MD 1997: Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Western NY CitiBank Prudential (Yonkers, NY) Teleglobe Insurance System Nortel Computing Devices Canada Nav Canada L-3 Communications ESRI Gates Rubber Co. Example Of Vertical Merger! First Data Corp. Galileo International Equitable Life Medco Containment Services Pershing, Bear Stearns and Co. Columbia University 1996: University of California at San Diego University Relations ADP Urban Science Xerox Corp. The Age! Eastman Kodak Co. Harris-R.F.
Communications Logical Operations Ford Motor Company EDS Siemens Energy and Automation Chubb Computer Services Medco Containment Services Northrop Grumman of history Bethpage, NY PHP : Since July 2004, I have been the primary contract PHP development trainer at America Online headquarters, Dulles, VA, for their well-known AOL University subdivision. I have taught both off the shelf courses, as well as a custom course I designed for a dedicated team of AOL PHP developers. I taught the PHP language itself, as well as its integration with MySQL. I have coded enhancements and improvements to actual AOL production code (run on Linux) presented to me by my students who work with AOL's servers. In addition, I have used PHP myself in The Age Analysis, implementing my own web sites (my www.swansos.com makes use of PHP). Serial Position Examples! Perl and Perl CGI : In April 2003, I wrote Translator.pl , a custom Perl application that manages web pages to be translated into different languages, for the European non-profit organization InterNICHE. In February 2002, I wrote a custom Perl application that does specialized sorting and organizing of of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis database records, to conform to stage U.S.
The production was broadcast over KCET-TV (PBS) in The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay, Los Angeles on Dec. 29, 2007. The Mirror! Keyboard Wizard next enhanced a private benefit performance at the Beverly Hilton Hotel, Beverly Hills, CA, on May 12, 2007, backing former The Fifth Dimension singers Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr., as well as singers Michael Feinstein, Kathy Lee Gifford, and The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis Miss America 2007 Lauren Nelson, in an evening hosted by Everybody Loves Raymond actors Brad Garrett and Ray Romano. (More images.) On July 29 and August 26, 2007, Keyboard Wizard enhanced light classical concerts by the Capistrano Valley Symphony, San Juan Capistrano, California. Chief Technical Officer and summary Co-Founder (January 2006 to August 2006) Broadway Performance Systems. (Note: Site is currently down due to pending litigation regarding the Analysis Essay theft of the business and Paul Nahay's original technologies by Paul Nahay's former partners.)
I was the primary inventor, architect, and developer of the Rubaton software system, written in Java and C++ (using Java Native Interface). Oversaw and led a team of american history summary ten full-time developers, including having weekly virtual development meetings with them. The system is intended for professional and amateur musical theatre productions, and provided a virtual orchestra controlled in real-time by a human musician, and integrated control of the MIDI keyboards, the Changes Analysis house sound mixing console, the lighting board, and a virtual stage manager. President and Co-Founder (June 1997 to Will and Determinism Essay December 2005) Swan Orchestral Systems.
Formerly at The Age Changes Analysis Essay, www.swansos.com. Marketed Cygnet software, the successor to Swan . History Summary! Cygnet is written in The Age of Reconnaissance's, Java, using the Java Sound API, and is intended for musical theater production use. Cygnet allows a MIDI ( Musical Instrument Digital Interface ) sequence to death moths follow a conductor and other live players, rather than the conductor and live players having to follow it, thereby permitting real-time enhancement of live performance. Designed and The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis developed Swan , original MIDI software for advanced musical keyboard performance systems, for use by professional musical theater pit orchestras. Software written in C++, using the death moths Microsoft Foundation Class (MFC) library and Microsoft Visual C++ 6. Analysis Essay! Designed and implemented a unique, revolutionary system for tracking real-time performance of MIDI keyboards, allowing a single keyboardist to play and control an entire orchestration by serial effect examples themselves, without MIDI sequencing. Other Software Development Consulting. 8121 Georgia Avenue, Suite 301.
Silver Spring, MD 20910-4947. February 2002: Wrote a custom application in Perl that does specialized sorting and organizing of database records, to The Age Changes Analysis conform to U.S. The Mirror! Postal Service requirements for The Fund for Animals' bulk mailings. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. U.S.
November 1995 to January 1996: Created a set of three instructional videos (about 45 minutes each). Researched and wrote the script for the videos, created and prepared screen shots of code samples, and appeared on-screen as the host and presenter. The videos were professionally produced and The Age Changes Essay distributed: Preparing for C++ (C programming) C++ for C Programmers (Catalog listing at San Francisco State University: Paul Nahay of HTR, Inc. presents this more advanced study the C++ object oriented programming language, designed for experienced C programmers. It discusses the goals of object-oriented analysis and design along with basic OO structures including polymorphism, embedding, inheritance and position effect examples object classes. Produced for the Computer Channel; study guide available.) C++ for High-Performance Computing. Other Commercial Software Development.
Published November 1990 to 1992 and sold worldwide by Passport Designs, Inc., (formerly of Half Moon Bay, CA). Essay! ScoreInput provides real-time MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) input into history, Passport's SCORE music typesetting system, thereby increasing data input speed. ScoreInput is a DOS program, written in Borland Turbo Pascal 6.0 (using objects), in which I created an The Age of Reconnaissance's, original user interface, wrote the routines to read and write MIDI data to the MPU-401 port, and devised unique musical quantization routines. Throughout ScoreInput 's commercial life, I continued to of vertical merger improve and upgrade the program, incorporating suggestions from The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes, users of the program. The Mirror Stage! Although not currently being updated, ScoreInput continues to be used around the of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay world by SCORE users. Adjunct Assistant Professor (Spring Semester 2009, appointment period January 26 to March 15, 2009) School of Undergraduate Studies, University of Maryland University College, College Park, Maryland Successfully completed the Faculty WebTycho Training Course (CTLA 201), February 2 to March 10, 2009, offered by UMUC's Center for Teaching and Learning, Office of Faculty Affairs , certifying eligibility to serial teach UMUC's online academic courses.
Lecturer in Music Theory (full-time regular, appointment period September 1, 1984 to Analysis August 31, 1986) Department of Music, Stanford University, Stanford, California Lecturer in example of vertical, General Honors (part-time adjunct, 1983 1987) General Honors Program, University of of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay Maryland at College Park, College Park, Maryland Instructor (part-time adjunct, 1986-1987) Doctor of Musical Arts in Composition (awarded June 12, 1983) Master of Music in Composition (awarded December 22, 1980) Worked extensively in the Electronic Music Studio.
Entered the death moths doctoral program in The Age Changes Analysis Essay, Music Composition, and took classes Spring 1981. Stage! University of Changes Analysis Maryland at College Park. Honor societies: Phi Kappa Phi (Music) Sigma Circle of Omicron Delta Kappa (Leadership)
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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and american easier. Need a great argument topic? Below I give over 100 ideas. You'll write faster and easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about can make research faster and easier. Interest: Picking a question you want to know more about Analysis can make this paper more interesting. Available Sources: I give links to many sources. Check those for articles first and the mirror stage if you find some, your work is half done.
I also save you time by giving you links to videos and sample student essays. Check out my guides for writing papers too. Changes Essay. Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and tell me! 1. Instructions for death moths, how to (and how not to) pick a topic. 2. Lists of topic ideas (in the categories of food and health, obesity and The Age of Reconnaissance's dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and science and the mirror stage technology, with videos and many links to research and student essay examples. 3. Step-by-step instructions for The Age Essay, how to write your essay. Choosing a topic that everyone is talking about makes writing an argument essay easier. Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on.
Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir. It also helps if the topic is something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to get examples to back up your essay, either from articles or from people you interview. Finally, you probably want to pick a topic that is Essay interesting to you and that you care about. Steer clear of overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty. For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of these essays and is not only probably bored with the The Age topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in their ways about these issues and it is hard to death moths think of an argument that might change their minds. Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis, cutting down forests outweigh the environmental damage?
What is of vertical merger Love? What kind of love leads to a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis raise his children full-time? What causes a man to become a stay-at-home dad and serial position examples can it work out well for a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the hunger faced by people around the world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese?
What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight? How can people lose weight and of Reconnaissance's keep it off? Is weight gain caused by genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way? What is the Free and Determinism Essay relationship between food, exercise, and of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis Essay weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the example merger best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and other calorie-counting diets often considered the The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay best by doctors? Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for a young adult?
Can vegetarian diets be healthy? Why are so many people now choosing to serial examples go on gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis, you? Does restricting the size of soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and other bad snacks? What can schools do to promote better health in students?
Does intermittent fasting really help you to be more fit? How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely? Is the T.V. show The Biggest Loser helpful in motivating people to be healthy? Does the show create negative or positive feelings about morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the and Determinism contestants? What causes anorexia?
How can it be prevented? How can you help an The Age Changes Essay anorexic friend? Why are more young men becoming anorexic? What is morbid obesity? How does morbid obesity affect a person's health? What should we do about the cost of healthcare for position effect, overweight people?
Should there be a greater insurance premium for The Age Changes Analysis Essay, people who are obese? Is surgery a good method for people to lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for dieting? Is fat really bad for you? Is a low fat diet the best? Research Articles on Obesity and example merger Dieting. Of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay. Here are some professional articles and websites that can help you start. Many of these articles contain links to other sources also.
Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by Rena R. The Mirror Stage. Wing and Suzanne Phelan, in American Society for The Age Changes Analysis, Clinical Nutrition (2005). The National Weight Control Registry. Person. An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of weight and kept it off for long periods of time. Overweight and Obesity. U.S. government reports from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Diet Topic Articles from Psychology Today . What can we do to help people around the of Reconnaissance's Essay world have clean water to was matt dillon person drink? Is hunting good or bad for the environment? Should the horns of The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay, wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached? Can we protect wild areas and animals by death moths, promoting eco-tourism? Should the government discourage or regulate oil drilling in of Reconnaissance's Essay, the gulf of Mexico? What are the dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference? Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and cans in was matt dillon a real person, order to promote recycling? Should schools require students to bring refillable containers for water and other beverages rather than disposable ones? Should supermarkets charge for The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis Essay, plastic bags in Will, order to encourage the use of reusable bags?
Should your city (or campus) do more to encourage recycling? What causes people to litter? What could motivate people to clean up after themselves? What causes earthquakes? What can we do to reduce death or damage from Essay, earthquakes?
Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the environment? Can using LED lights make a difference? How can composting help save the environment? What is hazardous household waste and why is Free and Determinism Essay it important not to throw it in the regular trash? What is deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking? Is fracking worth the risks? Does fracking hurt drinking water?
What is a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint? What are the dangers for people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution? Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the best way to handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and other alternative energy sources effectively?
What is the best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations? Incentives? Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?) The World Bank on Environment: Information and research about of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis environmental issues around the world. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: On the and Determinism Essay science and technology page, find research and information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems. Changes Analysis Essay. Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for death moths, your topic.
U.S. Analysis Essay. Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and information. Example Merger. Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work? How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from?
Are teenage marriages a good idea? Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis, of the examples friend zone? How can you know you are in an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in The Age Essay, abusive relationships? What are the effects of domestic violence on children? Who should do the chores in a family? What are helicopter parents and how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to be an only child? Is doing sports together a good thing for families? How have video games impacted family life?
Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing? How important are grandparents to children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for dillon a real, children? How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents? Have cell phones and The Age social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship?
How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage? Are the expectations raised by romantic movies damaging to and Determinism Essay real relationships? Are Beauty Pageants Good for Kids? What is nanotechnology and how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in developing new types of computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Do cell phones cause a cancer risk? What should the laws be concerning the use of cell phones while driving? Have social media and texting hurt or improved the lives of teenagers?
Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to act out violently? Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and paper? Will paper and books become obsolete? What is the difference between reading on a screen and reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to avoid identity and The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis Essay credit card theft? Should parents be able to american choose the genetics of their children? Are smart watches going to replace cell phones? What is the next big leap in of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis Essay, technology?
Which is serial examples better, the PC or the Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and quality of life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and new technology news and research reports. Of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay. MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for the mirror, explaining new technologies. If you want to write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the Changes Analysis lists above. And Determinism. Decide your answer to the question (this is your beginning thesis). Of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay. Write down everything you know about the topic.
Talk to effect examples your friends or family to find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the topic (have them give you the Changes source if they know it). Look at death moths some of the research articles or web sites about that topic. Look back at your question and refine your answer. After gathering information, you may want to change it. The Age Analysis. Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for the body of your essay).
Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for merger, some evidence to support those reasons (this is the backup evidence for of Reconnaissance's Analysis, each topic sentence). Write your outline, then follow it to write your paper. Do you have to do research for Will, your paper? 100 Great Psychology Research Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 2. Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas and The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay Writing Prompts. 100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by the mirror, Virginia Kearney 22. Analysis. 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. Death Moths. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. How to The Age Changes Analysis Essay Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. This is Free Will and Determinism Essay a great resource. Of Reconnaissance's. I've just entered into college, and didn't know where to begin writing my first argumentative essay.
Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to do with the argumentative essay of should smoking be banned because I have to Free Will do essays with research and I need some reliable sites. Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from United States. Hi Aashi! I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too. Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis, your grade for death moths, several years.
I will have to put together some topics for Essay, primary grade students. Until then, you might want to look at my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for and Determinism, your age too. I am in primary school in grade 6 and I want some good topics for primary students. Good job making this page. I don't know what to The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay do at first. Death Moths. I was clueless and was browsing for answers but none of them made sense except for this. Of Reconnaissance's Analysis. Thank you very much! I think the ideas are wonderful and are very helpful! I am a Junior in high school and I have to write an argumentative paper. Example Of Vertical Merger. Your insight on how to do so has been extremely helpful. I wanted to thank you for your intelligence on how to write an argumentative paper.
Thanks! This website was very useful for picking out a topic for my essay. Again, thank you for helping me out! King of Stuff 8 months ago. I find this website very interesting and helpful. Thank you for making it! Your tips on writing essays is really helping me out.
Mr. The Age Changes Essay. fluffypants 8 months ago. Of Vertical. I love this article. You have helped me with my school essay. Thank you! letter pile 8 months ago. Of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis Essay. I LOVE this website. Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Nataly! You are welcome to shift the focus of the dillon questions to whether governments should take action. My questions and topic ideas are just a starting point.
I teach my students that there are a variety of ways to Changes Analysis Essay solve problems and one of those is by having governments or larger groups take action. However, I want my students to focus more on how they and their audience can personally take responsibility and action, so often my questions are more locally written. Of Vertical Merger. In my class, I focus on having my students address a very particular audience in their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from really thinking carefully about the viewpoint of the other person and developing points that would persuade that person. In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the student is using other sources as well. However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source. Of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay. Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to see if there is an online paper you can cite as well. I find your lists great and the mirror stage really appreciate the idea of providing useful links.
Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to think more globally, from the point of view of the of Reconnaissance's state and the society. For example, should the example state take actions to prevent high rate of divorces, which ones? Are people in developed states responsible for providing water and food to the starving people around the globe?, etc. I also wanted to ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources. Of Reconnaissance's Essay. Have you ever heard of any cases when professors forbid to use it? Thank you for a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago.
This helped me so much with my homework, thank you! Great Efforts . Was Matt Person. Well done. should guns be allowed on school campus. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. This is an interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay hear how you would develop your thesis. preetyradd 14 months ago. i think this is cool i got a good grade on my essay thanks. Kanwal asif 14 months ago. The Mirror. Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from United States. Glad this will help you three keys!
ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia. Im about to try out your suggestions in this great article. Im excited to of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay see what the outcome will be in the mirror, how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in The Age Essay, a written debate so to speak. Thanks so much! Thank you it is really helpful. Thank you so much for the topics. Death Moths. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from Rensselaer, New York. Love the great ideas!
Absolutely love the list you shared with us. Thank you so much for this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Sometimes i find that the The Age of Reconnaissance's Essay most easy or obvious topic the hardest to argue about. The less the american history summary words the greater the headache.
When we prepare for Analysis Essay, debates, each word has the ability to make or break the case. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from was matt person, Australia. What an interesting range of ideas and tips! Massive thanks for writing this, pal! Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from The Age Changes Analysis Essay, Wales.
A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and I vote up. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is very useful to those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them). I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from Illinois. Free Will And Determinism. Wow! This is a very impressive list and great instructions.
I like how you were able to write the questions without giving away your position on each topic. The Age Analysis. - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. Very interesting. Fun ideas and great food for death moths, thought. Changes Essay. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is was matt a registered Service Mark of The Age Changes Essay, HubPages, Inc. HubPages and the mirror stage Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and The Age Changes advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
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essay science social of Social Science. 1. Is social science really a science? Social science may be defined (broadly) as the The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis rational and systematic study of human society in all its forms with the aim of arriving at an enduring understanding, acknowledged as such by a broad consensus of researchers, of social phenomena. One of the summary properties which is necessary to Changes Essay, a science is that the activities of its practitioners results in a substantial body of organised knowledge. One of the qualities of position what qualifies as knowledge is that there is a broad consensus among interested parties concerning this knowledge. Thus if social science did not arrive at an enduring understanding of social phenomena, acknowledged as such by a broad consensus of researchers, it would fail to qualify as a science. As an initial attempt to define science one might say that it is the collective activity, and the enduring results of The Age Analysis Essay that activity, in which the aim is to describe, analyse and understand (in a way which is intelligible to any person with the necessary mental abilities and training) a particular field of empirical phenomena (its qualities, properties, nature and anything else about it which captures our attention and interest), and if possible to predict accurately the development of systems within this field from particular states or in response to particular changes. 1. However, this definition would exclude mathematics from the realm of the sciences.
Mathematics has been called the queen of the sciences. Serial Position Effect Examples? Two of the qualities which justify the inclusion of mathematics among the sciences are (i) that the activity of mathematicians results in enduring knowledge and (ii) that mathematics (unlike philosophy) is not characterized by enduring disagreements among its practitioners. Mathematicians may be inclined to view a particular mathematical hypothesis either as true or as false, but it is recognized by all mathematicians that this matter can be decided only by of Reconnaissance's Analysis the discovery of a proof of the hypothesis or the discovery of death moths a counter-example to it (although there is the possibility that some concepts may be refined in this process 2 ). Mathematicians, unlike philosophers, do not spend their time trying to persuade their colleagues that a particular assertion is or is not likely to be true. The Age Changes Analysis Essay? They seek proof or disproof. When a proof (or a counter-example) is put forward it normally does not take long for other mathematicians to decide whether it is a valid proof (or a true counter-example). Philosophy, on death moths, the other hand, although a rational activity, is not a science because there is no consensus regarding how disagreements may be resolved, other than continued discussion and The Age Analysis, debate, which, as experience shows, frequently do not lead to a resolution of disagreement. These considerations show that (i) rationality is not sufficient to qualify an area of investigation as a science and (ii) it is not necessary for a collective activity to be called a science that its subject matter consists in emprically observable phenomena (i.e., phenomena observable by the outer senses), but rather that (iii) what is Free Essay necessary is that it is practiced in such a manner that disagreements can be resolved (by those with the intellectual ability required to grasp the The Age problem and the mirror, the skills to investigate) and do not typically become merely entrenched competing opinions. The property described in (iii) is called objectivity. In other words, for a field of investigation to be considered a science its results must be such that, if true, they can be verified by similarly qualified investigators, and Essay, if false, this can be revealed by the checking of the work by others.
This is not to say that a scientific theory or statement of how things are is absolutely true, or corresponds to reality, simply that it is inter-subjectively verifiable (or falsifiable), and does not depend for its validity on the alleged scientific abilities of one investigator. 3. Thus it is was matt person not necessary for social science to emulate the methods of the natural sciences in order to The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay, be considered a science. It is sufficient for it to lead to objective knowledge, the character of which has been outlined above. Whether it does so is another question, which we shall consider later.
2. What is society? All humans are born into a society of one form or another, and live within society, but their view is usually just that of their immediate surroundings, and their intellectual understanding of the summary society they live in is usually derived from The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis, what they read in the newspapers. When we attempt to characterise society from a more scientific viewpoint we may say that society is an assembly (enduring over time) of individual organisms, each with some degree of awareness and autonomy, interacting in usually complex ways and producing artefacts and forms of organisation which in turn influence and constrain their experience and their actions. 4. Social scientists may differ in the degree to which they make use of (or even acknowledge) the autonomy and awareness of the individuals in was matt dillon a real a society in their descriptions and explanations of social phenomena, but that a society consists of such individuals cannot be denied without destroying the distinction between what social scientists study and of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis Essay, what natural scientists study. 5. 3. The Mirror? Does scientific knowledge accord with objective reality? Most scientists tacitly assume that they study something which is independent of their inquiry, which has an existence in itself, and The Age Changes Essay, has pre-existing properties which are revealed by their inquiry. 6 The problem with this is to identify this reality, with which scientific knowledge is supposed to accord, other than by some process of scientific inquiry itself. If reality is what is american summary known by means of scientific inquiry, then it is tautologous to Essay, say that scientific knowledge accords with reality.
7. Reality is what is intersubjectively verifiable, and enduringly so. The reality revealed by the investigations of natural scientists is especially real because so many investigators (even generations of investigators) affirm its qualities. Of Vertical? Anyone, it is said, with the proper ability to The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis, learn and the proper training can confirm what it says in the textbooks of physics, chemistry and american history, biology. 8. As regards social science in particular, there is less agreement than in natural science as to of Reconnaissance's, what constitutes social reality (as distinct from the reality of human individuals and the material objects that they produce). Emile Durkheim attempted to distinguish social science from other forms of example of vertical merger science by drawing attention (as he supposed) to a special kind of fact, a social fact, which he held to be different from the kinds of The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis Essay facts studied in the natural sciences. Serial Effect? In Chapter 1 of his The Rules of Sociological Method he states two criteria for identifying social facts. Firstly: A social fact is to be recognized by the power of external coercion which it exercises or is capable of exercising over The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay individuals, and the presence of this power may be recognized in its turn either by the existence of death moths some specific sanction or by the resistance offered against every individual effort to violate it.([Dur],p.10)
According to this definition, gravity is a social fact, since it coerces individuals to remain on of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay, the ground and resists their attempts to fly by their own efforts. At the end of Chapter 1 he restates this as: A social fact is every way of acting — capable of Free and Determinism Essay exercising on the individual an The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes external constraint. ([Dur], p.13) Since gravity is not a way of acting this excludes gravity. But who or what is it that acts? Presumably people. So a social fact would seem to be present whenever people act in such a way as to constrain the actions of other people.
Of course, they do so by virtue of occupying space, since we cannot walk through solid objects. So does Durkheim mean that people constrain others by intention? But this is to speak of the psychology of individuals, and Durkheim wished to distinguish social science from psychology. Presumably Durkheim is referring to customs, laws and traditions which individuals ignore at some risk. The second criterion Durkheim gives for Free Will Essay, the presence of The Age Essay a social fact is: Every way of acting which is general throughout a given society, while at the same time existing in its own right independent of the mirror stage its individual manifestations. ([Dur], p.13) But does it make sense to speak of The Age Analysis Essay anything existing in its own right independent of its individual manifestations? To take an example from Durkheim's own work, can we say that suicide exists in its own right apart from particular instances of suicide? Durkheim appears to have adopted a realist ontology, according to which universals exist independently of particular instances of those universals (e.g. red existing as something distinct from things which are coloured red).
This ontological position is dillon a real person rather implausible (one has only to ask where the alleged universal exists). Nevertheless there is a sense in which customs and traditions exist over and above the Changes Analysis Essay actions of individuals which may be said to exemplify them, for example, the custom and tradition of marriage. Yet even if one denies that there is an entity of some kind distinct from the individual instances of marriage, marriage is not simply the death moths collection of those instances. This custom, like all customs and traditions, is associated with a complex of beliefs. Changes Analysis Essay? In fact this custom may be regarded as consisting of this belief complex together with the actions of individuals acting on those beliefs in respect of them. Such a view risks being seen as a psychological conception of marriage, i.e., a reduction of the fact of marriage to Will and Determinism Essay, instances of individual belief and consequent action, and thus is inconsistent with Durkheim's wish to distinguish social science from psychology. However in the case of The Age Changes marriage (and other customs and traditions) we do not have simply a collection of was matt person individual beliefs and actions. Rather we have a belief complex which is instantiated in many individuals and of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay, persists over time.
It consists in individuals, in fact most individuals in society, believing more-or-less the same thing as their contemporaries and as those who went before them and those who succeed them, and acting in ways implied by this belief complex, that allows us to identify marriage as something distinct from was matt a real, individual instances of marriage and individual instances of belief. We are dealing here with something like collective psychology, as opposed to Changes Analysis, individual psychology. So we might say that a quasi-Durkheimian conception of social science is the mirror that it is the study of human psychology as it manifests itself not in individual beliefs and actions but in the beliefs and actions of large numbers of (indeed, most if not all) people in a society, while recognizing that this formulation may not have been acceptable to Durkheim because of his wish to draw a clear distinction between social science and psychology. Durkheim's philosophical realism seems to have led him to objectify this collective psychology as a collective consciousness or a group mind, a position which is not viewed sympathetically by most late 20 th Century social scientists, and the examination of of Reconnaissance's Changes which need not detain us here. 9. Social reality, it seems, is what social researchers discover when they seek to understand society in a way that makes sense to their colleagues, provided they can agree on what they discover and that this agreement persists over time. Thus it cannot be said to exist independently of the collective activity of example merger social researchers, yet it exists independently of The Age individual social researchers. 4. Serial Effect Examples? Weber on the origins of modern capitalism.
Max Weber, unlike Durkheim, did not feel the need to legitimate the study of society by establishing its credentials as a science (at least, one modelled on the natural sciences). Of Reconnaissance's Analysis? Weber's approach to the study of society is more akin to that of the historian than to that of the anthropologist, but is not purely descriptive. American Summary? He draws upon psychology, not as a science, but as sympathetic understanding of the mental worlds of people living in various times and places. 10 Social reality for Weber is a human reality, inseparable from human experience of the world. It is true that the of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis Essay economic and historical details are necessary for an understanding of society at Free Will, a particular time and place, but their true significance lies in how these things were experienced by the people who lived among them, and of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis, what they thought of their world and the mirror, of themselves, and how this guided their decisions and their actions and The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay, formed their mode of life. However this is not a purely literary method, since Weber uses the ideal type as an explanatory device, of which more will be said below. In The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism 11 Weber addresses the question: How did the specifically modern form of capitalism arise in the West during the last few centuries? 12 Weber notes that capitalism, in the sense of of vertical material acquisitiveness, maximization of wealth and Analysis Essay, the use of death moths it to create further wealth, for the sake of the enjoyment thereof, predated Western civilization and has long existed in various forms in non-Western societies. What characterizes the spirit of The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay modern capitalism is that attitude which seeks profit rationally and systematically (p.64).
This rationalization has now spread throughout Western society (except on its margins). Or rather, those who believe they run society have attempted to impose this rationalization upon it, despite resistance from those who dislike the effect curtailment of their liberty that this entails. How did this situation arise? Weber attempts to show that its origins are in fact religious, despite the fact that it initially seems implausible that modern capitalism, which has no time for spiritual values (unless the public perception of a concern therewith contributes to profits), could have its origin in religion. But Weber succeeds in of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay making this claim plausible.
For it to seem plausible we must follow Weber in his description of the mental world of Puritan Protestantism. In Chapter 4, Part A, of The Protestant Ethic Weber presents his ideal type of Calvinist belief, remarking that we can only hope to understand their [i.e. various religious ideas] specific importance from an investigation of them in was matt dillon a real their most consistent and logical forms (p.98). According to Weber it is specifically in Calvinism, rather than Protestantism as a whole, that the spiritual basis of modern capitalism is to be found, and Analysis Essay, within Calvinism the specific doctrine of death moths predestination (and the effects thereof). According to this doctrine each soul is either saved or damned from its beginning, as ordained by God, with no possibility of The Age Essay altering its fate, either by faith, by works or by the sacraments of the Church. This, says Weber, gave rise to a feeling of unprecendented inner loneliness of the single individual (p.104).
God was remote, warmth of conduct toward one's fellows was irrelevant to one's salvation (or otherwise), and participation in the sacraments of the Church (formerly believed to have magical efficacy) was pointless. Yet the question of whether one was among the saved or the damned was the overarching question of one's life. How was one to know? Although, as Calvin taught, there was no way to know by a person's actions that they were among the the mirror elect, some actions would certainly mark a man as among the damned. Failure to attend Calvinist church services, or conduct not morally correct, was a sure sign of exclusion. Only the person who strove seriously to live their life in accord with God's will could hope to find, after death, that he had been among the elect all along. 13. This led to the rationalization of salvation, i.e., the conscious planning of one's day-to-day behaviour so as to maximise the likelihood that one was, indeed, among the elect. The alternative was too horrible to The Age Essay, contemplate. In characterizing his ideal type of Calvinist mentality Weber writes:
The world exists to death moths, serve the glorification of God and for of Reconnaissance's, that purpose alone. . Death Moths? But God requires social achievement of the Christian because He wills that social life shall be organized according to of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis Essay, His commandments, in the mirror stage accordance with that purpose. (p.108) Thus labor becomes a duty to God. The laborer is of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay called by God to perform his duty of work. American? Thus came to prominence the The Age of Reconnaissance's Changes idea of the calling in the sense of vocation (or in more modern terms, profession). Protestant asceticism legitimated the exploitation of this specific willingness to work [hard], in that it also interpreted the employer's business activity as a calling.(p.178). The Protestant employer endeavours that his employees, too, should work hard and efficiently, and also understand that God calls them to of vertical, do so. The treatment of labour as a calling became as characteristic of the modern worker as the of Reconnaissance's Essay corresponding attitude toward acquisition of the business man.(p.179) . intense worldly activity . alone disperses religious doubts and gives certainty of grace.(p.112) The Calvinist creates the conviction of his own salvation by a systematic self-control which at every moment stands before the inexorable alternative, chosen or damned. Was Matt Dillon Person? (p.115) In contrast to Catholicism, Calvinism taught the application of this methodical self-control within worldly life, indeed, it taught the necessity of proving one's salvation by one's conduct in The Age of Reconnaissance's Essay the world. For the stage Calvinist mentality this world does not exist for the enjoyment thereof but rather for Changes Analysis Essay, the glorification of example God. The Age Analysis? For the Puritan asceticism is position a virtue because enjoyment of Essay worldly things is a dereliction of duty, using for selfish purposes what truly belongs to God alone. While the Free methodical self-control and rationalisation practiced by the Protestant increases his success in worldly life, as measured principally by of Reconnaissance's Analysis success in business, rational asceticism demands that the profits therefrom are not to stage, be enjoyed, but rather are to be reinvested for the sake of (as we now say) building up the business and achieving further success.
Gradually, by rational means, market share is increased, with the aim that eventually a level of control over the outer world will be reached which mirrors the control over the inner world. Changes Analysis? This obsession with control is one of the characteristics of modern capitalist society, the leaders of which attempt to control both people and natural resources, and to exploit both efficiently. The captains of Free modern industry, of course, do not think as the Puritans did (even though Puritanism lingers on in the civil religion of the U.S.A.). What Weber tried to of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis, show was how the Puritan mentality provided one of the essential conditions for the rise of modern capitalism. Having arisen and come to dominate society, capitalism no longer required its support in religious asceticism. Free? But the mental attitudes which made the ascendancy of modern capitalism possible persist in its underlying assumptions, such as that hard work is a virtue, material prosperity is The Age Essay a sign of the superior man, and that he who does not wish to work (whether or not the work available is perceived as boring and pointless) is example merger somehow reprehensible (as the Puritans earlier regarded someone who failed to do their duty to God). The Puritan, says Weber, wanted to work in a calling; we are forced to do so. The Age Changes Essay? (p.181)
Thus Weber tells a story that gives us insight into our own lives, shows us how aspects of our lives are rooted in specific historical antecedents. This story is the mirror not mythological but is factually verifiable, if we care to consult the of Reconnaissance's Analysis historical sources that Weber drew upon (although few of us have the time and skill to do so). 5. History? Concluding remarks. In his The Sociological Imagination C. W. Mills wrote that sociological reseach has tended to move in three general directions: (i) A theory of history, an encyclopedic endeavour, concerned with the whole of man's social life, at once historical and systematic. (Weber is The Age Essay one of the best examples of this school of inquiry.) (ii) Systematic theory of the nature of man and society; static, abstract, general. (Here Talcott Parsons is the prime example.) (iii) Empirical studies of contemporary social facts and a real, problems, with an emphasis on methodology. (Much of modern American sociology.) The conceptions of social reality which are implicit in these (and other) approaches may not all be in accord with one another. Yet we can still ask whether individually or collectively they constitute a science. When we look at the research of social scientists, do we find (as in mathematics) that hypotheses can be verified or refuted as a result of a collective examination by those qualified to The Age of Reconnaissance's Essay, do so? Or do we find (as in stage philosophy) that there is ongoing dispute and little agreement? The situation is not so bad as in philosophy but it is also not so good as in mathematics and natural science. A sociologist of the stature of Weber may propose an explanatory hypothesis, such as that certain aspects of modern capitalism can be understood as arising from certain religious values dominant at some phase of The Age of Reconnaissance's Analysis Essay recent social history, and other sociologists may disagree (although there is widespread acknowledgement that Weber's explanation is both correct and valuable).
But it is not the of vertical sort of explanation which can be shown to be true beyond doubt. A sociologist may maintain some competing theory with little fear of of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay being proven wrong. In the death moths other schools of Essay social inquiry mentioned by was matt a real person Mills there are other considerations. The hypotheses advanced by Talcott Parsons may be irrefutable simply because they are unintelligible, or they may be true because, when analysed, they are commonplace observations. Such hypotheses neither explain nor lead to knowledge. The empirical studies, largely based on interviews, may generate masses of Changes data suitable for statistical analysis, but in the end lead to few conclusions of Will Essay any significance for an understanding of society (although the results may be of interest to politicians and bureaucrats who wish to regulate society more to their liking). Thus sociology cannot be called a science, because it does not lead to objective knowledge in the sense discussed in Section 1 of this essay. That does not, of course, mean that social inquiry is without value or importance. The Age Of Reconnaissance's Changes Analysis Essay? The example of example of vertical Max Weber's inquiry into the religious foundations of modern capitalism shows that a sociologist of his capabilities can arrive at results which are not only significant for sociology as a field of research which aims at the rational comprehension of human society but which also are of value for understanding our own lives. [Coh] Cohn, N., The Pursuit of the Millennium, Secker Warbug, 1957; Paladin, 1970.
[Dur] Durkheim, E., The Rules of Sociological Method, transl. S. Of Reconnaissance's Changes Essay? A. Free Will And Determinism? Solovay and J. H. The Age Of Reconnaissance's Changes? Mueller, The Free Press of Glencoe, 1938. [Mil] Mills, C. Wright, The Sociological Imagination, Oxford U.P., 1959, Penguin Books, 1970. [Sch] Schwartz, A. J., Life Force — Death Force, the Structure of serial examples Human Energy and the Biology of Greed, Vantage Press, Inc., New York, 1988 (ISBN: 0-533-07769-9) [Web] Weber, M., The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, translated by Talcott Parsons, Routledge, 1992.